France Reducing Number of Visas for Algeria, Morocco by Half Amid Disputes Between Nations

France will reduce the number of visas issued to people from North African countries, including Algeria and Morocco, due to a dispute between the countries as the governments are refusing to take back migrants expelled from France.

In a few weeks, the French government plans to start cutting the number of visas issued to Algerians and Moroccans by half, and to Tunisians by 30 percent, according to government officials.

The decision has been met with mixed reactions from the African countries. Morocco's foreign minister slammed the decision as "unjustified," but Tunisia was more amenable to finding a resolution to the issue.

"We are among countries that are cooperative in this domain, and we have excellent relations with France," Tunisian President Kais Saeid's office said.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

Emmanuel Macron
France will begin cutting the number of visas issued to people in north African countries amid disputes between the countries, a move by French President Emmanuel Macron after pressure from far-right politicians to take a harder stance on immigration. Above, Macron awaits a meeting with Lebanon PM Najib Mikati at Elysee Palace on September 24, 2021, in Paris. Antoine Gyori/Corbis via Getty Images

The move announced Tuesday comes amid pressure from far-right politicians on centrist President Emmanuel Macron to implement tougher immigration rules and creates new tensions between France and its North African neighbors.

All three countries were part of France's colonial empire, and many Europe-bound migrants and other visitors coming from those North African nations have family or other ties in France.

French spokesperson Gabriel Attal told Europe-1 radio that France decided to take action because Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia have refused recently to provide consular documents for their citizens being deported from France after arriving illegally. Virus travel restrictions have also complicated such return efforts.

A senior official in the French presidency said France notably wants North African countries to take back people flagged for extremism and expressed hope that a solution can be found soon.

Attal said France has been trying to reach a diplomatic solution since it passed a tougher immigration law in 2018. Between January and July, French judicial authorities ordered 7,731 Algerians to leave French territory because they didn't have residency authorization but only 22 departed because many lacked the necessary documents from Algeria, Europe-1 reported.

Moroccan Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita said his country has issued 400 consular documents to Moroccans being expelled from France, but the number was limited because many of them refused to take a virus test, which is required to re-enter Morocco.

That is "the problem of France, which must deal with it," Bourita told a news conference in Rabat.

He said Morocco is trying to seek "the necessary balance between facilitating the movement of people, whether students, businessmen and those wishing to benefit from medical services and combating clandestine immigration."

The French announcement comes as politicians on the right and far-right are pushing for tougher immigration rules in advance of France's April presidential election. Macron is expected to announce a reelection bid.

Far-right presidential candidate Marine Le Pen gave qualified backing to the visa reduction but suggested that Macron's government waited too long before acting. Le Pen was Macron's main rival in the 2017 election and is seen as his principal opponent if he runs again.

"For a long, long, long, long time, I have been asking that steps be taken to oblige certain countries to respect international law," she said, naming Algeria and Tunisia. "I am pleased that the president of the republic heard me. I find it's a bit late."

Le Pen was speaking in Paris at a press conference about her plans, if elected, for a referendum on her proposals for a "drastic reduction" of immigration to France.

Marine Le Pen
Far-right 2022 Presidential candidate Marine Le Pen suggested that Emmanuel Macron took too long with the decision to curb visas. Above, le Pen speaks during a press conference on immigration on September 28, 2021, in Paris. Lewis Joly/AP Photo