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  • Q&A: The End of Fake IDs?

    John M. McCardell Jr.'s latest mission may have a greater effect on college freshmen than anything he did during his 13 years as president of Middlebury College: he wants to lower the drinking age to 18—but not in order to encourage drinking. In January he started a nonprofit organization, Choose Responsibility, which proposes educating teens in responsible drinking just as we teach safe driving, and then rewarding them with a drinking license, for which they become eligible at 18. He spoke with Samantha Henig. ...
  • Environment: Going Green at Work

    Allison Friedman, 34, was running her own restaurant in Brookline, Mass., when she had an epiphany. "For five years, it was enough for me to work hard, make a living and have a good time," she says. "But there was a fourth concept missing, and that was doing some social good." So Friedman sold her restaurant, a Southwestern chili house, went to business school and eventually founded the Web site rateitgreen.com, dedicated to helping consumers and businesses find ecofriendly building materials and services.Like Friedman, many people feel torn between their careers and their inclinations toward public service. But as Americans grow more savvy about helping the environment, organizations and services are popping up to help workers bridge that gap. "We get this question from a lot of people," says Kevin Doyle, coauthor of "The ECO Guide to Careers that Make a Difference" and president of the work-force development firm Green Economy, Inc. "They want to have their daily work make a...
  • Things Not Seen: Science for the Blind

    If nanoscience is the field of stuff so tiny it can never be seen, does it matter if the scientist can see at all? At the University of Wisconsin's nanoscience center, Andrew Greenberg is in charge of education and outreach—and it occurred to him that blindness, often thought of as a handicap in the sciences, becomes irrelevant when the subject matter is invisible anyway. To encourage vision-impaired students to enter the field, Greenberg and other researchers at the school are building three-dimensional models, inches long, that faithfully re-create nanoscale structures and surfaces—similar to the molecular models made of colored balls and rods from your high-school chemistry class, only more accurate.Technically, the models are just another way of representing the same data that sighted students use when they look at "pictures" of nanoscale objects. "There's a lot in science that's perceived as being visual, but vision is nothing essential to the concepts or even the raw data,"...
  • Protective Clothing for Fun in the Sun

    Come summer, organic farmers Michelle and Danny Lutz of Yale, Mich., used to strip to T shirts and tank tops. But after Danny's repeated bouts with skin cancer, they learned the hard way that a typical white T shirt provides only the protective equivalent of an SPF-5 to -10 sunblock. Now the Lutzes, their three daughters and entire farm crew of eight cover up with sun-protective garments from a company called Coolibar (coolibar.com). The clothes have titanium dioxide in the threads and carry a seal of approval from the Skin Cancer Foundation. And despite the long sleeves, says Michelle, they're comfortable in high heat and humidity.Not long ago, sun-protective clothes meant heavy fabrics and boring styles. But today Coolibar and its competitors are providing more comfortable materials, prettier fashions and attractive colors. Doctors welcome the trend. Sunblock, they note, is great, but few people apply enough. (A recent study found that almost half of teens got their worst burn of...
  • Transition: Edward Behr

    EDWARD BEHR, 81 A legendary foreign correspondent with an unforgettably titled memoir ("Anybody Here Been Raped and Speak English?"—the alleged cry of a BBC reporter to refugees fleeing the Congo in 1960), Behr saw firsthand the countless troubled corners of the world.In 1965 he came to NEWSWEEK; in 1968 alone, he covered the Tet Offensive, the student revolts in Paris and the Russian reconquest of Prague. Fascinated by dictators, he interviewed several of the most famous, from Castro to Mao Zedong.
  • Supreme Court: Alito's Year

    Two Supreme Court decisions are expected soon: one on whether schools can decide to admit students based on race, the other examining restrictions on campaign ads right before an election, a key element of the McCain-Feingold campaign-finance law. "All eyes continue to be on justice Samuel Alito to see what has changed since Sandra Day O'Connor left," says Thomas Goldstein, a Supreme Court expert and lawyer with Akin Gump. "But we knew he'd be moving the court to the right while she was always the swing." Recent decisions saw Alito in the majority, voting almost in lockstep with Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas. Court watchers are waiting to see if any case splits the conservatives—to find out if Alito is radically or only moderately conservative.
  • My Turn: I'm Still Listening for My Father's Words

