After Electing Trump, Republicans Deeply Divided on Immigration, Other Major Issues, Study Shows

Majority of Americans want Republicans and Democrats to work together on health care
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, accompanied by Senators John Cornyn and John Barrasso, speaks with reporters on Capitol Hill on July 25. A new Pew study finds that two main groups on the right overwhelmingly approve of Trump even while they disagree on many major issues. Aaron P. Bernstein/ REUTERS

Nearly a year after President Donald Trump won the election, the Republican Party stands deeply divided on major issues that were at the forefront of his campaign, including immigration, the fairness of the American economic system and the U.S.'s role in the world.

Those fissures show in the Pew Research Center's new political typology, which sorts Americans into groups based on their party affiliation, attitudes and values, and shows that "even in a political landscape increasingly fractured by partisanship, the divisions within the Republican and Democratic coalitions may be as important a factor in American politics as the divisions between them."

Published on Tuesday, the Pew study finds that two main groups on the right—so-called Core Conservatives, the most traditional voters, and so-called Country First Conservatives, who are older and less educated—overwhelmingly approve of Trump even while they disagree on many major issues.

Only 43 percent of Core Conservatives agreed with the idea that immigrants are a burden to the U.S. because they take jobs and housing, while 76 percent of Country First Conservatives felt that way. Regarding whether homosexuality should be discouraged by society, 37 percent of Core Conservatives agreed, versus 70 percent of Country First Conservatives.

Three-fourths of Core Conservatives believe the U.S.'s economic system is fair to most Americans, while only 48 percent of Country First Conservatives say so. Regarding the statement that U.S. involvement in the global economy is good for new markets and growth, 68 percent of Core Conservatives agreed, compared to 39 percent of Country First Conservatives.

5/ The Republican coalition is internally divided on issues like immigration, America’s role in the world & fairness of the U.S. tax system

— Pew Research Center (@pewresearch) October 24, 2017

Meanwhile, the Democratic Party was largely united in opposition to Trump and supported the social safety net, but differed on other issues including government regulation of business and overall government performance.

Ninety-six percent of so-called Solid Liberals—the largest group of Democrats, they are mainly white, highly educated and finically comfortable—agreed that government regulation of business is in the public interest, versus 76 percent of so-called Opportunity Democrats, who are less affluent, less politically engaged and less liberal.

They were even more sharply divided on the idea that hard work and determination are no guarantee of success for most people: 73 percent of Solid Liberals agreed, compared to 22 percent of Opportunity Democrats.

6/ In the Democratic coalition, there are internal divisions over U.S. global involvement, government performance and regulation

— Pew Research Center (@pewresearch) October 24, 2017

Differing views were also apparent among two other conservative groups and two other liberal groups identified in the study.

"The power of partisanship is reflected in attitudes about Donald Trump," the study states. "Trump's job ratings are more deeply polarized along partisan lines than those of any president in more than 60 years."

According to @pewresearch my political views are closest to those of Opportunity Democrats. See where you fit.

— Dominus (@ytdominus) October 24, 2017

Drawing from surveys of more than 5,000 adults in June and July, the Pew study points out that the fissures in some cases were also evident in six previous analyses by the center over the past three decades, the most recent of which was in 2014.

"Yet, especially within the GOP, many of the divisions now center on the issues that have been front-and-center for Trump since he first launched his presidential campaign," the study states.