Bosnia: An Unholy Alliance

This is Bosnia's endgame. Last week, in the Croat-held town of Kiseljak about T18 miles northwest of Sarajevo, three Serbian tanks pulled up to a checkpoint manned by Croatian Defense Council soldiers. No shots were fired. Instead, the tanks proceeded south to a front line where the Croat and Muslim-led government forces have been pounding each other for weeks. The Serbs returned the favor, allowing 20 busloads of Croat troops to pass unmolested through a Serbian checkpoint near the Bosnian...

Germany's Furies

First came the crash of a firebomb. Then the roar of spreading flames. And finally, the phone call: "Fire in Ratzeburger Street! Heil Hitler!" Those words, called in to the fire department in the small Baltic town of Molln, resounded across Germany last week. They announced much more than the arson attack that killed two Turkish girls and a 51-year-old grandmother. They were a cry of rightist revolt that jolted Germans into a frightening realization: the 1,800 attacks this year on foreigners...

Why Are the Camps Still Full?

Grizzled and hollow-cheeked, Mehmet is 30 but looks about 50. That isn't surprising, given his ordeal. Mehmet is from Kozarac, a Muslim town in northern Bosnia that was "ethnically cleansed" by Serb forces last June. Mehmet says the Serbs looted his house, knocked out his front teeth with a pistol butt, locked him overnight in a bathroom with two mutilated corpses and then took him to the notorious Omarska prison camp. There, he says, he was forced to take his cousin to the camp's "House of...

Now, A Second Front

The convoy of buses had been wandering the remote area of Bosnia for three days, looking for a safe road to Travnik, a town 45 miles northwest of Sarajevo. The passengers thought the Muslim-Croat alliance in Bosnia guaranteed some measure of security for their journey. They were wrong. In the village of Torine, they stopped to smoke cigarettes and chat with Muslim guerrillas and local residents. Suddenly, an artillery shell erupted in dust and shrapnel only 50 yards away, and everyone bolted...

The Money Of Collor

A little more than two years ago, Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello came to power on a vow to clean up corruption in Brazil. Today, the dashing 43-year-old free marketer has not only failed to live up to that promise-he also faces well-documented accusations that he ripped off the government on a grand scale himself A Brazilian congressional commission has found that Collor personally benefited from an influence-peddling ring operated within the government by his former campaign...

The 'Self-Coup' That Rocked Peru

Bernard Aronson, the Bush administration's point man for democracy in Latin America, was wondering why the Peruvian government had asked him to postpone his visit to Lima last week. As Aronson sipped a nightcap in Lima with U.S. Ambassador Anthony Quainton, he found out: Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori went on national television to announce an autogolpe--a "self-coup." With military backing, Fujimori dissolved Congress, suspended civil liberties and established government by decree....

The Soldiers' Story: An Army In Chaos

A soldier's life is seldom easy, but the Peruvian troops in the Andean town of Puquio are downright pitiable. Short of food, bullets and boots, they are paid $23 a month to battle Shining Path guerrillas. Fighting spirit is also running low. When a guerrilla column attacked Puquio one night in January, not a soldier stirred. The troops sabotaged their radio so orders to fight could not reach them, according to Peruvian congressional accounts of the incident. The insurgents blew up a bank and...

One Giant Leap For Mankind

It was a heady moment-that instant I realized I was about to race down the narrow basement corridor of Perfect Tommy's, a bar on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, spring onto a trampoline and backflip smack into a Velcro-striped wall. There I stood in a Velcro-covered jumpsuit, adrenaline and Amstel Light pumping in my veins. Tipsy twentysomethings lined the runway, chanting my name. I jogged, bounced, flipped, lost all sense of where I was ... and, despite help from two safety spotters, stuck...

The Newest War

The American-led battle to oust Saddam Hussein's forces from Kuwait is an increasingly distant memory. U.S. troops may soon be airlifting food to another crumbling former foe, the Soviet Union. But the U.S. military is still at war-against the drug lords of Latin America. On the waters of the Caribbean Sea, ships and AWACS planes of the Navy's Atlantic Command search for drug planes and boats, while a military radar aerostat balloon hovers above. In the desert Southwest, Marines and Army...

Rejecting The Refugees

Is Albert Auguste a freedom lover or a fortune seeker? Last week the U.S. Coast Guard returned the 31-year-old to Haiti after plucking him and 141 others from a homemade wooden boat bobbing off the coast of Florida. It was his second repatriation. The first time, Haiti, the poorest nation in the hemisphere, was ruled by dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier. Today Haiti is under the control of a violent group of military coup makers against whom the U.S. government has organized a trade embargo. To the...

Cloakrooms And Daggers

HELP WANTED: Secretary-General, the United Nations. Salary: $190,000 per year. Benefits: enormous prestige, opportunities for travel. Responsibilities: flexible. Qualifications: international diplomat with friends in high places but no opinions that might offend the governments of the United States, Britain, France, China or the Soviet Union. Must speak French. Formal applications not encouraged; whispering campaigns will be considered, provided they do not breach boundaries of good taste. (The...

