How Nine States Voted on Marijuana Legalization

Marijuana Legalization
People gather for an election results watch party put on by supporters of Arizona Proposition 205, a legal marijuana initiative, in Phoenix, Arizona. Nancy Wiechec/Reuters

It's unlikely that many proponents of marijuana legalization voted for Donald Trump last night, but despite their disappointment with the presidential election, some are seeing a sliver—or rather, a green—lining in other election results. Five states were voting on legalizing recreational marijuana, three were voting on legalizing medicinal marijuana and one state was voting for medicinal marijuana reform. As of Wednesday morning, seven of the nine measures had been approved, one was rejected and one was too close to call.

The most significant initiative to pass was the legalization of recreational use of marijuana in California, a measure that affects nearly 40 million Americans. In 1996, the state became the first to legalize medicinal marijuana, and now, 20 years later, its full legalization of the drug could catalyze even more reform on a national level. After Tuesday night, a majority of the United States now has access to legalized medicinal and/or recreational marijuana. Proponents hope this is only the beginning.

ARKANSAS

  • Legalized marijuana for certain medical conditions
  • Medicinal dispensaries
  • State regulatory agency

Status: Approved

ARIZONA

  • Up to 1 ounce for private consumption for anyone 21 and over
  • Up to 12 plants per residence
  • State regulatory agency
  • 15 percent tax on top of existing sales tax

Status: Rejected

CALIFORNIA

  • Up to 1 ounce for private consumption for anyone 21 and over
  • Up to 6 plants per residence
  • State regulatory agency
  • 15 percent tax on top of existing sales tax
  • Cultivation tax

Result: Approved

FLORDIA

  • Legalized for cancer, epilepsy, HIV, PTSD, and other conditions
  • Medicinal dispensaries
  • Regulation by Florida Department of Health

Status: Approved

MAINE

  • Up to 2.5 ounces for private consumption for anyone 21 and over 
  • Retail sales, 10 percent tax
  • Up to 6 flowering plants, 12 immature plants and unlimited seedlings per residence
  • Regulation by Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry

Status: Too close to call

MASSACHUSETTS

  • Up to 1 ounce for private consumption for anyone 21 and over
  • Up to 12 plants per residence
  • State regulatory agency
  • Retail sales, 3.75 percent tax on top of existing sales tax

Status: Approved

MONTANA

Marijuana is already legal medicinally, and state residents voted to give patients easier access to the drug. The initiative will repeal a measure that prevented licensed providers from serving more than three patients. It also allows providers to hire employees to cultivate, dispense and transport medical marijuana.

Status: Approved

NEVADA

  • Up to 1 ounce for private consumption for anyone 21 and over
  • Up to 6 plants per residence for anyone who doesn't live within 25 miles of dispensary
  • Regulation from Nevada Department of Taxation
  • Additional 15 percent tax for growers, with revenue going toward state's education system

Status: Approved

NORTH DAKOTA

  • Legalizes to treat cancer, epilepsy, HIV, PTSD, chronic back pain and other conditions
  • Medicinal dispensaries
  • Up to 8 plants per residence for anyone who doesn't live within 40 miles of dispensary
  • Regulation by North Dakota Department of Health 

Status: Approved