Hundreds of U.S. Intelligence Officers May Remain Unvaccinated as Federal Deadline Looms

Hundreds or more U.S. intelligence officers might still be unvaccinated against COVID-19 as the November 22 federal deadline for civilian workers looms, leaving many workers at risk of dismissal, the Associated Press reported.

While the Office of the Director of National Intelligence declined requests to provide exact figures on how much of the intelligence community remains unvaccinated, some estimate the number is in the thousands. Many are likely to still get vaccinated before the deadline, AP reported, leaving room for the total at risk of dismissal to range from the hundreds to the thousands.

The prospect that large numbers of intelligence workers could lose their jobs because of resistance to the mandate has sparked concerns that the community could lack personnel to fill key national security positions. Because of the highly specialized work they do and the difficulties of completing national security checks, it is also hard to replace intelligence officers, according to AP.

Representative Chris Stewart, a Utah Republican and a member of the House Intelligence Committee, inquired about the potential impact of dismissals on national security.

"You're potentially firing thousands of people on the same day. And it's not like you put an ad on Craigslist and have people apply by Thursday," he said.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

Intelligence Community Vaccines
Thousands of intelligence officers could soon face dismissal for failing to comply with the U.S. government's vaccine mandate, leading to concerns from lawmakers about potentially hurting agencies considered critical to national security. Above, Director of National Intelligence Avril Haines (left), next to CIA Director William Burns, testifies at a House Intelligence committee hearing on diversity and equity in the intelligence community on October 27, 2021, on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C. Jacquelyn Martin/AP Photo

Several intelligence agencies had at least 20 percent of their workforce unvaccinated as of late October, Stewart said.

CIA Director William Burns disclosed publicly last week that 97 percent of the agency's officers have been vaccinated. The National Reconnaissance Office, which operates U.S. spy satellites, has more than 90 percent of its workforce vaccinated.

But Stewart said some agencies in the 18-member intelligence community had as much as 40 percent of their workforce unvaccinated. He cited information the administration has provided to the committee but not released publicly. He declined to identify the agencies because full information on vaccination rates was classified.

The Office of the Director of National Intelligence would not say what contingency plans are in place in case officers are taken off work due to not complying with the mandate.

Director of National Intelligence Avril Haines declined at a hearing last week to disclose what percentage of the workforce had been vaccinated but said that "we are not anticipating that it is going to be an issue for mission."

The vaccination rates provided by Stewart are mostly higher than those of the general U.S. population. About 70 percent of American adults are fully vaccinated and 80 percent have received at least one dose of a vaccine. There are an estimated 100,000 employees in the intelligence community.

Stewart called on the administration to approve more exemptions for people on medical, religious and other grounds, and delay any terminations of intelligence officers.

House Intelligence Committee Democrats said they're confident that the vaccination mandate will not cause a problem for the intelligence community. Representative Jason Crow, a Colorado Democrat, said the agencies were doing "quite well" and that getting vaccinated was a sign of an employee's readiness.

"If somebody is not willing to do what's necessary to protect their own health and the health of their unit, that actually calls into question their ability to effectively do the job," Crow said in an interview.

President Joe Biden has issued several mandates to boost the vaccination rate in the U.S. affecting federal employees, contractors and health care workers. The White House has credited those mandates with driving up vaccination rates and reducing deaths from a pandemic that has killed more than 750,000 people in the U.S. and 5 million people worldwide.

Federal regulators and independent health experts have certified that the available vaccines are safe. A recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study found that from April to July, unvaccinated people were 10 times more likely than vaccinated people to be hospitalized and 11 times more likely to die of COVID-19.

Mandates to get vaccinated have faced significant resistance, particularly given an already-tight market for businesses looking to hire workers. Some first responders have resisted vaccine mandates as have employee unions, arguing that mandates impinge on personal freedom.

The Biden administration classified information it gave the intelligence committee on each of the nation's 18 intelligence agencies, said Stewart, who noted generally that agencies more closely affiliated with the military tended to report lower vaccination rates.

Several major agencies with large military components all declined to provide their vaccination rate when asked by AP, including the National Security Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency and the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). The NGA, which produces intelligence from satellites and drones, said in a statement that it was "working to ensure that all members of the workforce understand the process and documentation required" prior to the deadline.

Stewart, a former Air Force pilot, has been vaccinated but said he opposes mandates as being intrusive and counterproductive.

"If you say, 'You have to do this and we won't consider any exceptions to that,' that's where you get people to dig in their heels," he said.

Representative Darin LaHood, an Illinois Republican, echoed Stewart's concerns in a hearing last week and told agency leaders that the question of unvaccinated employees "affects all of you and us globally."

Senator Mark Warner, a Virginia Democrat and chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, said in a statement that he supported requiring vaccinations for federal employees.

"We need to be using every tool at our disposal to save lives and protect mission readiness," Warner said.

Federal employees who aren't vaccinated or haven't received an exemption by November 22 could face a suspension of 14 days or fewer, followed by possible dismissal. The General Services Administration has advised agencies that "unique operational needs of agencies and the circumstances affecting a particular employee may warrant departure from these guidelines if necessary."

Steve Morrison, director of the Global Health Policy Center at the Washington-based Center for Strategic & International Studies, said the vaccine mandate was still relatively new and he expected the numbers to change before the administration's cutoff.

Morrison said that as intelligence agencies broadly work with unvaccinated employees, "they're going to have to show some flexibility around the margins without compromising away the basic strategy and goals."

"Getting control over this pandemic in the United States requires getting to a much higher level of vaccine coverage," Morrison said. "It's a matter of national security."

Vaccine Mandates
A nurse reaches for a vial of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine at a pop-up vaccine clinic in the Arleta neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, on August 23, 2021. Robyn Beck/AFP via Getty Images