9 Rare Types of Moon to Look Out For (and What They Mean)

We all know to keep our wits about us when there's a full moon in the sky, but what about the other types?

Budding astronomers may know what to look out for, but for the rest of us it may be more difficult to understand what to look out for, and what the various moons mean.

Here are some rare moons to keep an eye out for over the coming months and years.


Supermoon visible in Brazil
A plane passes in front of the full moon as seen from Curitiba, Brazil on March 9, 2020. - The supermoon is visible as the full moon coincides with the satellite in its closest approach to Earth, which makes it appear brighter and larger than other full moons. Heuler Andrey/AFP via Getty Images

When a full moon coincides with being perigee, the point in the moon's orbit closest to Earth, it is known as a supermoon. Some believe they cause heightened emotions.

Because of its closeness to Earth, a supermoon can appear 30 percent brighter and up to 14 percent larger than a usual full moon.

The next supermoon is expected on June 14, 2022.

Lunar Eclipse / Blood Moon

Lunar eclipse in New Zealand
A blood red moon lights up the sky during a total lunar eclipse on April 4, 2015 in Auckland, New Zealand. The shortest total lunar eclipse, or "blood moon", of the century will last just a few minutes. Phil Walter/Getty Images

The next lunar eclipse will take place on November 19 and will be visible from parts of Asia, Australia, North America, northern and eastern Europe, and most of South America.

Also referred to as a blood moon, the face of the moon will turn red when it passes into the Earth's shadow.

While the next lunar eclipse will only be a partial one, most of the lunar face will turn a vivid reddish colour.

Previous generations used to fear lunar eclipses, but today some see them as a symbol of endings that encourage them to embrace change and let go of attachments that are no longer serving us.

Super Flower Blood Moon

Super flower blood moon
The moon is seen as it emerges from a total lunar eclipse on May 26, 2021 in Surabaya, Indonesia. The moon will pass through Earth's shadow during this Super Blood Moon. Red light passes through the Earth's atmosphere while blue light is filtered out, causing the moon to appear red. The moon will also reach perigee or the closest point to Earth in its current orbit, making it appear larger to the eye than a regular full moon. Robertys Pudyanto/Getty Images

A super flower blood moon is a supermoon combined with a total lunar eclipse, and we had the last super flower blood moon in May this year.

The "blood moon" name comes from the face of the moon turning red as it passes into the Earth's shadow, while the "flower moon" refers to the timing, and "super" comes from the moon looking bigger and brighter.

This moon is often said to symbolised rebirth and growth, with some believing a blood moon is a good time for reflection.

The next super flower blood moon will occur on October 8, 2033.

Ring of Fire Solar Eclipse

Ring of fire solar eclipse
A eclipsed sun rises over Tobermory on June 10, 2021 in Ontario, Canada. - Canadian and Northeast states in the US saw a rare eclipsed sunrise, while in other parts of the Northern Hemisphere, this annular eclipse will be seen as a visible thin outer ring of the sun's disk that is not completely covered by the smaller dark disk of the moon, a so-called "ring of fire". Geoff Robins/AFP via Getty Images

Involving both the moon and the sun, the rare "ring of fire" solar eclipse last happened in June 2021.

It occurs when the moon is too far away from Earth in its elliptical orbit to completely block out the sun like it does during a total solar eclipse, instead leaving the outer ring of the sun exposed.

A total solar eclipse will next place on December 4, but will only be seen from Antarctica and partially in South Africa and the South Atlantic.

Solar eclipses are sometimes said to provoke changes and usher in new goals.

Pink Moon

Pink moon
The pink super moon rises over Bondi Beach on April 27, 2021 in Sydney, Australia. The pink super moon is the first of two super moons which will be visible in 2021. A super moon is a name given to a full (or new) moon that occurs when the moon is in perigee - or closest to the earth - and it is the moon's proximity to earth that results in its brighter and bigger appearance. Brook Mitchell/Getty Images

The "pink moon" is the full moon that occurs in April, and is named after flowers called wild ground phlox, which bloom in early spring and appear throughout the United States and Canada. It doesn't actually appear pink.

The pink moon is said to signal optimism and goals coming to fruition.

Strawberry Moon

Strawberry moon
A strawberry moon rises behind St Michael's Mount in Marazion near Penzance on June 28, 2018 in Cornwall, England. Matt Cardy/Getty Images

The "strawberry moon" refers to June's full moon.

It doesn't tend to be strawberry red, but it often has more of a rose or reddish hue because of its lower position in the sky than usual.

This is because the moon's position can make it shine through more of the atmosphere than at other times in the year.

It is thought to have been named after the strawberry by Native Americans due to its appearance coinciding with the strawberry harvest.

The June full moon is said to symbolise good fortune, optimism and generosity.

Blue Moon

Blue moon
A super blue blood moon is seen behind Salesforce Tower during a partial lunar eclipse in San Francisco, California before dawn on January 31, 2018. Stargazers across large swathes of the globe -- from the streets of Los Angeles to the slopes of a smouldering Philippine volcano -- had the chance to witness a rare "super blue blood Moon" Wednesday, when Earth's shadow bathed our satellite in a coppery hue. Josh Edelson/AFP via Getty Images

You've heard the phrase "once in a blue moon," but a blue moon isn't actually as rare as you think.

A blue moon isn't blue; the name refers to its timing. Traditionally, the definition of a blue moon is the third full moon in an astronomical season containing four full moons.

The next blue moon will be in August 2023.

Harvest Moon

Harvest Moon
The full Harvest moon rises over the ruins of St Michael's Church, a scheduled monument on the top of Burrow Mump on October 5, 2017 in Somerset, England. Normally the Harvest moon, the name given to the first full moon rising closest to the autumnal equinox, usually occurs before the equinox in September. However this year, the Harvest moon, which is said to symbolised when farmers would need to start gathering in the food to prepare for the lean winter months, is happening in October. Matt Cardy/Getty Images

The "harvest moon" is the full moon nearest to the autumnal equinox, when the angle of the moon's orbit relative to the Earth's horizon is at its minimum, causing the full moon to rise above the horizon much faster than usual.

This means that the moon rises at almost the same time each night and delivers several nights in a row of bright moonlight.

The harvest moon promotes spiritual growth.


: The moon is seen behind trees as the early morning sunlight breaks through leaves that are begining to change colour in Victoria Park on October 12, 2009 in Bath, England. England, particularly in the south, is currently enjoying a spell of dry, fine weather, allowing the begining of the Autumn foliage colours - brought on by shortening daylight hours and cooler weather - to be fully appreciated. Matt Cardy/Getty Images

A micromoon occurs when a full moon coincides with apogee, the point in the moon's orbit farthest away from Earth.

Because of its distance, a micromoon looks approximately 14 percent smaller than a supermoon, and the illuminated area appears 30 percent smaller, so might look less bright.

Micromoons are known to affect the tides.