Amazing Rescues by Animals

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FEMA’s Urban Search and Rescue teams search for survivors amongst the wreckage of the World Trade Center. Around 300 rescue dogs worked 12- to 16-hour days searching for survivors for 10-day stretches. Vets were on hand to make sure the animals fared well on the site. A later study on the dogs who served in 9/11 showed they all lived long and healthy lives despite not having the protective gear their human counterparts did. Andrea Booher/FEMA News Photo

Miracles happen every day. Through acts of selflessness, strength and determination, ordinary individuals can become superheroes, even those with four paws. In this excerpt from Newsweek's special edition, Amazing Miracles, meet the heroic animals that risked their lives to save the day. Their stories continue to amaze, inspire and restore hope in our hearts.

SCARLETT THE CAT

There aren’t many cats that can claim they’ve had a book written about them. But a bedtime story is just one example of the outpouring of admiration that was directed toward Scarlett, a calico cat, after she braved flames five times to rescue her newborn kittens.

It all began in Brooklyn, New York, in 1996. Scarlett was a stray and had been living with her small litter in a crumbling garage that was widely thought to be a crack den. One day, a blaze broke out that quickly began to consume the building. Sensing the danger, Scarlett sprang into action. One by one, she picked up her kittens and scampered to safety. As the fire grew up around her, the flames licked at her fur. By the time the fire department arrived, Scarlett was so badly burned that she had lost all of the hair on her face. But the cat marched on with her mission. By the time Scarlett had gotten all five of her kittens out of the blaze, her eyes had blistered shut so badly, she had to nudge each of their noses to make sure they were safe.

AP96062701793 Scarlett and her new owner, Karen Wellen. One of her kittens succumbed to illness, but the remaining four were adopted as pairs. Chris Kasson/AP Images

The firefighters on the scene quickly rushed mother and litter to the North Shore Animal League, where vets feared Scarlett might never recover from her injuries. Luckily, she did. As word began to get out about her heroism, support poured in from across the globe. Scarlett had displayed the kind of selflessness only a mother would, putting her babies above all else. The League received thousands of letters offering their homes and their hearts, before Scarlett eventually found a family with Karen Wellen. 

TARA THE CAT

Erica Triantafilo had only turned her back
 to water her plants for a moment when 
she heard screams. Her 4-year-old son, Jeremy, was playing on his tricycle in their yard. What neither mother nor child had noticed was the next door neighbor’s dog. Hiding behind a parked car, the dog quietly stalked young Jeremy before darting in to attack. The whole moment was caught on CCTV camera as the canine clamped its jaws around the toddler’s tiny leg. Hearing her son’s cries, Erica Triantafilo sprinted toward the dog in desperation. But before she could reach them, the family’s cat, Tara, barreled into the dog with such force that he released Jeremy.

Cowed in the face of the protective cat’s bravery, the dog turned tail to flee. But Tara was not satisfied. Hissing and spitting, she chased the dog out of the yard. Later, when Jeremy spoke to local news, he praised his pet: “Tara is my hero.” Who knows how much damage the dog, who was later put down by the police, would have done had Tara not been on hand to save the day? 

AP99020201294 Altsman and Lulu at the ASPCA’s 1999 Humane Awards, where the 150-pound pig was honored. Doctors told Altsman that if she’d been left alone for 15 more minutes, she would have likely died. Shawn Baldwin/AP Images

LULU THE PIG

Jo Ann Altsman was enjoying some time away in a trailer in Presque Isle, Pennsylvania, with her husband, when her holiday took a turn for the worse. Her husband, Jack, had gone out fishing for the afternoon on Lake Erie, while Jo Ann stayed back with the couple’s dog and their Vietnamese Pot Belly pig, Lulu. While she was alone, Jo Ann started having severe chest pains and collapsed. She knew what was happening—she was having a heart attack. It was her second in 18 months. Lulu then went into rescue mode. As quickly as her impressive weight would allow, the pig waddled outside and plonked herself on the pavement. It was the first time she had ever left the confines of the yard. For the next 45 minutes, Lulu attempted to flag down every passing car by lying in the road until they stopped and then tried to lead them back to the trailer. After a few un- successful attempts, a man eventually followed Lulu and called for help. But even when the paramedics arrived, Lulu was reluctant to leave her owner’s side. 

AP9608170826 WLS-TV/AP Images

BINTI JUA

When a 3-year-old boy fell 24 feet into her Brookfield Zoo enclosure on August 16, 1996, 8-year-old female lowland gorilla Binti Jua sprang into action. Using maternal instincts honed by zookeepers at the San Francisco Zoo where she grew from an infant, Binti Jua approached the unconscious toddler, scooped him up and cradled him in one of her arms—her own 17-month-old on
 her back—as she carried him 60 feet to
 a door of the enclosure zookeepers used.
“She was gently kind of rocking the kid in 
her right arm,” zoo worker Craig Demitros
 told Chicago reporters. At one point, she
 even turned her back to her fellow lowland
 gorillas, using her body as a shield for the 
injured boy. For her efforts, Newsweek readers voted her 1996’s “Hero of the Year.”