    Aphasia is an oddly beautiful word, like the name of a flower. I imagine it blue, with slender petals and delicate filaments, breaking through hard winter soil, because each word my father manages to speak is like a tender blossom struggling into the air. Dad's been diagnosed with what doctors call "dementia of the Alzheimer's type." The most frustrating part of his decline has been his aphasia, defined by Webster's as "loss or impairment of the power to use words." In Dad's case, this manifests itself as anomia, the inability to remember the names of things. Lately he's been calling his nightly can of beer "ink." Sometimes he calls it "gas," which makes a kind of sense.It's summer, the time of my annual visit to the home my parents bought 43 years ago in Lemon Grove, Calif. Trying not to let my face betray dismay at how frail Dad has become, I pull a chair close to his recliner, facing him. I realize I've been holding my breath when I exhale as Dad begins to speak."Where is your...
  • Autos: The Threat of Defective Airbags

    What's worse than your car's airbag going off in your face? An airbag not deploying when you have an accident. That can happen if you are driving a used car that's had its airbag improperly or fraudulently replaced.As many as one in 25 accident-damaged cars has its airbag replaced with a stolen, salvaged or fake airbag, according to California state estimates. (They can cost as much as $3,000 new.) But there are ways to check that the previously owned "cream puff" you're driving hasn't been scammed. Use your vehicle identification number to check its airbag history free of charge at carfax.com/airbag. You can look at your airbag panel on the steering wheel or dashboard. If its color is slightly off, it might have been replaced. Most, but not all, original-equipment airbags have the initials SRS or SIR on the panel, at least on the passenger side, and the car's logo on the driver's side.You can also get your mechanic to check it out—most deployed airbags are reinstalled properly....
  • Uncorked: Rosé

    Picture yourself at a sidewalk café by the beach, at the end of a summer day in southern France. You'd probably be drinking a refreshing rosé. But even if you can't get to France, there are plenty of great-value rosés available. The best are dry in style, with fruity flavors balanced by a good tang of acidity.
  • Mail Call: Is Bill an Asset or Liability for Hillary?

    Readers had decidedly mixed reactions to the prospect of an ex-president's spouse running for the White House, the subject of our May 28 cover story. One Clintons fan, who looked forward to a Hillary presidency, wrote, "I believe our Bill will be a smart and wise helpmate." Most agreed that Bill Clinton casts a large shadow over his wife. "One thing I know is that Hillary is a very smart woman. She knows Bill is the biggest asset to her campaign. She also knows once elected, he could become her greatest liability," one said. For another reader, a possible win resonates this way: "A vote for Hillary is a vote for up to 16 years of Bill Clinton. Some may think that's a good thing, but it treads heavily on the concept of term limits." And one pondered the implications for her running mate. "Can you imagine what it would be like to be the vice president in a Hillary and Bill administration?"Looking at how former president Bill Clinton would affect a Hillary Clinton presidency is...
  • Technology: Cameras Go Diving

    Capture the moment this summer with the latest waterproof digital cameras. Designed to seal out moisture, they can take a dip when you do. The Pentax Optio W30 (pentaximaging.com) can go 10 feet below the surface for up to two hours. For extreme travelers, the Olympus's Stylus 770 SW (olympusamerica.com) can endure 33-foot depths, frigid temperatures or 220 pounds of crushing pressure. Vivitar's 6-megapixel ViviCam 6200w (vivitar.com) features big buttons for easy shooting. Prefer moving pictures? Sanyo (sanyodigital.com) comes out with the first waterproof consumer camcorder, the Xacti E1, later this month. It doesn't get any wetter than that.
  • The Checklist

    RENT "The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly." Sergio Leone's violent, operatic 1967 spaghetti Western, starring Clint Eastwood, comes complete with the 18 minutes cut from its U.S. release. Everything's huge—the close-ups, the Morricone score, the body count.SURF iVillage.com/green, iVillage's new green channel, for earth-conscious tips. While you're there, enter to win prizes in a weekly sweepstakes through Aug. 19. Grand prize: a hybrid car.READ "Diary of a Real Estate Rookie," by Alison Rogers, a witty bunch of horror and success stories mixed with real advice for other Realtor newbies (Kaplan. $14.95).GO to the Museum of Latin American Art in Long Beach, Calif., on June 9, when it opens its permanent collection, "Bridge to the Americas," in its newly expanded building. A free family festival will follow on June 10.RIDE the new high-speed TGV East trains in France. Beginning June 10, travel times are cut in half between Paris and Frankfurt. Cost: about $130 for a one-way 2nd-class ticket.
  • Military: Gates and the Press

