Over a Dozen Injured, 1 Killed by Iraqi Security Following Protests in Baghdad

Protests in Baghdad led to over a dozen injuries and one death on Tuesday when hundreds of Iraqis took to the streets of the capital city to protest a rise in targeted killings of prominent activists and journalists, the Associated Press reported.

Violence erupted near Tahrir Square between the demonstrators and security forces in the early evening. The security forces fired tear gas and live rounds to disperse the crowd while demonstrators hurled stones and bricks at police, Iraqi security officials told AP.

A security official said one protester was shot and died in a hospital.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

Baghdad Iraq Protests
Iraqi protesters run for cover as they clash with security forces on Al-Jumhuriyah bridge in the capital city of Baghdad during an anti-government demonstration on May 10, 2020. Modest anti-government rallies resumed in some Iraqi cities on Tuesday, featuring clashes with security forces and ending months of relative calm just days after Prime Minister Mustafa Kadhemi's government came to power. Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

The security officials spoke on condition of anonymity in line with regulations.

Earlier, demonstrators gathered in the square amid heavy security, among them protesters from southern provinces including Dhi Qar and Karbala. Tensions there have mounted in recent weeks over the increasingly frequent targeted killings.

"Today's protests took place because the weak government did not keep its promises to bring the murderers to justice," activist Kamal Jaban said at Tahrir Square.

Many waved Iraqi flags and raised portraits of Ehab Wazni, a prominent activist assassinated in Karbala, among three targeted killings this month. Protesters had given the government two weeks to hold his killers responsible.

"The government did not deliver, we had to march," said Jaban.

The High Commission for Human Rights reported nearly 35 activists have been killed in Iraq since an anti-government protest movement swept Iraq in October 2019. There have been nearly 82 attempted killings since.

In the last year alone, 15 Iraqis were killed and there were 30 attempted killings recorded by the commission, said spokesman Ali al-Bayati.

Protesters expressed outrage that despite launching several investigations into the killings, Iraqi authorities have not named any perpetrators. They widely believe the killers to be linked to Iran-backed militia groups and that the government is powerless and unwilling to identify them.

"Impunity comes from the failure of state institutions to bring the perpetrators to account," said al-Bayati. "This gives them the green light to continue."

Many expect the killings to continue as Iraq plans to hold early elections in October, which had been a key demand of anti-government protesters.

Now, some of those same protesters are calling for the elections to be canceled as the death toll from targeted killings rises, saying they have no faith in the current system.

"We will not delay the elections if we get fair and safe chances to participate in them," said Jaban. "We will boycott the elections unless there are positive changes."

A recent Human Rights Watch report raised concerns that without justice the killings could prevent Iraqis from participating in the election.

"If the authorities are not able to take urgent steps to stop these extrajudicial killings the palpable climate of fear they have created will severely limit the ability of Iraqis who have been calling for change to participate in the upcoming parliamentary elections," wrote senior researcher Belkis Wille.

Heavy security deployments were seen in central Baghdad ahead of the Tuesday protest.

Iraqi security forces arrested four "infiltrators" near Tahrir Square in the morning, according to an Iraqi military statement. The individuals were reportedly carrying weapons and sought to incite violence.

Tens of thousands of protesters, most of them Iraqi youth, took to the streets in October 2019 to decry corruption, poor services and unemployment. Demonstrators camped out in Tahrir Square for months.

But the movement petered out by February last year owing to the government's heavy handed response and the coronavirus pandemic. Over 500 people died because security forces used live ammunition and tear canisters to disperse crowds.

Though protests have waned, targeted assassinations against civil society groups and outspoken activists continue to create a climate of fear. Many activists have left Baghdad to seek refuge in the Kurdish-controlled northern region, or sought asylum in Turkey.

Iraq Anti-Government Protests
Anti-government protesters chant slogans as they hold posters of slain activists outside the Green Zone area that houses the seat of the country's government and foreign embassies, in Baghdad, Iraq, on May 25, 2021. Hundreds of Iraqi protesters took to the streets of Baghdad to decry a recent spike in assassinations targeting outspoken activists and journalists. Khalid Mohammed/Associated Press