AP05050505652 Binti Jua cradles her new baby at Brookfield Zoo in Brookfield, Illinois, on May 5, 2005; Binti carries an injured 3-year-old boy to a service gate after he fell 18 feet to a concrete floor in the primate exhibit at the Brookfield Zoo, August 16, 1996. Charles Rex Arbogast/AP Images

GUNNER THE DOG

When Gunner, a stray black-and-white kelpie, was found in the Darwin Air Force Base in Northern Australia, he was whimpering from a broken leg and hidden in 
the rubble of a recent Japanese air strike. After 
the discovery, Leading Aircraftman Percy Westcott immediately took the young pup to the base’s doctor, where he was given a name and a number just like the rest of the recruits on base. Gunner began to settle in quickly with the troops, who took it upon themselves to train him. Soon after his arrival, however, Gunner started to demonstrate some special skills. It quickly became clear the dog’s hearing was so good that he could recognize incoming bomber planes from up to 20 minutes away.

Gunner_(dog) Gunner with his handler, Percy Westcott. Gunner remained loyal to him, even by sleeping and showering with the soldier. Australian War Memorial

When Gunner sensed an impending attack, he would whine and whimper in an attempt to get the soldiers’ attention, before hiding in the barracks. The men quickly realized Gunner couldn’t just hear the planes, he could identify which ones belonged to the enemy, as well. Eventually, the local Wing Commander gave the order that a siren should sound whenever Gunner alerted them. Gunner’s ability was invaluable and meant the men at the base always had the upper hand. By the time the bomber planes arrived, everybody was ready for the attack. The number of lives he saved will never truly be known. 

sipaphotostwo424499 Police Officer James Symington and Trakr at Ground Zero. In 2009, Symington, the owner of the late search-and-rescue dog and 9/11 Hero—who died at 16—won the “Golden Clone Giveaway” contest sponsored by BioArts International in 2008. He wrote to the company and explained why Trakr was an ideal candidate for cloning, which resulted in the creation of five Trakr-cloned puppies with identical genes to the heroic dog. Marcocchi Giulio/Sipa/Newscom

9/11 RESCUE DOGS

After the collapse of the Twin Towers on September 11, 2001, more than 10,000 emergency workers began 
a brutal search of the wreckage that would last several weeks. Firefighters, police officers and rescue workers from around the world assembled in downtown Manhattan. But they weren’t alone—they had some help from a few furry friends. Working alongside them were more than 300 search-and-rescue dogs.

The dogs arrived early to the scene each day, working grueling 12-hour shifts well into the night, turning up little except more dust and rubble. With their sharp noses and small paws, the 9/11 rescue dogs scrambled freely amongst the fallen debris. The pets proved vital to the efforts. In fact, it was 
a dog, not an emergency worker, who found the last survivor to be pulled from the site.

Port Authority secretary Genelle Guzman-McMillan had been making her way down from her office on the 64th floor in the South Tower when the building began to shake. Within seconds, the entire tower had collapsed around her, trapping her inside the mess of concrete and crushing her leg. She lay stuck in the small space for 27 hours, until Trakr, a German Shepherd police dog, sniffed her out. Alerting the firefighters of his discovery, they were able to start digging at the spot he’d selected, and underneath they miraculously discovered the woman.

Trakr was just one of the canines who contributed to the enormous effort at Ground Zero. On average, the dogs worked for 12 to 16 hours straight for 10 days. Many of them, Trakr included, sometimes collapsed from sheer exhaustion. Just three days after the tragedy, Trakr suffered so badly from burns and smoke inhalation that he had to be treated with intravenous fluids. But the next day, he was back and raring to go—ever driven to keep to his important mission.

In fact, all of the dogs who arrived to help with their owners showed remarkable determination. Accounts of the rescues are littered with stories of pets who refused to give in and kept working against all odds. But the 9/11 rescue dogs had another very important purpose: to keep up morale. Many photographs taken from the aftermath show firefighters and other emergency workers smiling as they lean down to stroke 
their four-legged friends. In the face of so much destruction, the dogs were crucial to boosting 
the resolve of those they worked alongside. Many emergency workers have since confessed when the trauma of the task proved too much that brief moments of comfort from the animals were the only way to lift their spirits. 

These articles appear in Newsweek's Special Edition Amazing Miracles.

001_COV_PMS_US Steven Day/AP Images; The Record, Bergen Co. NJ/Getty Images; Bettmann/Corbis