    Defense Secretary Robert Gates has a message for the military: keep focused on the real enemies. "Today, I want to encourage you always to remember the importance of two pillars of our freedom under the Constitution—the Congress and the Press," he told graduates of both the Naval and Air Force academies in two recent commencement addresses. He went on to say that "the American military must be nonpolitical and recognize the obligation we owe the Congress to be honest and true in our reporting to them. Especially when it involves admitting mistakes or problems. The same is true with the Press ... The Press is not the enemy, and to treat it as such is self-defeating."Many men and women in uniform wouldn't agree with him. An annual survey by the Military Times, conducted last November and December, found that service members were heavily Republican (only 16 percent said they were Democrats) and "convinced the media hate them," as the paper put it. Only 39 percent thought the media had...
  • Summer Celebrations: Wedding Cheers

    If the prospect of giving a maid-of-honor speech makes you want to run as fast as your dyed-to-match satin pumps can carry you, take heart: Vance Van Petten, author of "Ten Minutes to the Speech" and executive director of the Producers Guild of America, says using his "Four-H" rule will get you through your toast unscathed.Start from the heart, expressing admiration and love for the bride and groom. Season the speech with lots of humor, using funny stories you get from the couple's family members. "If you don't get a really good version of how the couple met, you failed," says Van Petten ("Wedding Crashers" notwithstanding). Expose your own and the couple's humility by expressing how honored you are to be giving the speech and how lucky they are to have found each other. Finally, end with haste. A wedding speech should last between three and five minutes. Start early and practice telling the stories so you don't have to use notes. And above all, leave the bride alone. "For a wedding...
  • Cose: The Supreme Court's Worrying Stance on Discrimination

    In the end, Lilly Ledbetter was just too late. her complaint was "untimely." So declared Samuel Alito in a 5-4 decision explaining why the Supreme Court was rejecting her discrimination claim under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. Alito did not dispute that Ledbetter might have been wronged during the many years she worked as a supervisor for the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co.; it's conceivable she would have been better paid had she not been targeted after rejecting the sexual advances of a superior. But since the alleged offenses took place years ago and the supposed offender had died, she was wrong to expect help at this juncture. Instead of waiting until she retired in 1998, she should have filed within six months "after each allegedly discriminatory employment decision was made and communicated to her."It was a harsh and rigid reading of the law—one with which Ruth Bader Ginsburg forcefully disagreed. In her dissent read from the bench, Ginsburg accused the majority of being...
  • Health: Can a Man Make a Baby?

    It takes two people to make a baby, but many men have been in denial about a related fact: it can also take two not to make one. When a couple can't conceive, about half the time the trouble lies not with the woman's body but with the man's. Many men see infertility as a female problem, and if they suffer it themselves, they take the diagnosis personally. In surveys, they report feeling "emasculated" or like "losers." They're often "reluctant to even come into the clinic" for sperm testing, says Keith Isaacson, a reproductive endocrinologist at Harvard Medical School, either because they think the doctor won't be able to tell them what's wrong—or don't want him to.It's time to say goodbye to both those excuses. Scientists last week identified a protein defect that may explain many cases of male infertility (it's also implicated in some female cases), so docs can understand and eventually treat the condition more effectively. This week, Fertell, a his-and-hers home test that's been...
  • Excerpt: The Price of Condi's Loyalty to Bush

    Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice sat down for an interview with NEWSWEEK’s Michael Hirsh while en route from Berlin to Madrid on a European tour last week. Asked about her likely legacy, she was notably low-key in expressing any hope for a “break­through” agreement in the Mideast or on Iran. What follows is the full interview: ...
  • Road Test: Lexus LS 600h L

    Don't get crazy excited. Yes, the new LS 600h L is a hybrid, and it drives faster, smoother and more quietly than any Lexus I've tested. But while this long-wheelbase sedan gets better mileage than competitors in its class, the low 20s on an mpg readout is still pretty sorry by today's automotive standards. If you ignore that, I say, wow, Lexus has finally stepped up to play with the big guns, Mercedes-Benz and BMW.This impressive car is loaded with an armada of standard and optional features not found together on any other car. A button allows it to run only on electric power for up to three miles. And the LS 600h L parks itself. Really. I pulled up in front of a parallel spot, hit a button, and darn if the thing didn't back itself up and slide right in. The interior is abundant and elegant, with triple-tone leather appointments, heated and cooled massaging seats, and a razor-sharp Mark Levinson sound system. A button that sets the shocks for Sport, Normal and Comfort seemed silly...
  • Business: How H&M Is Remaking U.S. Fashion

