Photos: Life in the Shadow of Boko Haram

An orphan girl at the Future Prowess Islamic Foundation School in Maiduguri.
Photos: Life in the Shadow of Boko Haram Abubakar Fati

The most northeasterly state in the West African country has been at the epicenter of Boko Haram's six-year insurgency. It was in Maiduguri, Borno's capital, where the militant group launched its first attacks in 2009, resulting in the death of its founder Mohammed Yusuf and leading to years of untold bloodshed in Nigeria. Borno has suffered disproportionately from the ensuing violence—24,984 deaths have been recorded in the state since May 2011, almost nine times higher than the next highest tally of 2,840 in neighboring Adamawa state.

But despite more than six years of kidnappings and suicide bombings, life goes on in Nigeria's main conflict zone. And Fati Abubakar is determined to document it.

"I was tired of the media's portrayal," says Abubakar, who has lived in Maiduguri her entire life bar a one and a half year stint studying in London. "It was just constantly death, numbers—I felt that the human stories weren't being shown."

In order to change perceptions, Abubakar—who works for a private NGO assisting children in Borno—picked up her camera in September 2015 and began documenting everyday life in her home state. Her photos show the vast array of life in Nigeria's second-biggest state by surface area—from the markets so regularly targeted by indoctrinated Boko Haram suicide bombers, to an Islamic school for children orphaned by the insurgency, to footballers for a local team that has to play its matches in Katsina—700 kilometers from Maiduguri—because of the crisis.

"I wanted to show that we are struggling like before, no matter what happens to us. We still go to school, we still have our businesses, we still have our weddings...I wanted to show that people are still going on, regardless of what happened. Just living in adversity," she says.

Since his inauguration in May 2015, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has made ending the insurgency a key priority. Buhari declared Boko Haram to be "technically" defeated in December 2015 after the Nigerian military drove the militants back from much of the territory they claimed in 2015. But in spite of the progress, more than 2 million people remain displaced in Nigeria. Borno state governor Kashim Shettima estimated in September 2015 that at least $1 billion would be needed to rebuild infrastructure damaged by the militants and the United Nations warned in February that 54,000 people in Borno are at risk of starving to death.

Abubakar says that, while Boko Haram has not yet been overcome, she is "200 percent" optimistic that Buhari and the military will deliver on their promises. And the evidence of life going on in Borno over the past few months, despite the long shadow cast by Boko Haram, suggests that the recovery might not be as arduous as might be expected. "After a bomb blast [in the market], two hours later you see people coming and going back to their usual life," says Abubakar. "People are eager to move on so I think it will pick up quicker than people expect and hopefully the economy will bounce back...We are very keen to move on."

The Bits of Borno photo blog can be accessed via Instagram, Facebook or Twitter.

An orphan girl at the Future Prowess Islamic Foundation School in Maiduguri.
An orphan girl at the Future Prowess Islamic Foundation School in Maiduguri, a special school set up for orphans of the Boko Haram insurgency. Abubakar singles this image out as the most powerful she has taken in her eight months documenting life in Borno state. "In her eyes there are a lot of things that she can't say but you can feel," says Abubakar.Abubakar Fati
Zarah, an IDP from Bama who now lives in Maiduguri.
Boko Haram's insurgency has left more than 2 million people internally displaced in Nigeria, including Zarah, who fled from Bama to Maiduguri. "I arrived [in] Maiduguri with no clothes on my body. It was on entry that some kind people covered us up and helped us," says Zarah.Fati Abubakar
Modu Aji, vice president of the Borno Civilian Joint Task Force.
The Nigerian government set up the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF)—a civilian vigilante group tasked with rooting out Boko Haram members in their midst—in Borno state in May 2013. Modu Aji is the CJTF Vice President. "In the past you wouldn't go two hours without running from a gunshot, a bomb blast, a perceived threat or hearing about a death. But we sacrificed ourselves and decided to make sure we find the terrorists and hand them over to the authorities," says Modu.Fati Abubakar
Hajja Hauwa, a female civilian vigilante at the Maiduguri market.
A common tactic of Boko Haram is to use suicide bombers to hit soft targets—often mosques, churches and markets. Hajja Hauwa is a female civilian vigilante who checks the women entering the Monday market in Maiduguri. She is at her post from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. "We have to be strict. We've to ensure everyone passes by security checks. I'm dedicated to doing my job," says Hajja.Fati Abubakar
Ya Hajja fled from Malari to Maiduguri after Boko Haram attacked.
Ya Hajja fled her home village of Malari in Konduga Local Government Area after Boko Haram attacked, killing one of her sons. "My friend and I found a car and came to Maiduguri. We live with my other son. But he can't feed us all the time, so we beg on the street," she says.Fati Abubakar
A cultural song and dance at Kusheri community in Maiduguri.
A major part of Abubakar's project is to show that life is continuing as normal in Borno, despite the impact of the insurgency. This photo shows a cultural song and dance for children in the Kusheri community in Maiduguri, organized by the International Organization for Migration. "Both international and local NGOs here in Borno are doing their best to lift the spirits of our people. It creates nostalgia and beautiful memories," says Abubakar.Fati Abubakar
Money in the bank boy in Borno.
Despite living in a conflict zone, the children of Borno are not immune to the trappings of modern pop culture. "He's got money in the bank," says Abubakar of the Maiduguri boy in this photo.Fati Abubakar
Bukar, boy with cut leg from Bolori.
The insurgency has had a devastating effect on infrastructure and the economy in Borno. Bukar is a young boy from Bolori ward in Maiduguri who cut his leg while playing with friends. "A metal cut my leg when I was out in the neighborhood, but my parents don't have money to go to the hospital or a local clinic," he says.Fati Abubakar