Korea Summit Document: What Did Trump and Kim Jong Un Agree in Singapore?

President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un finished their historic meeting in Singapore by signing a document together in front of the world’s press, an agreement between the U.S. and the North committing the two nations to "peace and prosperity."

It also refers to Kim's "firm and unwavering commitment to complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula."

The meeting almost did not go ahead when Trump canceled it during a diplomatic spat. But he put it back on after Kim sent Trump a letter. And now, after months of exchanging threats of nuclear war, the two leaders have reached what appears to be an amicable détente.

One crucial aspect of any deal is a commitment to denuclearization by Pyongyang. Trump wants North Korea to give up its nuclear weapons program. The regime is nearing the development of an intercontinental ballistic missile capable of delivering a nuclear warhead to the U.S. mainland. For Trump, this is an intolerable red line.

Trump Kim North Korean leader Kim Jong Un shakes hands with President Donald Trump during their summit on Sentosa Island in Singapore on June 12. Kevin Lim/THE STRAITS TIMES/Handout/Getty Images

Trump said the deal is “very important” and “pretty comprehensive,” while Kim said the two leaders “decided to leave the past behind,” the BBC reported. Trump even spoke of a “special bond” between the two and suggested he would invite Kim to the White House.

Asked by reporters specifically about denuclearization, Trump replied, “We’re starting that process very, very quickly.”

In pictures: Key moments in North Korea-U.S. relations

These are the four key points from the document signed by Kim and Trump:

  1. The United States and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea commit to establish new U.S.-DPRK relations in accordance with the desire of the peoples of the two countries for peace and prosperity.
  2. The United States and the DPRK will join their efforts to build a lasting and stable peace regime on the Korean Peninsula.
  3. Reaffirming the April 27, 2018, Panmunjom Declaration, the DPRK commits to work towards the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
  4. The United States and the DPRK commit to recovering POW/MIA remains, including the immediate repatriation of those already identified.

As well as making threats to destroy each other’s country, Trump and Kim had hurled insults when relations were at their worst in 2017 at the height of Pyongyang’s nuclear missile testing activity, which saw rockets landing in the sea near U.S. ally Japan.

Kim called Trump a “rogue” and a “dotard.” Trump dismissed Kim as “Little Rocket Man.”

But it was all smiles and handshakes on the island of Sentosa off the coast of Singapore on Tuesday. The two met at the luxury Capella Hotel, where they held talks and signed the document.

RTX68NTX President Donald Trump shows a document, which he and North Korea's Kim Jong Un signed, acknowledging the progress of their talks—along with a pledge to keep the momentum going—after their Singapore summit on June 12. REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst

"Having acknowledged that the U.S.-DPRK summit—the first in history—was an epochal event of great significance in overcoming decades of tensions and hostilities between the two countries and for the opening up of a new future, President Trump and Chairman Kim Jong Un commit to implement the stipulations in this joint statement fully and expeditiously," the deal says. It added that there will be subsequent high-level negotiations.

After the summit, Trump outlined in a press conference further details on what had been agreed to beyond the document. He said the U.S. would end its war games with ally South Korea, a major concession, in exchange for a freeze on North Korea's nuclear tests.

The president said Kim promised to destroy a test site, and Trump invited Kim to the White House, an offer the North Korean leader accepted.

There is already much debate about who is the biggest winner after the meeting. Some credit Trump’s tough line on North Korea, which amounted to nuclear brinkmanship, for bringing Kim to the negotiating table and potentially solving the problem of a nuclear-armed Pyongyang. It was Trump’s unique and maverick approach to the North Korean problem, they argue, that yielded results nobody anticipated.

But others say this is a clear victory for North Korea, which was in reality rewarded for its nuclear weapons program with the Trump meeting. The summit, they say, elevated the regime to the top tables of diplomacy despite its behavior—including grotesque human rights abuses—sending a troubling message to other rogue states and groups.

The summit is a "huge win for Kim-Jong Un…the optics literally couldn’t have been better if he had tried to stage it himself," Jenny Town, a Korea analyst and editor at 38 North, told the BBC. “The fact is, this is Kim Jong Un—six months ago he was one of the world’s most hated leaders and now he’s a political rock star.”

Other analysts and academics are underwhelmed by the agreement because of its lack of detail and specifics.

"Wow. If this is it...this is depressing," tweeted Robert E. Kelly, a professor of political science at Pusan National University in South Korea. "This is even thinner than most skeptics anticipated. I figured Trump [would] at least get some missiles or a site closure or something concrete.... This looks pretty generic."

He added, "God, this is just depressing. All that hype for this? All that drama and the Nobel talk? Come, art of the deal. This is it? This is, well, pathetic given that the U.S. president was personally involved."

Vipin Narang, an associate professor of political science at MIT and an expert on nuclear proliferation, said North Korea has committed to denuclearization for 25 years, citing the 1993 deal with the U.S. "Everyone walks away happy—Kim having met POTUS as an equal—having committed to nothing. Can. Kicked. Down. The. Road," Narang tweeted.

This article was updated to include analysts' comments.

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