    Even on a soggy spring morning, H&M is causing a commotion outside its newest store in suburban Chicago. Madonna and Beyoncé blast from giant speakers as workers hand out gift cards to dozens of shoppers lining up before the doors open to the Bolingbrook, Ill., store. These shivering shoppers are attracted by the two things H&M creates best: discount designer duds and get-it-now buzz. "It's, like, the only store I go into at the mall," says 23-year-old Sabrina Biziarek, while clutching her gift card and waiting for the doors to open.Since its first U.S. store opened in 2000, H&M has transformed the calculus of cheap chic. With an in-house staff of 120 designers and a nimble network of Asian and European factories, the Swedish retailer can move the latest look from runway to rack in three weeks. And H&M sells high style at crazy-low prices ($3.90 necklaces, $29.90 minidresses). America has become H&M's fastest-growing market, ringing up $231 million in sales this...
  • John Lewis Remembers a Civil-Rights Nemesis

    On the morning of March 7, 1965, some 600 men and women, black and white, headed east out of Selma, Ala., walking U.S. Highway 80 toward Montgomery in search of justice. Their efforts to register black voters three weeks earlier had been thwarted by Selma police. The civil-rights champions knew they were in for further conflict, but they did not yet know how much. Six blocks into their march, as they walked across the Edmund Pettus Bridge, they found out. State troopers and members of the Dallas County Sheriff’s Department, some mounted on horseback with billy clubs and tear gas, had massed to shut the march down. In front of the news media, Selma Sheriff James Clark ordered his men to attack the peaceful demonstrators, who were beaten, tear-gassed and trampled. The melee, known as “Bloody Sunday,” proved a turning point in the civil-rights struggle, as Americans recoiled from the brutality demonstrated by Sheriff Clark and his men.Rep. John Lewis of Georgia was one of the many...
  • Mitchell Gold on the Bible and Gay Rights

    For years, Mitchell Gold, a founder of the popular furniture company Mitchell Gold + Bob Williams, has been irritated by what he sees as fundamentalist Christians’ use of the Bible to justify withholding civil rights from gays. Scripture, Gold argues, was used in the past to defend slavery, prohibit interracial marriage and prevent women from voting. Frustrated that few politicians dare to confront anyone brandishing a Bible, in 2005 Gold formed the group Faith In America (FIA), which says its goals are to educate people about the past “misuse” of religion and scripture. FIA's latest campaign is centered on next week’s 40th anniversary of Loving v. Virginia, the Supreme Court decision that overturned Virginia’s ban on interracial marriage, which had been supported by a Virginia judge who ruled the intention of “Almighty God” was to keep the races separate. This week, FIA ran a series of full-page ads in Roll Call, the Capitol Hill newspaper, featuring a photo of former Florida...
  • Clift: God and Mike Huckabee

    The former Arkansas governor is an ordained Baptist minister who has eloquently handled questions about evolution in the GOP debates. But he's languishing in the polls. He thinks social conservatives could become irrelevant in the Republican Party. Is he right?
  • General Peter Pace, Casualty of War

    Gen. Peter Pace and Adm. Edmund Giambastiani, who climbed to the top rungs of the U.S. military in large part because of their proximity to Donald Rumsfeld, are now seeing their careers end for essentially the same reason. Rumsfeld's successor as Defense secretary, Robert Gates, realized that any attempt this fall to give General Pace two more years as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff would risk what Gates, with characteristic understatement, call "quite contentious" Senate confirmation hearings. His concerns, announced at the Pentagon on Friday afternoon, were almost certainly well-founded.Pace was widely disparaged on Capitol Hill as Rumsfeld's main man. The reputation is understandable; Pace did owe his promotion to chairman (the first Marine to ever hold the job) to the fact that, in his previous job as vice chairman, he found a way to get along with the demanding and irascible Rumsfeld, a knack that eluded most of Pace's colleagues. (Giambastiani, who announced his...
  • Fineman: The Politics of Pittsburgh

    A city down on its luck has an optimistic young leader. The scene there mirrors our national situation. Maybe we can all learn something from Luke Ravenstahl.
  • California's Famed Salton Sea Is Drying Up

