Trump's national security transition has been more chaotic than others in recent memory, with important positions unfilled and many of his people less able, or willing, to engage on substance, U.S. officials said.
Some 900,000 people, both Trump backers and opponents, are expected to flood Washington for Friday's inauguration ceremony.
The visit to Central Intelligence Agency headquarters in Langley, Virginia, in the Washington suburbs, has a symbolic element, since Trump had questioned the CIA's conclusion that Russia was involved in cyber hacking that interfered with the U.S. election.
After being sworn in during a ceremony at the U.S. Capitol on Friday, Trump is poised to wield one of the most powerful tools of his office, the presidential pen, for executive actions that can be implemented without the input of Congress.
They said morale at the CIA and other agencies was already sagging because of disputes with Trump over whether Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered interference in the U.S. election.
Trump, a Republican, is under pressure to distance himself from his businesses before he moves into the White House on Jan. 20.
President-elect Donald Trump and his Senate Republican allies are demanding confirmations at a record pace.
"We're not doing this for sport. Democrats feel very strongly that pushing for a thorough and thoughtful vetting process is the right thing to do," Schumer said.
The appointment of Kushner, first reported by NBC, had been anticipated but it had been unclear what his official role would be.
Coats, 73, is a traditional conservative from Indiana who just finished a six-year term in the U.S. Senate. He was also a U.S. ambassador to Germany for Republican President George W. Bush.
Sonny Perdue founded a founded a grain and fertilizer business and became Georgia's first Republican since 1871.
President-elect cannot legally shutter the foundation while it is under investigation, New York attorney general's office says.
It is a signal of how Trump plans to elevate a crackdown on competitors in the world market.
The founder of Virtu Financial is an Army veteran and owner of the NHL's Florida Panthers.
Congressman Mick Mulvaney of South Carolina, who must face Senate confirmation, says the administration "will restore budgetary and fiscal sanity back."
Trump's transition team has said the cabinet is intended to be a mix of experienced Washington hands and newcomers
Trump previously unveiled a list of 21 conservative jurists he would consider for the job.
It remains unclear where Zinke would stand on opening up more federal lands to increased drilling and mining.
Republicans and Democrats said Tillerson would be asked about his ties to Russia.