China Calls U.S. Bill to Boost Technology, Science Research 'Full of Cold War' Thinking

The Chinese government expressed "strong dissatisfaction and resolute opposition" to the U.S. Innovation and Competition Act, a bill to boost technology to improve American competitiveness, which the Senate passed Tuesday.

"This bill seeks to exaggerate and spread the so-called 'China threat' to maintain global American hegemony, using human rights and religion as excuses to interfere in China's domestic politics, and deprive China of its legitimate development rights," the Foreign Affairs Committee of China's ceremonial legislature, the National People's Congress, said in a statement.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin said the bill was "full of Cold War zero-sum thinking" that "distorts the facts [and] smears China's development path and domestic and foreign policies."

He added, "We firmly oppose the U.S. making an issue of China and treating China as an imaginary enemy."

China Criticizes U.S. Technology and Competition Bill
A man looks back at a large landscape picture of Wuhan during a promotional event for Hubei province, called "Reborn for New Glories," at the Chinese Foreign Ministry in Beijing on April 12. WANG ZHAO/AFP via Getty Images

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The statement also attacked provisions of the bill expressing support for Taiwan, the self-governing island democracy that China claims as its own territory; references to Hong Kong, where Beijing is accused of rolling back democracy; and criticism of Chinese policy in the northwestern territory of Xinjiang, the site of mass detentions of minority Muslim groups.

Those and related issues are "purely China's internal affairs and absolutely no foreign interference will be tolerated," the statement said.

China has enacted various policy blueprints intended to enhance its own competitiveness and build its prowess in advanced technologies. Such plans tend to be focused entirely on the economy and business, areas where the ruling Communist Party and government play a huge role.

The 68-32 Senate vote demonstrated how confronting China is a rate issue that can unite both parties in Congress at a time of intense partisan division. But senators have sought to call attention to China's growing influence without stoking anti-Asian rhetoric at a time of rising hate crimes against Asian Americans.

The centerpiece of the bill is a $50 billion emergency allotment to the Commerce Department to support semiconductor development and manufacturing through research and incentive programs previously authorized by Congress. The bill's overall cost would increase spending by about $250 billion, with most of the outlays in the first five years.

Other parts of the bill spell out national security concerns and target money-laundering schemes or cyberattacks by entities on behalf of the Chinese government. There are also "buy America" provisions for infrastructure projects in the U.S.

Some provisions reflect concerns over China's handling of the pandemic. One would prevent providing federal money to the Wuhan Institute of Virology as investigations proceed into the origins of the virus and suspected connections to the lab's research. Cases of the virus were first recorded in the central Chinese city of Wuhan, but China has rejected any links between the outbreak and the institute.

It's unclear whether the measure will find support in the Democratic-led House, where the Science Committee is expected to soon consider that chamber's version.

The bill's passage comes days after President Joe Biden expanded a list of Chinese companies whose shares are off-limits to American investors because of their purported links to the Chinese military and surveillance.

That updated an order signed last year by Biden's predecessor, Donald Trump, that added to antagonisms over trade and technology.

China demanded Washington withdraw the order and said it was prepared to take "necessary measures to resolutely safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese enterprises."

The executive order, which takes effect August 2, is the latest indication that Biden has not softened the U.S. stance on alleged security risks from companies American officials say are linked to the Chinese "military and industrial complex."

Tariffs on Chinese products that were imposed under Trump, triggering similar actions from Beijing, mostly remain in place.

China Denounces U.S. Bill to Boost Technology
Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer speaks to reporters after the Democrats' policy luncheon on May 11. J. Scott Applewhite/AP Photo