Freddie Mercury: The Life Story You May Not Know

Queen frontman Freddie Mercury was a prolific writer, an introverted empath, and an iconic musician. His band stands as among the world's most successful of all time, with record sales topping 300 million worldwide. Queen's two-night run at London's Wembley Stadium in '86 is still universally perceived as standing among the most unforgettable live rock events in history.

To celebrate Mercury's outsized life, Stacker compiled a list of 25 elements from his biography that many fans don't know. From working as a baggage handler at Heathrow airport to hiding his HIV diagnosis from the public until just before his death, Mercury's life was filled with adventure, publicity, and perhaps above all a clear duality. He was both flamboyant and shy; outspoken and intensely private. He had two remarkable relationships, one with Mary Austin and one with Jim Hutton, both complicated and both long-term. Hutton was with Mercury for seven years before the star's death; Austin, Mercury's first serious relationship, was told by the musician where to bury his ashes.

Freddie Mercury: The life story you may not know
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Ten of the 17 songs on Queen's 1981 Greatest Hits collection—the band's bestselling album—were written by Mercury. He began writing Queen's most famous song, "Bohemian Rhapsody," while he was still in college, calling it "The Cowboy Song" at the time the few lyrics he'd come up with: "Mama, just killed a man…" His favorite artists were Aretha Franklin and Jimi Hendrix.

Today, a giant statue of Mercury overlooks a lake in Montreux, Switzerland, where Mercury moved after buying Mountain Recording Studio. Queen's last album was also recorded there.

Mercury's voice was said to have had a four-octave vocal range and was the subject of a 2016 study that sought to better understand it. He refused to get his teeth fixed, despite having four extra molars in the back of his mouth, for fear that doing so would alter his singing voice. Still, Mercury was clearly self-conscious about his teeth, frequently covering his top row with his upper lip or hand while on camera.

He co-wrote "The Show Must Go On," off 1991's "Innuendo," with bandmate Brian May. The song is about Mercury's commitment to continue performing and singing right up until the final moment even as he was dying of AIDS.

Keep reading to discover 25 surprising, tragic, and heartwarming stories about Mercury's life.

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Sept. 5, 1946: Farrokh Bulsara is born
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Sept. 5, 1946: Farrokh Bulsara is born

Freddie Mercury was born Farrokh Bulsara in 1946 on the Tanzanian island of Zanzibar. His parents, Bomi and Jer Bulsara, were Parsi and practiced Zoroastrianism, the world's oldest monotheistic religion. Mercury had one younger sister, Kashmira Cooke.

1955: Private school
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1955: Private school

Mercury's parents sent him to a private school in India from 1955 until 1963. His family moved to Middlesex, England, in 1964. By 1966, the young Mercury took up studies at the Ealing Art College. He graduated in 1969.

1950s: Avid stamp collector
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1950s: Avid stamp collector

Mercury's extensive stamp collection is permanently housed at the Postal Museum in London, which bought the collection in 1993 with proceeds going to the HIV/AIDS charity Mercury Phoenix Trust, which was started in his honor. Mercury's collection started when he was around 9 years old and living in Zanzibar. The collection has been exhibited all over the world.

March 1, 1959: The Hectics
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March 1, 1959: The Hectics

A 12-year-old Mercury formed the band The Hectics in March of 1959. The teenage group covered classic rock 'n' roll tunes at a variety of school functions until 1962. Mercury played piano in the band.

Pictured here is Mercury with his next band, Ibex.

1969: David Bowie
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1969: David Bowie

One of rock 'n' roll's famous legends is that of David Bowie and Freddie Mercury meeting while Mercury was still enrolled at Ealing Art College. Apparently, Bowie had a lunchtime gig at the school and Mercury offered to carry musical equipment. At the time, Mercury was earnestly trying to insert himself into the music scene and was known for playing the piano at school or showing up at pubs around town when there were bands booked. The pair met again months later after "Space Oddity" had come out and earned Bowie some notoriety; he was in Kensington Market and found a pair of boots in the stall Mercury was working. Bowie couldn't afford them; Mercury apparently gave them to the performer.

Mercury graduated from Ealing Art College in 1969 with a degree in art and design. Twelve years later, the pair famously linked up for 1981's "Under Pressure."

1969: Mary Austin
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1969: Mary Austin

In addition to rubbing elbows with David Bowie in 1969, Mercury met Mary Austin around the same time. The young couple was together for years until Mercury confessed he was interested in men. He came out to Austin as bisexual, to which she said she responded with "I think you're gay." The two eventually split in 1976 but stayed extremely close; Mercury wrote the ballad "Love of My Life" for her.

1970: Queen
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1970: Queen

Mercury spent the tail end of his time at Ealing hanging around members of a rock band called Smile, made up of guitarist Brian May, drummer Roger Taylor, and bassist Tim Staffell. In 1970, Staffell left the group and Mercury became the lead singer. Early in 1971, bassist John Deacon joined the band and the four-piece group played its first show that year. The group struggled to garner interest from record labels; Queen's first album—the self-titled Queen—came out two years after that and featured classics "Keep Yourself Alive" and "Seven Seas of Rhye."

1970: Farrokh Bulsara becomes Freddie Mercury
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1970: Farrokh Bulsara becomes Freddie Mercury

Around the same time Queen got together, Farrokh Bulsara officially changed his name to Freddie Mercury. For years, people misspelled his first name as Freddy.

1973: Queen crest
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1973: Queen crest

Mercury tapped his art background to design the Queen crest shortly before the band's first album in 1973. The crest features zodiac signs of the band: a crab for May, Leo lions for Deacon and Taylor, and a fairy under each lion for Mercury. The phoenix in the back guards the bandmates, and the Q at the center? Queen, naturally.