    Norm Niver is old enough to remember when California’s Salton Sea was a rich ecosystem and a coveted tourist destination. The retired electronics-shop owner, 77, was a teenager when he first saw California’s largest lake—formed by accident when the Colorado River broke through a levee in 1905, flooding the low-lying Salton Sink southeast of Palm Springs. Niver recalls pleasant vacations fishing for saltwater species like orange mouth corvina, sargo and gulf croaker. Millions of migratory birds used the lake as substitute wetlands as development destroyed the state’s natural marshes. Humans flocked to the lake, too. In the 1950s, the Salton Sea was in vogue as “California’s Riviera.” Subdivisions and a fancy yacht club sprang up on the shores, and it became a playground for Rat Packers like Dean Martin and Frank Sinatra.But now, Niver says his paradise is "drying up and dwindling away." Increasing salinity, thanks to evaporation, salty agricultural runoff and lack of an outlet, has...
  • Book Report: What Hillary Has to Fear

    Supporters are breathing a sigh of relief that two new bios of Hillary Clinton don't deliver any salacious new nuggets. But they might expose something worse.
  • Debate Night: When Lightning Strikes

    In a presidential campaign season where debate fatigue already looms as a serious threat, there are occasionally moments of true spontaneity that make these events worth watching.At the third GOP presidential debate in New Hampshire on Tuesday night, it was mostly same-old, same-old, in spite of the all the preshow hype over a possible John McCain/Mitt Romney smackdown on immigration. But then Mother Nature stepped in.Asked to comment on a Roman Catholic bishop who compared his abortion stance to Pontius Pilate’s position on crucifying Jesus Christ, Rudy Giuliani opened his mouth to answer when lightning struck, quite literally, causing CNN’s sound system at the debate site to crackle and give out.Giuliani jokingly looked at the ceiling, as if he feared the wrath of a vengeful God—a fantastic bit of comic timing made even funnier when the boom of thunder and lightning interrupted his second attempt to answer the question. Amid more static from the sound system, McCain and Romney,...
  • The Making of the Brand

    NASCAR CEO Brian France joined us for a Live Talk on Monday, June 4. Read the transcript.
  • Fineman: Bracketology for the 2008 Race

    With 19 candidates and counting, the 2008 presidential race is tough to sort out—even for the political pros. A user's guide to the ultimate tournament.
  • Running Hard By Staying Out

    If you want to send a message in Washington, issue a press release—or go to the Palm. It's a restaurant where the jocular masks the manipulative: a stock exchange of politics, with bigger portions. It was perfect for Michael Bloomberg, the nominally Republican billionaire mayor of New York, who wants to run for president as an independent. Not long ago he asked Sen. Chuck Hagel, the maverick antiwar Republican, to dine with him there. They sat at a prominent table. Predictable things happened. The Washington Post ran a gossip item the next morning. TV bookers read it. "Face the Nation" booked Hagel, who praised Bloomberg as a man "not tied down and captive of a political ideology" and didn't say "no" to running mate. "It's a great country," he said, "to think about a New York boy and a Nebraska boy teaming up to lead the nation." Check, please!We are in the Palm phase of the 2008 campaign. Alluring (or merely diverting) scenarios of late-entering, out-of-the-box candidacies flow...
  • Online: Finding a Cheap Date

    If love don't cost a thing, why are online dating sites charging so many fees? The wave of the future, perhaps: free Internet dating. In April, craigslist saw 2.6 million personal ads posted, up from only 970,000 two years ago. Plentyoffish.com, a free dating site that was launched in 2003, now brings in 200,000 U.S. users a day—and $5 million to $10 million in advertising a year—according to its founder, Markus Frind, who runs the site by himself. "I think all the paid sites are going to go away," he says.Even Match.com is offering discounts to subscribers: six months free, if you don't find Prince (or Princess) Charming in the first six months. While the online-dating industry has been enormously successful so far—the market grew 10 percent last year to $649 million—the number of subscribers is expected to flatten after 2009, reports Jupiter Research. "The growth is not what it was before," says senior analyst David Card. How heartbreaking.
  • Climate: Get Out Your Handkerchiefs

    Daily life in the developed world has depended so much, for so long, on clean water that it is sometimes easy to forget how precious a commodity water is. The average American citizen doesn't have to work for his water; he has only to turn on the tap. But in much of the rest of the world, it isn't that simple. More than a billion people worldwide lack clean water, most of them in developing countries. The least fortunate may devote whole days to finding some.When they fail—and they fail more and more often now that rivers in Africa and Asia are slowly drying up after decades of mismanagement and climate change—they may turn to violence, fighting over the small amount that is left. Water has long been called the ultimate renewable resource. But as Fred Pearce writes in his book "When the Rivers Run Dry," if the world doesn't change, that saying may no longer apply.Like the famines of the '80s, the global water crisis is far more than a straightforward issue of scarcity. Accidents of...
  • When Baby Comes Back

