A Chief's Gradual Decline

Left: Steve Jobs dies at age 56 in 2011. Right: Jobs was diagnosed with pancreatic neuro-endocrine cancer in 2003. Justin Sullivan / Getty Images (2)

October 2003

During an abdominal scan, Jobs is diagnosed with pancreatic neuro-endocrine cancer.

July 2004

He has surgery, called pancreatoduodenectomy, at Stanford University Medical Center to remove his gallbladder plus part of the pancreas, stomach, and bile duct.

August 2004

Jobs emails Apple employees, saying he had surgery and expects to “return to work in September.”

August 2006

He appears thin and gaunt at a conference. An Apple spokesperson says “Steve’s health is robust.”

June 2008

Jobs again looks seriously ill, and Apple says he has “a common bug.” The New York Times reports that his health issues were more serious but “weren’t life-threatening.”

September 2008

He quotes Mark Twain: “Reports of my death are greatly exaggerated.”

January 2009

After missing a Macworld event, Jobs blames his severe weight loss on a “hormone imbalance.” He takes a medical leave of absence from Apple.

Early 2009

He travels to Switzerland, Fortune later reports, for an experimental radiation treatment unavailable in the U.S.

July 2009

Travels to Memphis for a liver transplant, performed by Dr. James Eason at Methodist University Hospital. He soon returns to Apple.

September 2009

Jobs issues a statement saying, “I now have the liver of a mid-20s person who died in a car crash and was generous enough to donate their organs, and I wouldn’t be here without such generosity.”

January 2011

Jobs announces he is taking medical leave.

Aug. 24, 2011

Citing his poor health, Jobs steps down as CEO of Apple.

Oct. 5, 2011

Jobs dies at age 56.