Loneliness Can Double the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: Study

Loneliness can double the risk of developing diabetes, according to research from Norway. Scientists say that being lonely creates short-term and even long-lasting distress, which sometimes can activate the body's physiological stress response.

The study, published in the journal Diabetologia, found that the majority of those who developed the disease were men. Scientists believe the body's stress response plays a "key role" in the development of Type 2 diabetes. It elevates levels of stress hormones such as cortisol, leading to temporary insulin resistance.

By resisting insulin, the body's blood sugar levels increase, which is what causes Type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes
A woman with diabetes uses a glucometer to measure the glycemia in her blood in Paris on March 24, 2020. Researchers say the stress levels from loneliness could cause Type 2 diabetes. FRANCK FIFE/AFP via Getty Images

Previous studies have also found an association between loneliness and unhealthy eating, as those who are lonely are more likely to drink sugary drinks and eat foods rich in sugars and fats, as they have fewer social ties and minimal positive influences.

The researchers from Western Norway University of Applied Sciences used data from the Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT study), a large longitudinal health study based on a population from central Norway. The research is a collaboration between the HUNT Research Centre, Trøndelag County Council, the Central Norway Regional Health Authority, and the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.

The data contains responses to health questionnaires, medical examinations, and blood samples of more than 230,000 people. It was data collected four times between 1984 and 2019.

The researchers took the information from 24,024 people who participated in the tests between 1995-1997. They chose the people who did not already have Type 1 or 2 diabetes and whose blood data was available.

Of the 24,024 people, 13 percent said they had feelings of loneliness. And 1,179 participants then went on to develop Type 2 diabetes between 1995 and 2019.

The study found that 59 percent of these people were men.

The study also looked at whether depression and insomnia play a role in the development of Type 2 diabetes, but they found that the relationship between loneliness and Type 2 diabetes wasn't altered by either of these things.

Dr. Roger Henriksen, an associate professor at the Faculty of Health and Social Sciences at Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, and the lead author of the study said: "It is important that healthcare providers are open to dialogue about an individual's concerns during clinical consultations, including with regard to loneliness and social interaction."

He added: "Questions to be answered are the extent to which loneliness leads to the activation of stress responses, the extent to which loneliness affects health-related behavior, and, importantly, how these two pathways interact in terms of contributing to an increased risk of Type 2 diabetes."

The researchers note that social support, influence, and engagement, such as advice and support from friends, may lead to more healthy behaviors and lower the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

Produced in association with SWNS Talker.

This story was provided to Newsweek by Zenger News.