It Isn't Just Soccer: U.S. Women Still Only Earn $0.79 for Every $1 Received by Men

The U.S. women's national soccer team will parade through Manhattan on Wednesday to be championed for their record-setting fourth World Cup victory.

But the women haven't just won the World Cup again, reiterating their global dominance on the world stage; they've also reignited a fierce conversation about the country's gender pay gap, forcefully centering public attention on the prevalence of unequal pay for women across the U.S.

When evaluating the ratio of median earnings of both genders, women earn $0.79 cents for each dollar earned by men. And women make less than men -- $0.98 for every dollar -- even when they have the same job titles and qualifications as men, according to PayScale's "The State of the Gender Pay Gap 2019" survey. In every industry measured by the PayScale survey except tech, men are paid more than women even when they have the same years of experience and job title.

The PayScale survey analyzes the pay gap in two broad manners: when controlling for job title, years experience or other factors that could impact pay rate and when not controlling for such factors.

"Uncontrolled typically shows that women are underrepresented in the best-paying jobs while Controlled is really looking at that equal pay for equal work number," Lydia Frank, the Vice President of content strategy at PayScale, told Newsweek in an email.

Pay equity is plodding forward slowly for the country and the uncontrolled pay gap has decreased by only $0.05 since 2015. The survey also shows a vast disparity between the uncontrolled and controlled pay gaps, indicating a broad gender opportunity gap across industries. Simply put, women are not offered the same chances to advance to higher paid positions.

Despite the dismal overall gender pay disparity, certain industries are worse.

  • Women in working in finance and insurance face the largest uncontrolled pay gap, earning $0.74 for every $1 earned by a man.
  • Women employed in the arts, entertainment and recreation field have the smallest uncontrolled gender pay gap, earning $0.91 for every $1 made by men in the industry.
  • Real estate, education and accommodation and food services are at the higher end of the pay equity spectrum, with women in these industries respectively earning $0.90, $0.88 and $0.88 for every dollar earned by men.
  • Women working in energy and utilities, health care, retail and customer service and agencies and consultancies industries are paid significantly less than male coworkers. These industries have uncontrolled pay gaps of $0.82, $0.82, $0.81 and $0.80, respectively.

Even for women who have at least earned a bachelor's degree, race appears to heavily influence pay equity. White women who have graduated college have the smallest uncontrolled gender pay gap relative to white men -- $0.80 -- while Black women, Hispanic women and American Indian and Alaska Native women with bachelor's degrees earn $0.74 cents for every $1 received by white men. Asian women earn more than female counterparts relative to white men, with an uncontrolled pay gap of $0.93. And they actually earn more than white men when controlling for factors like job title and years of experience.

USWNT
U.S. women's soccer players celebrate with the trophy after the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup France Final match on July 7 in France. Marc Atkins/Getty Images
It Isn't Just Soccer: U.S. Women Still Only Earn $0.79 for Every $1 Received by Men | U.S.
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