    Doug Fox is your basic boomerang kid. One year after graduating from Franklin & Marshall College, he's comfortably ensconced in what used to be the private nanny wing of his parents' Falls Church, Va., home. They charge no rent and subsidize his cell phone and his car so he can test out life as a private-school teacher and coach earning $28,000 per year. His mother, Marjorie, a financial adviser, wrestles with the money and dependency issues that come with having a young adult in the house, but she's happy that he's there. "If you're financially able to help your child achieve his passion, what better way is there to use your money?" she asks.The Foxes have a lot of company. As starting salaries slump and housing costs rise, more than half of all college graduates are returning to their childhood bedrooms, according to Experience, Inc., a Boston recruiting firm. More than 1 million American homes housed young adults in 2006, up 28 percent from 2004, according to research firm...
  • D.C. Sex Scandal: An Escort's Perspective

    She was 34 when she signed up to be an escort for Miss "Julia," a.k.a. Deborah Jeane Palfrey, the alleged "D.C. Madam." The escort had a B.A., was making close to $60,000 a year as a financial consultant and belonged to the Rotary Club. She'd arrive at men's hotel rooms in her office clothes. "I'd look like one of their own," she told NEWSWEEK, requesting anonymity, "but I'd keep the sheepskin handcuffs and the little whips in my bag."Palfrey says she hired college-educated women to provide fantasy sex to clients, and denies running a prostitution ring. "It's not a way of putting women down," she told NEWSWEEK. "It's almost empowerment." Web sites like ifeminists.com reported the madam's travails, and feminist blogs have reveled in the outing of clients like Randall Tobias, who led the State Department's antiprostitution efforts while using the madam's services (only for massage, he says). "Why isn't anyone prosecuting him?" asks feminist writer Wendy Kaminer. The escort says she...
  • Mail Call: A New Look at Gender Identity

    Transgender readers were pleased to see our May 21 cover on the mystery of gender. "Thank you for showing the world that we are not freaks and weirdos," said one. A post-op transsexual woman added, "Gender is so much more than the public realizes and is prepared to accept. With articles like yours—and time—we will make progress." Other readers were touched by their stories. "I may not understand it," said one man, "but I salute the bravery and fortitude transgender people show just by getting out of bed and facing the world on their own terms every day."As a transgender woman I would like to thank you for your May 21 cover story ("The Mystery of Gender"). Far too many people have formed their opinions of people like myself from the likes of "The Jerry Springer Show" and endless other negative and sensationalistic portrayals that have been so prevalent in the media over the years. While my own transition has been an ongoing string of assaults (both verbal and physical), humiliations...
  • Sweet—And Steady

    Ronald Reagan's fans and foes disagree about almost everything, except this: they both tend to depict the 40th president as something of a one-dimensional figure. To those who love him, the Gipper is the hero who rescued America from self-doubt and the world from communism. To those who revile him, Reagan was a coldhearted cowboy who tried to classify ketchup as a vegetable for school kids and subverted Congress in the Iran-contra affair.The publication this week of "The Reagan Diaries" should give both sides reason to see the late president as a more complicated and more interesting man than either caricature would suggest. The journals, which Reagan kept throughout his White House years, are more record than reflection: he has his generation's tendency to avoid emotion; "a good time was had by all" is used here without irony. A performer, a public man—he was a lifeguard, a sportscaster, an actor and a politician—he seems to have always had an eye on his audience, and these...
  • Musings on the Democratic Debate

    Ah, the Democrats. So much promise, and yet they remain Democrats, at heart—and therefore perfectly capable of blowing the historic opportunity before them. I mean, here they are, with Bush in the basement at 28 percent or thereabouts. Even his most loyal lieutenants are leaving him. The Iraq war could hardly be more unpopular, and yet, miraculously, the leading GOP candidates for 2008 seem loath to distance themselves from the president's position—chaining themselves to what sure seems like a sinking ship. The Democrats' fund-raising is up. Congress is in their control. Corporate America is coming around on global warming. The Dems look to have as wide open a shot at winning the hearts and minds of the American people as they've had in a very long time.So who thought it would be a good idea to schedule a debate on a night when all anyone wants to do is watch the penultimate episode of the Sopranos?————————————————————————————Yes, this presidential election will be among the most...
  • Finding a Cheap Date

