Beyond the Ghetto: A New Polish Portal Rebuilds Shtetls With Wiki Power. And Lots and Lots of Photos.

Mention Polish Jews and you'll likely think of death camps and ghettoes. The four-month-old Virtual Shtetl Web site tells much, much more about the 1,000 years of Jewish history in Poland—a country that once offered the community religious refuge in medieval times and later became home to the world's biggest Jewish community. Like so many others in Europe, that community was almost obliterated during World War II. Virtual Shtetl creator Albert Stankowski knows it will never...

Luis Moreno-Ocampo: The Global Lawman

Midway through his nine-year term as prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Luis Moreno-Ocampo is ebullient about the prospects—and progress—of the tribunal. As bureaucracies go, he says, the court has moved faster than expected against those accused of war crimes. In New York last week to testify to the United Nations Security Council on Sudan, Moreno-Ocampo, 55, spoke to NEWSWEEK's Arlene Getz and Jonathan Tepperman about the work of the court and its evolving relationship...

Do-Gooders Gone Bad

Activists have brought issues like Darfur into living rooms. But they may be doing more harm than good.

Darfur: Packaging a Tragedy

What the Save Darfur movement did right, where it went wrong—and what its strategy can teach us about the future of political advocacy.

I Had a Home in Africa

The wall around the ha- rare cemetery is gone. Corn grows among the graves. From the soiled clumps of paper and the fetid smell, it's clear the burial ground in Zimbabwe is being used as an open-air toilet. The garden of remembrance is still shaded by wild musasa trees, but the brass plaques inscribed with the names of the cremated are missing—every single one. Thieves melted them down, explains a cemetery worker, "to make brass handles for coffins for the people who died of this AIDS."Peter...

Books: A Haunting Zimbabwe Memoir

The wall around the Harare cemetery is gone. Corn grows among the graves. From the soiled clumps of paper and the fetid smell, it's clear the burial ground in Zimbabwe is being used as an open-air toilet. The garden of remembrance is still shaded by wild musasa trees, but the brass plaques inscribed with the names of the cremated are missing—every single one. Thieves melted them down, explains a cemetery worker, "to make brass handles for coffins for the people who died of this AIDS."Peter...

In Search of an Online Utopia

Jimmy Wales describes himself as a pathological optimist. He\'d have to be. The 40-year-old former options trader is the founder of Wikipedia , the free online encyclopedia that allows anyone to edit any entry—a by-the-people-for-the-people approach that Wales describes as a bid to give everyone free access to the sum of all human knowledge.The Wikipedia phenom currently has more than 5 million entries in multiple languages and draws an estimated 7 billion page views a month. Now...

This Week Online

F.W. de Klerk, Former president, South Africa: Since there's no allegation that Iran actually has nuclear weapons, the debate is about Iran enriching uranium, and the suspicion that it is moving toward a nuclear capability. This differs from the situation in South Africa when I became president in 1989. We had six nuclear bombs on the shelf and the seventh was near completion. It was not my decision to build the bomb; I did not have the power to stop it. I was never enthusiastic about it. But...

Water, War and Politics

The fly just wouldn't quit. First it perched on Laura Bush's nose, then her upper lip. The First Lady did her best to ignore it, smoothly continuing with her message about the need for women's rights to Middle Eastern leaders gathered in Jordan last Saturday. "Freedom, especially freedom for women, is more than the absence of oppression," she said. "It's the right to speak and vote and worship freely." Her speech, however, soon was punctuated by abrupt little hand waves--puzzling her audience...

'Extremism is a Challenge'

When Laura Bush addressed Middle Eastern leaders in Jordan on Saturday, she praised Afghanistan's new government for its progress in extending rights to women after the toppling of the Taliban. But the government faces increased internal and external pressures from Taliban remnants and radical fundamentalism. Afghanistan Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah talked to Newsweek's Arlene Getz at the World Economic Forum meeting in Jordan.What are Afghanistan's greatest priorities right now?That is...

