North Carolina Bill Limiting How Teachers Discuss Race Passes Senate on Party Lines

North Carolina Republicans passed a bill limiting how teachers can discuss certain racial concepts in classes through the Senate Thursday along party lines.

The measure passed with a 25-17 vote and must now clear the General Assembly before it can be passed on to the governor for approval.

Republicans have said the bill is designed to bar teachers from compelling their students to personally adopt any ideas from a list of 13 beliefs, including the ideas that a particular race or sex is inherently superior and making students feel guilty because of their race or sex.

"The purpose of this bill is to put in place guardrails against the most extreme forms of indoctrination," Republican Senate leader Phil Berger said during a floor debate.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below:

Critical Race Theory Protestors
The North Carolina Senate passed a bill on party lines that limits how teachers discuss race in the classroom on Thursday. People talk before the start of a rally against "critical race theory" being taught in schools at the Loudoun County Government center in Leesburg, Virginia on June 12. Andrew Caballero-Reynolds/AFP via Getty Images

While Republicans said the bill is designed to, at a minimum, shed light on how teachers operate and call out questionable classroom activities, it does not appear to prevent any of the alleged cases of "indoctrination" that were included in an 831-page task force report GOP Lieutenant Governor Mark Robinson released earlier this week.

Democratic Governor Roy Cooper is likely to veto the bill if it reaches his desk, as he has previously criticized the measure. It could also get stalled in budget negotiations between Berger, Cooper and House Speaker Tim Moore.

Democrats argue Republicans crafted the bill to placate unfounded concerns among staunch conservatives ahead of the 2022 and 2024 elections. They also said the bill would stymie conversations by dissuading teachers from discussing America's history of racism and lingering effects of slavery.

"Indoctrination is fake news," said Senator Gladys Robinson, a Guilford County Democrat. "As a matter of fact, it's more than that. It's a bold-faced lie. There is no indoctrination. What we need to do is step in our lane and let them [educators] go into theirs."

The latest action in North Carolina follows a national trend of Republican-controlled legislatures looking to combat certain ideas they associate with "critical race theory," a complex framework legal scholars developed in the 1970s and 1980s that centers on the idea that racism is systemic in the nation's institutions and serves to maintain the dominance of whites in society.

But Republicans have used "critical race theory" and "indoctrination" as catchall phrases to describe racial concepts they find objectionable, such as white privilege, systemic inequality and inherent bias. The movement against the theory gained traction last year when former President Donald Trump signed an executive order barring federal contractors from conducting racial sensitivity trainings after a conservative activist appeared on Fox News urging the former president to do so.

As of Thursday, 27 states have considered legislation or other steps to limit how racism and sexism can be taught, according to an Education Week analysis, with several states adopting language from Trump's now-defunct executive order.

Berger associates indoctrination with the promotion of any of 13 views the bill outlines, while other Republicans like the state's lieutenant governor have a more expansive view of the term. Regardless, both point to examples of educators accused of giving preferential treatment to pupils who agree with their racial views and districts hosting questionable trainings and workshops for staff as evidence of systemic problems within the state's public education system.

"It can't possibly be true that critical race theory isn't in our schools and that this bill doesn't go far enough in addressing critical race theory in our schools," Berger said. "Which is it? Which argument do the bill opponents want to adopt?"

Senator Mike Woodard, a Durham County Democrat, believes decisions about how teachers should discuss race ought to be left to state and local education officials in consultation with parents.

"Families and educators don't want politicians in Raleigh deciding how history will be taught in their schools," he said.

North Carolina Senate leader
Republican Senate leader Phil Berger hopes a measure will shed light on possible "indoctrination" of public-school children and teachings of "critical race theory." Berger speaks Tuesday in Raleigh, North Carolina, as Senate Republicans advanced the measure that would limit how teachers can discuss racial concepts inside the classroom. Bryan Anderson/AP Photo