    If love don't cost a thing, why are online dating sites charging so many fees? The wave of the future, perhaps: free Internet dating. In April, craigslist saw 2.6 million personal ads posted, up from only 970,000 two years ago. Plentyoffish.com, a free dating site that was launched in 2003, now brings in 200,000 U.S. users a day—and $5 million to $10 million in advertising a year—according to its founder, Markus Frind, who runs the site by himself. "I think all the paid sites are going to go away," he says.Even Match.com is offering discounts to subscribers: six months free, if you don't find Prince (or Princess) Charming in the first six months. While the online-dating industry has been enormously successful so far—the market grew 10 percent last year to $649 million—the number of subscribers is expected to flatten after 2009, reports Jupiter Research. "The growth is not what it was before," says senior analyst David Card. How heartbreaking.
  • Tehran's Secret 'Department 9000'

    President bush said last week he expects a "bloody" summer in Iraq. What he didn't say is that a growing covert war between the United States and Iran may be one reason the conflict is escalating. U.S. intelligence has identified the principal unit behind Tehran's efforts to supply Shia insurgent cells in Iraq. It is a super secret group called Department 9000, which is part of the elite Quds Force of the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, according to three U.S. officials familiar with intelligence reporting and analysis on the Iraqi insurgency who asked for anonymity when discussing sensitive material. Department 9000 acts as a liaison between the insurgents and the IRGC, the Iranian regime's principal internal-security mechanism, providing guidance and support. More recently, says one of the officials, these secret Iranian paramilitaries have even begun to help Sunni insurgent groups in order to keep the Americans bogged down. "The new developments with Sunni groups are...
  • Health: Let The Bugs In

    Not all bacteria are unfriendly. Some, like probiotics, are good for us: they coat our digestive tracts and may ward off yeast infections, stomach upsets and allergies.The University of Michigan's Dr. Gary Huffnagle, author of "The Probiotics Revolution," says most adults don't get enough of them: "Your intestinal environment is shaped by what you eat, and foods high in refined sugar and antibiotics can kill off those good microbes." To help those good bugs flourish, eat probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, kimchi, pickles, miso soup and aged cheese. Or try supplements. For supplement reviews: consumerlabs.com/results/probiotics.asp.
  • Rivers of Doubt

    The common white sucker is nobody's favorite fish. It's a bottom feeder that trout fishermen in Colorado happily toss back into the water. But it's also what scientists call a sentinel—a species whose health (or lack thereof) can warn us about problems in the environment. So imagine the reaction of environmental endocrinologist David O. Norris of the University of Colorado when he discovered some alarming changes in the sucker population of Boulder Creek. Upstream, where the water flows pure and clear out of the Rocky Mountains, the ratio of males to females is 50-50, just as nature intended. Downstream, below the wastewater-treatment plant in Boulder, the females outnumber the males by 5 to 1. Even more worrisome, Norris found that about 10 percent of the fish were neither clearly male nor female, but had sexual characteristics of both. "On the one hand, we were excited [to make such a dramatic finding]," says Norris. "At the same time, we were appalled."There's something fishy in...
  • The Editor's Desk

    Long ago, Mary Carmichael, the author of both this week's cover story on pain and a long piece on the global water crisis, wanted to be a doctor. Medicine's loss was journalism's gain, but at a price: some sea urchins had to give their lives along the way.I will let her explain: "Before I wanted to be a journalist," Mary says, "I wanted to be a biologist. (It was my parents' fault; they had hundreds of dusty old copies of National Geographic in the attic.) I also thought about being a doctor. But when I got to my senior year in high school, I started an AP biology project breeding sea urchins and promptly managed to kill 45 of them by mistake. As ?sea urchins die, their spines all slowly fall off. You can imagine how traumatic this was—for them, obviously, but also for me—why medicine really wouldn't have been the right career path."The shift from possible practitioner to journalist is common in our world; Sharon Begley (who also has two significant offerings in the magazine this...
  • Web Sites: Virtual Real Estate

    Hunting for a new home? Real-estate Web sites are rolling out snazzy features, like satellite maps and home-value calculators, to make finding your next pad simple, educational and fun. A roundup.
  • The Checklist

    RENT "The Third Man" The new two-DVD set of the Carol Reed-Graham Greene 1949 classic stars Orson Welles as the charmingly immoral Harry Lime. Set in post-WWII Vienna, this atmospheric thriller is as good as it gets.HEAR "Perry Farrell's Satellite Party: Ultra Payloaded." Former Jane's Addiction frontman Farrell unleashes his newest art-rock experiment just in time for the revamped Lollapalooza. Think funk, garage rock, interplanetary party. A pure blast from pop's outer limits.READ "I Love You, Beth Cooper" by Larry Doyle. Nerd lets head cheerleader know he loves her—in a high-school graduation speech. High jinks ensue. Unoriginal, you say. You're mistaken. Fresh, sweet, seriously funny.GO to the Red Earth Festival, one of the nation's largest Native American heritage festivals, in Oklahoma City, June 1-3.TRY Pur's new Flavor Options. Add strawberry, raspberry or peach flavor to your filtered water without adding sugar, calories or dyes (pitcher, about $35; flavor cartridge, $10).
  • Israeli Veterans: PTSD and Paranoia

