Through its production activities and product offerings, the Aerospace & Defense industry is a significant contributor to global climate change. Leading companies are addressing this impact by measuring and disclosing annual emissions data and reduction activities. Best practices include establishing and disclosing related targets and deadlines. To integrate low-carbon solutions, some companies are increasing investment in fuel-efficiency technologies and alternative energy sources. However, there is limited evidence of formal “clean technology” programs with long-term quantitative targets and deadlines. Furthermore, while some companies have taken steps to implement green procurement standards, there is a notable opportunity for companies in the industry to actively engage with their suppliers on the topic of sustainability.
Key Industry Impacts
• Greenhouse-gas emissions and general waste generation and disposal, together account for more than 85 percent of the total environmental footprint for Aerospace & Defense companies.
Critical Issue Profile: Climate Change
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) estimates that civil aviation contributes to roughly 2 percent of global carbon dioxide emissions, an amount that is expected to grow due to increasing air travel. In recent years both civil-aviation and defense units have expressed concerns regarding the industry’s environmental impact and subsequent greenhouse-gas regulations, fuel costs, and related security issues. In response, some companies in the industry are investing in alternative energy resources such as biofuel-based jet fuels. Although still in its infancy, demand for alternative fuels is expected to grow in the coming years, and several manufacturers and airlines are already involved in programs to develop and test alternative fuels. While the pace of adaptation remains slow, leading companies such as Boeing are ensuring that a board-level environmental committee is in place to oversee progress and performance.
Industry Ranking: How U.S. Aerospace & Defense Companies Stack Up
|Industry Rank||Company||Overall Rank||Industry Sector||Impact||Management||Disclosure||Green Score||2011 Green Score||1||Boeing||49||Aerospace & Defense||63.5||70.6||68.9||67.3||66.9||2||Lockheed Martin||67||Aerospace & Defense||66.1||65.2||62.7||65.3||60.8||3||Northrop Grumman||73||Aerospace & Defense||65.2||65.1||62.6||64.9||64.7||4||Raytheon||98||Aerospace & Defense||67.8||57.3||58.2||62.1||62.4||5||United Technologies||117||Aerospace & Defense||57.6||62.5||68.8||61.0||63.2||6||Rockwell Collins||127||Aerospace & Defense||66.0||62.4||20.8||59.8||62.2||7||Textron||191||Aerospace & Defense||56.1||56.3||55.1||56.1||54.7||8||Honeywell International||320||Aerospace & Defense||51.7||47.4||49.5||49.5||47.3||9||General Dynamics||325||Aerospace & Defense||60.0||44.6||20.6||49.1||50.1||10||L-3 Communications||355||Aerospace & Defense||66.2||39.1||4.2||47.8||47.6||11||Precision Castparts||476||Aerospace & Defense||42.1||37.2||0.0||35.7||39.7|