Indian Court Blasts Election Commission for Going Forward With State Elections Amid COVID Spike

The High Court in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu blasted India's Election Commission for going forward with state elections as the country suffers from recent spikes in COVID-19 cases, the Associated Press reported.

The elections, which have caused public outrage due to health risks, led to public electoral rallies and marches in March and April that health experts believe contributed to India's rising rates of infections.

"Your institution is singularly responsible for the second wave of COVID-19. Your officers should be booked on murder charges probably," Tamil Nadu's court said.

The court denounced the Election Commission for permitting crowded campaigns to occur.

Last week, Polly Roy, a virology professor at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, credited India's current COVID-19 crisis to its government's relaxed attitude toward election rallies and religious gatherings.

Since January 3, the World Health Organization has recorded 19,925,604 cases of COVID-19, with 218,959 deaths.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

COVID-19 in India
A counting agent in protective suit walks past officials during the counting of votes in the Assam state assembly election in Gauhati, India, on May 2, 2021. With Indian hospitals struggling to secure a steady supply of oxygen, and more COVID-19 patients dying amid the shortages, a court in New Delhi said it would start punishing government officials for failing to deliver the lifesaving items. Anupam Nath/AP Photo

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi suffered a resounding defeat in a key state election on Sunday, indicating his Hindu nationalist party's political strength may be slipping as the country struggles to contain an unprecedented surge in coronavirus cases.

Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was unable to dislodge West Bengal state's firebrand chief minister, Mamata Banerjee, after a hard-fought campaign.

On Sunday night, Modi took to Twitter to congratulate rival Banerjee's win. "The Centre will continue to extend all possible support to the West Bengal Government to fulfill people's aspirations and also to overcome the COVID-19 pandemic," he wrote.

His party also failed to win in two southern states, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. But the BJP secured a second term in the northeastern state of Assam and an alliance with regional parties led it to victory in the union territory of Puducherry.

Even before the current virus surge, Modi's party faced stiff challenges in these local legislative elections. Following the disappointing results, Modi stands weakened but faces no threats to staying on as prime minister until his term ends in 2024.

"The BJP started running out of steam as the pandemic spread," political analyst Nilanjan Mukhopadhyay said.

"The verdict in West Bengal state will definitely weaken Modi's position," he added, but cautioned that the results needed to be studied further to determine how much they were a referendum on the BJP's handling of COVID-19.

In West Bengal, Banerjee's All India Trinamool Congress picked up 213 seats out of 292, while the BJP secured 77, according to the Election Commission of India. Two went to other parties.

Supporters of the All India Trinamool Congress party—many without masks and ignoring social distancing guidelines—held victory celebrations and set off firecrackers in West Bengal after initial results were released.

India's daily new virus cases began rising past 100,000 in late March, and above 300,000 daily new cases on April 21, collapsing India's tattered health care system.

Experts have also blamed new, more contagious virus variants.

Nationwide, death is so omnipresent that burial grounds are running out of space in many cities, and glowing funeral pyres blaze through the night. With the government unable to maintain a steady supply of oxygen to overwhelmed hospitals, desperate relatives plead for oxygen outside or weep in the street for loved ones who died waiting for treatment.

On Sunday, India recorded a slight drop in new infections with 392,488, down from a high of 401,993 in the previous 24 hours. It also reported 3,689 additional deaths, bringing the total number of fatalities to 215,542. Experts believe both figures are an undercount.

Modi's party soared in Hindu-dominated regions in central and northern India since he was elected in 2014. The recent local elections were seen as crucial for the party to gain a foothold in three states that have sizeable minority Muslim populations. The Hindu nationalist BJP has for years been accused of stoking religious polarization and discriminating against minorities.

The prime minister also wants to project the BJP as a national party, replacing a dynastic Congress party that governed India for more than six decades after independence from British rule in 1947. The Congress party, led by Sonia Gandhi, did poorly in the recent elections, failing to capture power from the BJP in Assam or from Communist parties in Kerala.

Newsweek, in partnership with NewsGuard, is dedicated to providing accurate and verifiable vaccine and health information. With NewsGuard's HealthGuard browser extension, users can verify if a website is a trustworthy source of health information. Visit the Newsweek VaxFacts website to learn more and to download the HealthGuard browser extension.

COVID-19 Hospital in India
Patients who contracted coronavirus rest while connected to oxygen supplies inside the emergency ward of a COVID-19 hospital on May 3, 2021 in New Delhi, India. Rebecca Conway/Getty Images