California Changes to Unemployment Could Pay Out Benefits Faster to 100,000 People

The Employment Development Department (EDD) in California announced Thursday that it will keep paying people unemployment while their eligibility is under investigation, which could pay out benefits faster to 100,000 people, the Associated Press reported.

The change was the result of a lawsuit settlement between the state and an advocacy group, the Center for Workers' Rights.

The change applies only to people who have been certified for benefits and have already received at least one week of payment. Daniela Urban, the executive director to the Center for Workers' Rights, said it could affect up to 100,000 people.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

California Changes Unemployment Benefits Claims Investigations
California Gov. Gavin Newsom's administration announced a major changed to how the state pays unemployment benefits that could unlock faster payments to 100,000 people. Above, Newsom attends a press conference for the official reopening of the state of California at Universal Studios Hollywood on June 15, in Universal City, California. Alberto E. Rodriguez/Getty Images

California Gov. Gavin Newsom's administration on Thursday announced a major change in how the state pays unemployment benefits, potentially unlocking payments for up to 100,000 people who have gone weeks or months without assistance.

Getting unemployment benefits is a two-step process. First, state officials must decide if people are eligible. If they are, the state starts paying them. But those people must contact the state every two weeks to confirm they are still eligible to keep getting paid.

Sometimes, state officials must investigate residents' eligibility after they have been paid. When this happens, the state stops paying them until the investigation is complete. Before the pandemic, these investigations usually did not take too long. But during the pandemic, the state has been overwhelmed with millions of claims that have caused lengthy delays.

"This is a monumental change by EDD that will allow more claimants to be paid on time," Urban said.

Unemployment claims skyrocketed across the country during the pandemic, causing backlogs in many states. Claims have slowed since then, but California still has more than 3 million people receiving some form of unemployment benefits. The state has had a persistent backlog throughout the pandemic.

The change is not without risk for Newsom, who is facing a recall election in September. The governor has been heavily criticized for failing to stop billions of dollars in fraudulent benefit payments to prison inmates and others who were not eligible to receive them. But he's also faced complaints for a growing backlog of people with legitimate claims who have been unable to get paid because of a complex bureaucracy overwhelmed by the pandemic.

"There's a continuing trade-off between rapid payment of unemployment insurance claims and anti-fraud protocols," said Michael Bernick, a former Employment Development Department director who is now an attorney for the Duane Morris law firm. "This action today in paying continuing claims that have had previous verifications seems to have low fraud risks, while reducing the backlogs."

It's possible this action will cause the state to pay people who are not eligible. In a news release, the EDD said people who get benefits when they are not eligible could have to pay those back at some point. But it is possible to waive repayment if people claim financial hardship and the overpayment was not the result of fraud.

State Assemblyman Jim Patterson, a Republican from Fresno, said the state's action is a "stunning admission that they can't do their fundamental task" of paying legitimate claims while rooting out fraud.

"Now to clear their giant backlog, they're going to take the dangerous risk of paying fraudsters, too," Patterson said.

Since March 2020, more than 23 million people have filed unemployment claims in California, and the state has paid $160 billion in benefits. Meanwhile, more than 226,000 people are still waiting for the state to resolve their claims and pay them.

They include 57-year-old Abdulkarim Adam, who lost his job as a bus driver for a private company during the pandemic. The state stopped paying him unemployment benefits in March and never told him why, he said.

Adam had to borrow money from friends and move in with his sons while he waited. He said he called the state every day but could not get through. He was surprised to later receive a text message from the agency, asking for feedback on their customer service.

Adam said he replied with a flattering message, hoping that would spur the agency to pay him faster. When that didn't work, he later sent an angry message comparing the agency to the authoritarian dictatorship in North Korea.

He was relieved on Thursday to finally hear about the state's policy change and hoped it would get him his money faster.

"It will ease a lot of financial difficulties, and it will improve our lives," he said.

The Employment Development Department received more than 5.8 million calls from 421,005 unique callers in the final two weeks of June, according to a report posted on the department's website. The department said it answered 478,749 calls during that period.

Urban said many of those calls were from people like Adam wondering why their benefits were halted. She said fewer of those people will likely call now that they know their benefits won't be interrupted.

"I think it will allow claimants to be more confident in relying on the support of these unemployment benefits, while they still have them, as they look for post-pandemic work," she said.

California Changes Unemployment Claims Investigations
On July 22, California Gov. Gavin Newsom's administration announced a change in how it pays unemployment benefits that is expected to help up to 100,000 people whose benefits have been suspended tor weeks or months. The change is the result of a settlement between the Employment Development Department and the Center for Workers' Rights. Above, a runner passes the office of the EDD in Sacramento, California, on December 18, 2020. Rich Pedroncelli/Associated Press