    Israelis have always been something of a reluctant authority on the subject of posttraumatic stress. Experts estimate that 15 percent of the Jewish state's combat wounded—more than 3,000 vets—suffer from some form of the disorder. It's unclear how much PTSD costs the country each year, but one veteran of Israel's Yom Kippur war, who didn't want to be identified to protect his privacy, told NEWSWEEK that he gets roughly $2,000 per month. His symptoms, he says, began with headaches and nightmares, and later developed into severe asocial behavior. "I didn't understand what was happening to me," he recalls. Eventually he began avoiding even the most benign gatherings like barbecues, he says, because they reminded him of "the barbecue of human beings." At times, he felt as if he were being followed.Actually, he was being followed. In a petition filed last week with Israel's High Court of Justice, a veterans group accuses Israel's Defense Ministry of hiring private investigators to tail...
  • How to Increase Paranoia

    Israelis have always been something of a reluctant authority on the subject of posttraumatic stress. Experts estimate that 15 percent of the Jewish state's combat wounded—more than 3,000 vets—suffer from some form of the disorder. It's unclear how much PTSD costs the country each year, but one veteran of Israel's Yom Kippur war, who didn't want to be identified to protect his privacy, told NEWSWEEK that he gets roughly $2,000 per month. His symptoms, he says, began with headaches and nightmares, and later developed into severe asocial behavior. "I didn't understand what was happening to me," he recalls. Eventually he began avoiding even the most benign gatherings like barbecues, he says, because they reminded him of "the barbecue of human beings." At times, he felt as if he were being followed.Actually, he was being followed. In a petition filed last week with Israel's High Court of Justice, a veterans group accuses Israel's Defense Ministry of hiring private investigators to tail...
  • Rivers of Doubt

    When Lewis Ziska wanted to see how a warmer world with more carbon dioxide in the air would affect certain plants, he didn't set up his experiment in a greenhouse or boot up a computer model. He headed for Baltimore. Cities are typically 7 degrees warmer than the countryside, as well as big sources of CO2. Although global levels of this greenhouse gas have reached 380 parts per million compared with preindustrial levels of 280, cities have way more—450 in Baltimore, 550 in Phoenix, 700 on a bad day in New York. So Ziska, a plant physiologist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, compared ragweed growing in vacant lots in Baltimore with ragweed in rural fields—and discovered the dark side of sunny claims that global warming will produce a "greening of planet Earth." Urban ragweed grows three to five times bigger than rural ragweed, starts spewing allergenic pollen weeks earlier each spring and produces 10 times more pollen. In as few as 20 years the whole world will have CO2levels...
  • A Nobel Winner Pioneers the Personal Genome

    It would be a mistake to think that reaching the age of 79 has mellowed James Watson. Fifty-four years after he discovered, with Francis Crick, the structure of DNA, and 45 years after sharing the Nobel Prize for it, he delights in provocation just as much as when he made his reputation as the bad boy of molecular biology, bulldozing colleagues and competitors (and using crucial data generated by one, Rosalind Franklin) in his headlong race to the double helix. In the years since, Watson built Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York into a biology powerhouse, briefly led the Human Genome Project—and endorsed designer babies, genetic engineering to make "all girls pretty" and curing "stupidity" through genetics. Which makes his words this rainy May morning at the lab all the more surprising.Two years ago Watson agreed to become the first person to have his genome sequenced and made public. A biotech company, 454 Life Sciences, has now determined, from a blood sample, every one of...
  • Perspectives: Quotes in the News

    "There were times I crossed the line."Monica Goodling, a former Justice Department aide, testifying before Congress that she inappropriately made political beliefs a factor in hiring"There has been no water and electricity since Sunday, and we don't know what is happening until we get in and get the wounded out."John Holmes, the U.N. under-secretary-general for humanitarian affairs, on the nearly 30,000 Palestinian refugees living in Lebanon who began to flee their camp after the Lebanese military attacked Islamic militants in the area"It could be a bloody—it could be a very difficult August." ...