Haiti: Why The Coup Matters

France's ambassador to Haiti was one of the first to see armored cars moving in on President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Port-au-Prince home. He raced to the house and managed to pull the president into his bulletproof car, but not before soldiers had killed one Aristide bodyguard. On a frantic ride to the presidential palace, Aristide, his suit splattered with his bodyguard's blood, watched as soldiers fired at civilians. At the palace, the president was suddenly arrested by troops apparently led...

A Victim Of Preference

One spring day in 1976, Stephen Carter's phone rang. It was, seemingly, a miracle: a Harvard Law School official, calling to apologize for rejecting his application and to offer him a spot in the class. But the miracle was a stinging insult in disguise. "We assumed from your record that you were white," the official explained. In other words, Carter writes today, "Stephen Carter, the white male, was not good enough for the Harvard Law School; Stephen Carter, the black male ... rated agonized...

A Marriage On The Rocks

George Bush has made only four Oval Office addresses to the nation, two of them to rally the people against Saddam Hussein. Last week he was contemplating a fifth TV appeal, this time to take on an old ally: Israel. Washington and Jerusalem have been at odds ever since Bush's angry demand that Israel postpone its request for $10 billion in U.S. loan guarantees to resettle Soviet Jews in Israel. The president sees Israel's settlements on its occupied territories as a major obstacle to...

The Last Gulag

Revelations about China's brutal labor camps raise questions about Bush's tolerance for Beijing Watchtowers and brick walls line the lonely gray highway between Qinghai and Tibet in northwestern China. In the fields, the prisoners, in tattered blue uniforms, shuffle to work under the harsh gaze of their guards. Most of the inmates in China's labor reform camps are common criminals; but according to secret Chinese documents obtained by NEWSWEEK, perhaps 100,000 of the estimated 10 million...

How The West Can Win The New World Order

As the Soviet Union is crumbling, so is a basic conception which has guided Western foreign policy for the better part of five decades: that a single government would enforce its writ across the gigantic land stretching between Poland and Vladivostok. In the pre-Gorbachev past, a seemingly permanent Soviet Union served as the common enemy whose menace kept Europe and the United States together. More recently the New World Order was also premised on the existence of a unitary Soviet Union: this...

Peru:Into The Cross-Fire

Late last month 20 members of Peru's mysterious guerrilla group, Shining Path, stormed an experimental farm in Huaral, 50 miles north of Lima, the country's capital. They executed three visiting agronomists from Japan. They blew up research laboratories. Then they escaped. It seemed a senseless act, almost guaranteed to alienate the very peasants guerrillas normally court. But to Shining Path, the agronomists were imperialists propping up the "fascist" government of President Alberto Fujimori....

A Moment Of Truth?

The moment Yitzhak Shamir dreaded had arrived: President Hafez Assad of Syria agreed to U.S. proposals for a Mideast peace conference. His enemy's concession confronted the Israeli prime minister with a dilemma: how to avoid snubbing his American patrons without setting his country on the road to territorial compromises. Palestine Liberation Organization Chairman Yasir Arafat was no less flustered. Isolated by his support for Saddam Hussein in the gulf war, he had to keep a hand in the...

Cholera Stalks A Continent

As many as 40,000 may die in the next three yearsIn a slum near Peru's capital, Lima, Julio Mendoza helps his elderly parents hobble out of the only hospital serving a million people. Two days earlier Mendoza watched his wife collapse and die of cholera. Now a doctor tells him that there is no room for his infected parents; the hospital is reserving its 45 available beds for the critically ill, because health workers are on strike. Back in the Mendozas' shack, another child has fallen ill...

How War Changes America

The best description of the gulf war's impact on American society came from President Bush himself: "We've kicked the Vietnam syndrome once and for all." For half a generation, the memory of defeat in Vietnam--and the deep national divisions exposed and fed by that defeat--haunted the United States at home and abroad. A "can't do" spirit seemed to dog the government's efforts. But suddenly, Americans believe again that they can, and should, solve nagging problems at home as competently and...

Air Power Faces Its Biggest Test

The allies' first strike will come from the skiesThe sign at a U.S. airfield in Saudi Arabia says it all: SEND US IN TO KICK SOME OR SEND US HOME TO GET SOME. Fighter jocks have always been a gung-ho breed. But as war looms, the confidence of American pilots in the Persian Gulf is soaring. At one frontline air base in Saudi Arabia, pilots of the 71st Tactical Fighter Squadron have already designed a symbol to paint on their fuselages after each Iraqi jet they shoot down: a neat triangle of...

Saddam's Endgame

Who is Saddam Hussein? Five months after he invaded Kuwait, changing the course of a turbulent year and perhaps the politics of the Middle East forever, no one really knows for sure. Is he a madman, a latter-day Hitler? Or is he a calculating student of power--an Arab Bismarck? In August Saddam ruthlessly seized his lightly defended neighbor, but before he moved he took care to hedge his bets. First he sent out a steady stream of false assurances about his intentions. Then he did his best to...