It's Baby Copperhead Snake Season — Here's What You Need to Look Out For

It'sssssss baby copperhead snake season! This species reproduces in the spring and typically gives birth between late August and early September. They are most likely to be encountered in Missouri, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Kentucky, West Virginia, Texas, and Georgia.

As an abundance of copperhead snakes enter the world, there are some precautions you should take and things you should know about the venomous species.

The North Carolina Wildlife Commission reported that 90 percent of snakebites in the state come from the copperhead snake. Fred Boyce, a herpetologist at the Pine Knoll Shores Aquarium, noted that this is because they are also the state's most common venomous snake.

copperhead snakes
Photograph showing a close-up, profile view of the brown and tan patterned head and eye of a juvenile, venomous, Southern copperhead snake (Agkistrodon contortrix) image courtesy CDC/James Gathany, 2008. Getty/Smith Collection/Gado

"They've always been greatly feared, and I think it's mostly because they are the only venomous snake around," Boyce explained. "They are definitely responsible for the large number of snake bites."

Copperhead bites are extremely painful, but they aren't deadly. They also aren't always venomous. That being said, if you do get bitten by one, you should seek medical attention immediately.

"[It is] really very rare for a person to die from a copperhead bite, unless there are underlying conditions or complications also involved in that," Boyce noted. Copperheads will typically bite your hands or feet, so dress properly and be aware when spending time outside.

In order to identify baby copperheads, look out for bright yellow or green lines on their tails. Baby copperheads typically have this mark for the first year of their lives. Their coloring is typically light brown or reddish, and some younger snakes can look dark gray. Copperhead patterning resembles an hourglass, and their head is sometimes triangular in shape.

Babies are seven to eight inches long, and can be often mistaken for non venomous water snakes, rat snakes and corn snakes. Adult copperheads can grow up to two to three feet long.

The typical litter of a mother copperhead snake is five to eight snakes, but there can be up to 20. Though they don't typically travel in packs, you should expect more to be nearby.

If you ever see a baby or an adult copperhead snake, you should leave them alone and respect their space. Chances are they will leave you alone and slither away.

Copperheads are most active from the late afternoon into the evening, and prefer cooler areas to hide. They hibernate in the winter, and emerge in the spring for mating season. Their diet consists of small rodents and other pests, so if you have a rodent problem, your property can likely attract these serpents.

When it comes to removing copperheads, you should hire an expert. Folks are mostly bitten when they attempt to capture these creatures on their own.

You can also take steps to making your property less snake-friendly. By keeping your grass short and area free of fallen wood and branches, copperheads will likely avoid spending time in your yard. You should also be weary of lawn furniture, rocks, and outdoor toys for kids, since they may shelter from the heat underneath them.