33 Places in the U.S. Where the Minimum Wage Is Already $15 an Hour—or More

A decision this week by the Senate parliamentarian, its chief rule enforcer, makes it highly unlikely that an increase in the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour by 2025 will remain in the final version of President Joe Biden's $1.9 trillion economic relief plan. But in 33 places in the U.S., minimum wage workers don't have to wait for Congress to act to earn $15 an hour—they're already at that benchmark, with another three locales joining them later this year.

Democrats have vowed to keep fighting to raise the federal minimum wage, which has been stuck at $7.25 an hour for more than a decade—either to keep the increase as part of the current bill or to introduce separate legislation to raise the bar later this year. In the meantime, though, a number of states and localities have taken matters into their own hands: Currently, 29 states have a minimum wage higher than that of the federal government, as do some 45 cities and counties.

California minimum wage
The minimum wage in California, already the highest of any state at $14 an hour, will hit $15 next year. But cities in the Golden State have minimum wage laws that already mandate $15 an hour or more in 2021. FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP via Getty Images

Not one of those states, though, currently mandates a minimum wage of $15 an hour. The closest—California—pays $14 an hour. But some three dozen individual counties and cities (mostly in California) as well the federal district do have laws on the books mandating a $15-an-hour minimum wage this year—and at least nine other states and four cities have passed laws that will bring the minimum wage in those areas up to that benchmark over the next few years.

Here are all 33 places where minimum-wage workers earn at least $15 an hour in 2021, as well as three areas that will hit $15 later this year, plus the 13 states and cities that will join their ranks over the next few years.

Flagstaff, Arizona

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $13 to $15 on January 1, 2021

Alameda, California

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $13.50 to $15 on July 1, 2020

Belmont, California

Minimum wage: $15.90
Most recent increase: $15 to $15.90 on January 1, 2021

Berkeley, California

Minimum wage: $16.07
Most recent increase:$15.59 to $16.07 on July 1, 2020

Cupertino, California

Minimum wage: $15.65
Most recent increase: $15.35 to $15.65 on January 1, 2021

El Cerrito, California

Minimum wage: $15.61
Most recent increase: $15.37 to $15.61 on January 1, 2021

Emeryville, California

Minimum wage: $16.84
Most recent increase: $16.30 to $16.84 on July 1, 2020

Fremont, California

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $13.50 to $15 on July 1, 2020

Hayward, California

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $13 to $15 on January 1, 2021

Los Altos, California

Minimum wage: $15.65
Most recent increase: $15.40 to $15.65 on January 1, 2021

Los Angeles, California

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $14.25 to $15 on July 1, 2020

Los Angeles County, California

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $14.25 to $15 on July 1, 2020

Malibu, California

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $14.25 to $15 on July 1, 2020

Milpitas, California

Minimum wage: $15.40
Most recent increase: $15 to $15.40 on July 1, 2020

Mountain View, California

Minimum wage: $16.30
Most recent increase: $16.05 to $16.30 on January 1, 2021

Novato, California

Minimum wage: $15.24
Most recent increase: $15 to $15.24 on January 1, 2021

Palo Alto, California

Minimum wage: $15.65
Most recent increase: $15.40 to $15.65 on January 1, 2021

Pasadena, California

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $14.25 to $15 on July 1, 2020

Petaluma, California

Minimum wage: $15.20
Most recent increase: $15.00 to $15.20 on January 1, 2021

Redwood City, California

Minimum wage: $15.62
Most recent increase: $15.38 to $15.62 on January 1, 2021

Richmond, California

Minimum wage: $15.21
Most recent increase: $15 to $15.21 on January 1, 2021

San Francisco, California

Minimum wage: $16.07
Most recent increase: $15.59 to $16.07 on July 1, 2020

San Jose, California

Minimum wage:$15.45
Most recent increase: $15.25 to $15.45 on January 1, 2021

San Leandro, California

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $14 to $15 on July 1, 2020

San Mateo, California

Minimum wage: $15.62
Most recent increase: $15.38 to $15.62 on January 1, 2021

Santa Clara, California

Minimum wage: $15.65
Most recent increase: $15.40 to $15.65 on January 1, 2021

Santa Monica, California

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $14.25 to $15 on July 1, 2020

Santa Rosa, California

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $13 to $15 on July 1, 2020

Sonoma, California

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $13.50 to $15 on January 1, 2021

Sunnyvale, California

Minimum wage: $16.30
Most recent increase: $16.05 to $16.30 on January 1, 2021

New York City, New York

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $13 to $15 on December 31, 2018

Seattle, Washington

Minimum wage: $16.69
Most recent increase: $16.39 to $16.69 on January 1, 2021

Washington D.C.

