Newt Gingrich: Changing the Bureaucracy—Vice President Pence's 5 Rules for Effective Government | Opinion

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Vice President Michael Pence arrives for his speech during the 55th Munich Security Conference (MSC) on February 16, 2019 in Munich, Germany. During his remarks, Pence criticized U.S. allies over their relationships with Iran and Venezuela. Alexandra Beier/Getty Images

It is extraordinarily difficult to change bureaucracies and the bureaucrats who work in them. Again and again, we have seen presidents and congresses start out boldly, using big words to dramatically describe big ideas, only to have the ideas disappear in the impenetrable resistance of career bureaucrats. The dense thickets of regulations they have cultivated over the last 80 years make management and change virtually impossible.

The resistance of the bureaucracy is reinforced by the tenacious and pervasive lobbying and media campaigns executed by the defenders of the old order. I wrote in my book Breakout about "pioneers of the future and prison guards of the past." Huge corporations and wealthy special interests who have been dominant and want to avoid change behave precisely like prison guards of the past. In virtually every sector of federal activity, there are companies and institutions that have lobbyists and apologists who oppose real change.

President Trump has run enough big businesses that he understands that real effort must be put into challenging the failed systems of the past. Translating the bold vision of President Trump into practical reality takes enormous effort and focus. In areas such as going to the Moon and defeating Huawei and the Chinese strategy to implement 5G globally, the old order will want to avoid change.

Vice President Pence has been a governor who had to implement practical changes despite the bureaucracy and the interest groups. In a recent speech to the National Space Council in Huntsville, Alabama, he outlined a series of powerful principles for reforming the government.

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Pence's first principle is to establish a big goal and then stick to it. As he put it in his remarkably bold and direct challenge to NASA, "failure to achieve our goal to return an American astronaut to the Moon in the next five years is not an option."

Pence's second principle is to be prepared to reach outside the traditional bureaucracy to new entrepreneurial private companies, if necessary, to get the job done. The Vice President told the NASA-Boeing bureaucracy, "we're not committed to any one contractor. If our current contractors can't meet this objective, then we'll find ones that will. If American industry can provide critical commercial services without government development, then we'll buy them. And if commercial rockets are the only way to get American astronauts to the Moon in the next five years, then commercial rockets it will be."

This principle could be immediately applied to change and streamline the rules bureaucrats are using to dole out work. One of the reasons the same stable of big companies always get government contracts is because they are the only ones with the knowledge and resources to navigate the web of red tape.

Imagine if we looked for new suppliers and new companies across the federal government to get faster, better, more efficient, and less costly solutions in health, learning, infrastructure – and every aspect of the federal government. Imagine if the Department of Defense was this aggressive in reaching beyond the old supplier base to new entrepreneurs. The achievements and savings would be stunning.

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Vice President Pence's third principle is a willingness to change the bureaucracy rather than abandon the goal. As I have written in a previous column, Pence recognizes that a new mindset must compensate for a lack of funding. In fact, I would argue that a new mindset is necessary, because more money poured into failing systems simply leads to more expensive failures (inner-city schools are a tragic example that cheat children of a proper education while avoiding accountability). Pence said in Huntsville that "we will call on NASA not just to adopt new policies but to embrace a new mindset. That begins with setting bold goals and staying on schedule."

The Vice President's fourth principle is a determination to change the bureaucracy in fundamental ways. As he asserted at the National Space Council, "NASA must transform itself into a leaner, more accountable, and more agile organization. If NASA is not currently capable of landing American astronauts on the Moon in five years, we need to change the organization, not the mission." This principle of transformation can be applied to essentially every aspect of the federal bureaucracy.

Given the work I have been doing on the challenge of 5G and the Chinese dominance through Huawei, I really appreciate Pence's fifth principle, which is a sense of urgency to push through needed changes. As he warned: "What we need now is urgency... it's not just competition against our adversaries; we're also racing against our worst enemy: complacency."

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Vice President Mike Pence on February 1, in Doral, Florida. Pence praised President Donald Trump's push for a border wall, saying standing up for one's beliefs was never a mistake. Joe Raedle/Getty Images

If we could defeat the telecom complacency and the bureaucratic inertia, we could regain the lead in the implementation of 5G. If we allow the arrogance of the big, old established systems and the stubbornness of the bureaucracy to prevail, we will presently have a Chinese internet and terrible consequences for our freedom.

Pence's five principles should be applied throughout the federal government. They would be excellent principles for Congress to apply in doing oversight. And many governors and mayors could apply them to their levels of government.

At every level, American would be greatly improved.

Newt Gingrich was speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999. He is now the host of the Newt's World podcast and the author of Trump's America: The Truth About Our Nation's Great Comeback. Follow him on Twitter: @NewtGingrich.

The views expressed in this article are the author's own.​​​​​​​

Newt Gingrich: Changing the Bureaucracy—Vice President Pence's 5 Rules for Effective Government | Opinion | Opinion