Macedonian Police Use Tear Gas to Drive Back Refugee Crowd on Greek Border

Macedonian police firing tear gas drove back crowds of migrants and refugees trying to enter from Greece on Friday, enforcing an emergency decree sealing the frontier to thousands of Syrians, Afghans and others trying to reach western Europe.

The Balkan country declared a state of emergency on its northern and southern borders on Thursday after weeks of chaotic scenes at a border railway station inundated daily by up to 2,000 migrants and refugees crossing fromGreece en route to Hungary and Europe's borderless Schengen zone.

Riot police in armored vehicles sealed the border around the official crossing point at the town of Gevgelija, leaving several thousand people, mainly Syrians, stranded in a cold, damp no-man's land overnight. Their numbers will only rise as more arrive from Greece, where 50,000 reached land by boat from Turkey in July alone.

A Reuters cameraman saw police fire tear gas to disperse a crowd seeking passage into Macedonia. Several people bore leg wounds. A second Reuters reporter saw military vehicles at the railway station after the government said on Thursday it would call out the army to help.

The flare-up was brief, but the plight facing those stuck in no-man's land threatens to worsen as more arrive. Reuters reporters said aid agencies did not appear to have access to the no-man's land, though the Red Cross,Medecins Sans Frontieres and the United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR) were present either side of the border.

The International Organisation for Migration said it was "deeply concerned" by the fate of those stuck in no-man's land, calling for restraint and urgent humanitarian aid.

The UNHCR criticized the border closure. "These are refugees in search of protection and must not be stopped from doing so," said chief spokeswoman Melissa Fleming.

Fleming called on Europe to find a solution, saying overstretched Macedonia and Serbia "cannot be left alone with this number of refugees."


Some managed to cross during the night, telling Reuters that others were caught by police and driven back into no-man's land.

"I ran fast and escaped," said Mohammed Khalid, an 18-year-old Syrian from the devastated city of Aleppo. "They got my brother and most of the others and sent them back to Greece."

Macedonia says it has registered over 40,000 migrants and refugees entering from Greece in the past two months; most move quickly through the country to Serbia and then walk into Hungary and on to the more affluent countries of western and northern Europe through the borderless Schengen area.

Hungary is racing to complete construction of a fence along its 175 km border with Serbia to keep them out, a step that threatens to create a bottleneck of tens of thousands in Serbia.

The refugee wave has diverted some attention from a political crisis rocking the conservative government of Macedonian Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski for most of the year over allegations of illegal wire-taps, corruption and authoritarianism.

He now faces an early election in April next year. Some commentators suggested it may play well with voters for the government to be seen taking on Greece for allowing thousands of Middle Eastern, African and Asian migrants to pour across its northern border.

Macedonia's state news agency, MIA, reported that Gevgelija had "not enjoyed such peace for a long time".

Macedonia and Greece have long enjoyed an uneasy relationship, rooted in a dispute over Macedonia's name since it broke away from socialist Yugoslavia in 1991. The row has effectively blocked Macedonia's integration with NATO and the European Union.

Macedonia has confronted refugee crises before, most notably in 1999 during the war in Serbia's then southern province of Kosovo when hundreds of thousands of ethnic Albanians took shelter in refugee camps onMacedonia's northern border.