For an 'America, Inc.'

When the Japanese government decided in 1971 that having only 6 percent of the world’s computer business was inadequate and unsatisfactory, the Ministry of International Trade and Industries “urged” the six principal manufacturers to work out a system of cooperation on research and development for both hardware and software. This led to create three cartels and ultimately, in 1975, when a second consolidation occurred, they reduced the three to two.