'Religion is Morally Neutral'

During the harshest years of apartheid, Desmond Tutu was always an outspoken voice of conscience. The 73-year-old Anglican archbishop faced down dirty tricks, arrests and assassination threats to lead protest marches and highlight racial injustice in his native South Africa. And when his country finally became a democracy in 1994, Tutu went on to chair the Truth and Reconciliation Commission--a widely-admired panel that granted amnesty to human rights violators and set a global model for other...

'A Long Road Ahead'

When Bashar Assad became president of Syria four years ago, world leaders were optimistic he would reform the Baathist regime his authoritarian father, Hafiz Assad, ran for three decades. That optimism has since faded, and Washington's relations with Damascus have now declined to the point where President George W. Bush this week ordered sanctions against Syria.The White House says it has taken the step because of what it sees as Syria's support for militant Palestinian groups like Hamas,...

'From Mistake To Mistake'

Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah is one of the most senior religious authorities among Shiite Muslims. Based in Beirut, he won a wide public following for his role as the spiritual leader of Hizbullah, the militant group best known for its resistance to Israel's occupation of southern Lebanon. Fadlallah is no longer so closely associated with Hizbullah, but, in the hierarchical Shia world, his teachings still carry enormous weight.That status could have a significant impact in Iraq,...

'I Cried'

We drove in a tight convoy behind Archbishop Desmond Tutu, masking our nervousness behind lame jokes. It was April 27, 1994, and we were traveling to Guguletu, the racially fraught South African township where black youths had stoned and stabbed a white American to death just a few months earlier. This time, the neighborhood was making news for a different reason: the archbishop--a 62-year-old Nobel laureate--was finally going to be allowed to vote in the country of his birth. "The day has...

Shooting Sacred Cows

Jonathan Shapiro spends his days poking fun at the powerful and famous. Arguably South Africa's best-known syndicated political cartoonist, he has used satire to point out the horrors of his country's old apartheid regime and the flaws and foibles of its new government. It hasn't always been easy: back in the 1980s, the white government arrested and jailed him; today he agonizes over criticizing leaders he admires.Shapiro, who draws under the name of Zapiro, doesn't only direct his barbs at his...

Until Next Year

It's probably a stretch to use fashion as a metaphor for events in Davos. But what decision-makers and power-brokers wore-and didn't wear-might function as one indicator of the mood at a meeting that ended with ski races and funicular rides in the Swiss resort town yesterday.What organizers didn't want participants to wear this year were ties. The idea, they said, was to create a less formal, roll-up-your-sleeves-and-get-to-work atmosphere A large TIES FORBIDDEN sign greeted participants at the...

'Tomorrow's Threat'

Bruce Hoffman has been studying terrorism for almost three decades. In the early 1990s, he was one of the first analysts to predict that religiously motivated groups might start using weapons of mass destruction. At the World Economic Forum meeting in Davos this week, he played a key role in panels on the topic, moderating discussions on setting the agenda for the war on terror and the resilience of groups like Al Qaeda. "Terrorism is constantly evolving," he says. "Our responses have to be...

Philosopher President

His speech was couched in erudite philosophical terms. But when Mohammed Khatami delivered his keynote address to the political and business elites gathered in Davos on Wednesday, there was no mistaking the Iranian president's political subtext. "Democratic norms are not identical packaged goods ready for export," Khatami said at the formal opening session of the World Economic Forum's annual meeting here. "True partnership calls for genuine dialogue."Khatami could have been expressing...

A Complex Agenda

Klaus Schwab has always been the public face of the high-profile meetings in Davos. The founder and executive chairman of the World Economic Forum, he was the initiator more than 30 years ago of the idea of bringing together Europe's chief executives to discuss global business strategies in the Swiss resort town.Schwab established the WEF in 1971 as a nonprofit foundation, eventually expanding its annual gatherings into intense events attended by CEOs and political leaders from around the...

Q&Amp;A: On The Road Again

The boom days certainly aren't back. But Americans are less leery of leaving home this summer than they were a year ago, when fears of another terror attack were sharper and war with Iraq was looming. According to a forecast by the Travel Industry Association (TIA), tourists across the nation will take 275.4 million leisure trips in June, July and August--an increase of 2.5 percent over last summer.Overall, a TIA survey found that 80 percent of Americans say they plan to make at least one...

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