SHIRLEY CHISHOLM, 80 Although she served New York's 12th Congressional District for seven terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, Chisholm did not want to be remembered as the nation's first black congresswoman or as the first African-American to run for president. "Shirley Chisholm had guts" was her idea of an epitaph. Anyone who saw her in action--whether opposing the Vietnam War or enlisting George Wallace's help to win minimum-wage coverage for domestic workers--would have agreed.

WILL EISNER, 87 Whether he was creating a groundbreaking comic strip in the '40s (the funny and noirish "Spirit") or singlehandedly inventing the graphic novel in the '70s ("A Contract With God"), Eisner took a medium associated with kids--the funnies--and taught it to grow up. As he put it, his real audience was "a 55-year-old who had his wallet stolen on the subway. You can't talk about heartbreak to a kid."

FRANK KELLY FREAS, 82 He painted cheesecake babes on airplane fuselages in World War II. He turned out hundreds of covers for science-fiction and fantasy magazines and novels. But more than anything, Freas will be remembered as the illustrator who, back in the '50s, took Alfred E. Neuman, an off-the-rack dope, gave him a look of sly mischief and thereby made him Mad--and immortal.