1972: Larry Lurex
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1972: Larry Lurex

While Queen was recording its first album with Trident Studios, the studio was also experimenting with recreating the "Wall of Sound" Phil Spector was widely using at the time. Mercury was enlisted to record a few tracks and brought in May and Taylor. The "Larry Lurex" name was a riff on '70s recording artist Gary Glitter combined with the metallic yarn Lurex. Glitter fans didn't get the joke and the parody bombed.

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Mercury’s ‘bottomless mic’
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Mercury's 'bottomless mic'

No Queen performance would be complete without Mercury singing into a "bottomless mic" without a stand. The origins of that schtick were apparently accidental. At an early Queen performance, Mercury was in the middle of performing when his mic stand broke. Rather than grab another one, the performer continued singing and began performing in such a way from then on.

1979: ‘Crazy Little Thing Called Love’
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1979: 'Crazy Little Thing Called Love'

Mercury claimed to have written the famous Queen track "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" while taking a bath at a hotel, having a piano dragged in so he could hammer out the composition. The singer later told Melody Maker the tune took him less than 10 minutes to write.

Oct. 7, 1979: Ballet at the Coliseum in London
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Oct. 7, 1979: Ballet at the Coliseum in London

Mercury, who had long been interested in ballet, agreed to make a cameo at a 1979 charity gala for the Royal Ballet in London. On Oct. 7, 1979, the star performed "Bohemian Rhapsody" and "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" at the Coliseum with the Royal Ballet in front of 2,500 people.

1983: Recording sessions with Michael Jackson go awry
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1983: Recording sessions with Michael Jackson go awry

Mercury in 1983 famously recorded a few tracks with Michael Jackson at Jackson's home studio. Just one of the duets—"State of Shock"—was eventually released in 1984. The sessions were the stuff of legend, with both men complaining about one another: Mercury about Jackson bringing his llama into the studio, and Jackson about Mercury using drugs.

1984: Injured leg in ‘It’s a Hard Life’
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1984: Injured leg in 'It's a Hard Life'

Mercury injured his leg in Munich, allegedly in a fight outside the New York bar there. The star was put into a cast that came off just before the band filmed the promotional video for "It's a Hard Life." You can see him favor the bad leg as he sits down on the steps at the end of the video.

Friendship with Princess Diana?
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Friendship with Princess Diana?

In her 2013 memoir The Power of Positive Drinking, actress Cleo Rocos goes into detail about the fabled friendship between Mercury and Princess Diana, who supposedly shared a love of The Golden Girls. Rocos goes on to tell a story about the two going clubbing one night in the '80s. According to celebrity legend, Mercury dressed Diana up in drag and got her into the famed Royal Vauxhall Tavern undetected for a night out. Whether the two were actually close friends remains a mystery.

1985: ‘Mr. Bad Guy’
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1985: 'Mr. Bad Guy'

Mercury dedicated his first solo album Mr. Bad Guy, to "my cat Jerry—also Tom, Oscar and Tiffany, and all the cat lovers across the universe—screw everybody else." Queen was well-known to be obsessed with his cats and even used to call to speak to them from the road. He also wrote the song "Delilah" (off 1991's Innuendo) about his cat.

1985: Live Aid
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1985: Live Aid

In front of 72,000 live viewers and a TV audience of close to 2 billion, Queen performed at Live Aid in what has since been frequently referred to as the greatest live performance ever. Mercury's sustained "Aaaaaay-o" during a call-and-response segment with the crowd came to be known as "The Note Heard Around the World."

1986: Final Queen tour
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1986: Final Queen tour

Queen's final tour brought with it the unforgettable two-night run at Wembley Stadium on July 11 and 12, 1986. The screen hung above the stage was the largest in Europe at the time. The record from that live performance went platinum five times over.

1987: HIV diagnosis
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1987: HIV diagnosis

Mercury chose to keep his HIV diagnosis a secret for years. By 1988, fans took notice that the musician appeared unwell.

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1990: BRIT Awards
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1990: BRIT Awards

Queen won the BRIT Award in 1990 for Outstanding Contribution to British Music. When Queen took the stage to accept the award, fans watching on television were shocked by Mercury's sickly appearance.

May 1991: ‘Mother Love’ recording
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May 1991: 'Mother Love' recording

As he grew sicker, Mercury continued to record. May wrote "Mother Love" for Mercury to sing, which he did on the recording while allegedly consuming vodka to help him perform. By this point, the singer was using a cane and unable to stand for extended periods of time. In the track's final version, May sang the last verse as Mercury felt unable to do so.

Nov. 23, 1991: AIDS announcement
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Nov. 23, 1991: AIDS announcement

Mercury confirmed his AIDS diagnosis just a day before he died, on Nov. 23, 1991. Many fans were bitter about the timing of the announcement, arguing that sharing the information earlier would have encouraged people to donate to AIDS research and other associated support for prevention and a cure.

Nov. 24, 1991: Death
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Nov. 24, 1991: Death

Mercury died of bronchial pneumonia on Nov. 24, 1991. The pneumonia was caused by complications from AIDS. The singer-songwriter was just 45. Mercury's funeral service was conducted by a Zoroastrian priest. Before he died, Mercury told Mary Austin where he wanted his ashes to be buried; that secret location has still never been disclosed.

1992 and on: Posthumous recognitions
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1992 and on: Posthumous recognitions

Mercury in 1992 received a posthumous BRIT Award for Outstanding Contribution. In 2001, he and the rest of Queen's bandmates were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. A flower and an asteroid have also been named after the historic rocker.