Minimum wage: $15
Most recent increase: $14 to $15 on July 1, 2020

Places that will offer a $15-an-hour minimum wage later this year:

Chicago, Illinois

Current minimum wage: $14
New minimum wage: $15
Date of increase: July 1
Last increase: $13 to $14 on July 1, 2020

Montgomery County, Maryland

Current minimum wage: $14
New minimum wage: $15
Date of increase: July 1
Last increase: $13 to $14 on July 1, 2020

Nassau, Suffolk and Westchester Counties, New York

Current minimum wage: $14
New minimum wage: $15
Date of increase: December 31
Last increase: $13 to $14 on December 31, 2020

Places that will increase the minimum wage to $15 an hour in future years:

California
Minimum wage: $14.00
Most recent increase: $13 to $14 on January 1, 2021
Upcoming increases:
$15 on January 1, 2022

Connecticut
Minimum wage: $12
Most recent increase: $11 to $12 on September 1, 2020
Upcoming increases:
$13 on August 1, 2021
$14 on July 1, 2022
$15 on June 1, 2023

Florida
Minimum wage: $8.56
Most recent increase: $8.46 to $8.56 on January 1, 2020
Upcoming increases:
$10 on September 30, 2021
$11 on September 30, 2022
$12 on September 30, 2023
$13 on September 30, 2024
$14 on September 30, 2025
$15 onSeptember 30, 2026

Illinois
Minimum wage: $11
Most recent increase: $10 to $11 on January 1, 2021
Upcoming increases:
$12 on January 1, 2022
$13 on January 1, 2023
$14 on January 1, 2024
$15 on January 1, 2025

Maryland
Minimum wage: $11.75
Most recent increase: $11 to $11.75 on January 1, 2021
Upcoming increases:
$12.50 on January 1, 2022
$13.25 on January 1, 2023
$14 on January 1, 2024
$15 on January 1, 2025

Massachusetts
Minimum wage: $13.50
Most recent increase: $12.75 to $13.50 on January 1, 2021
Upcoming increases:
$14.25 on January 1, 2022
$15.00 on January 1, 2023

New Jersey
Minimum wage: $12
Most recent increase: $11 to $12 on January 1, 2021
Upcoming increases:
$13 on January 1, 2022
$14 on January 1, 2023
$15 on January 1, 2024

New York
Minimum wage: $12.50
Most recent increase: $11.80 to $12.50 on December 31, 2020
Upcoming increases: Annual indexing to keep pace with inflation until the minimum wage reaches but does not exceed $15 an hour

Virginia
Minimum wage: $7.25
Most recent increase: 2009
Upcoming increases
$9.50 on May 1, 2021
$11 on January 1, 2022
$12 on January 1, 2023
$13.50 on January 1, 2025
$15 on January 1, 2026

Denver, Colorado
Minimum wage: $14.77
Most recent increase: $12.85 to $14.77 on January 1, 2021
Upcoming increases
$15.87 on January 1, 2022

Portland, Maine
Minimum wage: $12.15
Most recent increase: $12 to $12.15, on January 1, 2021
Upcoming increases
$13 on January 1, 2022
$14 on January 1, 2023
$15 on January 1, 2024

Minneapolis, Minnesota
Minimum wage: $13.25
Most recent increase: $12.25 to $13.25 on July 1, 2020
Upcoming increases:
$14.25 on July 1, 2021
$15 on July 1, 2022

St. Paul, Minnesota
Minimum wage: $12.50
Most recent increase: $9.86 to $12.50 on January 1, 2020
Upcoming increases:
$15 on July 1, 2022