Report: The U.N. Is Expected to Ask for $20 Billion for Humanitarian Appeal Fund

Five-year-old Karkar tries to drink water from a faucet near his home in the Eshash el-Sudan slum in the Dokki neighbourhood of Giza, south of Cairo, Egypt September 2. Amr Abdallah / Reuters Amr Abdallah Dalsh

H: Report: The U.N. Is Expected to Ask for $20 Billion for Humanitarian Appeal Fund

D: The appeal has trebled since 2005 when it asked for $5 billion

The United Nations (UN) will ask donor countries to donate around $20 billion on Monday to fund humanitarian projects next year, in what will be the intergovernmental organization's largest appeal for humanitarian aid ever, the Guardian newspaper reports.

The UN is expected to announce its annual appeal on Monday, when it will also ask 24 of its active international donor countries, including the U.K., Germany and Norway, to fund its aid projects in 37 countries around the world, such as Syria, South Sudan and Yemen.

Now into its 70th year, the U.N. provides humanitarian assistance, upholds international law and protects the human rights of people living in 37 countries. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 59.5 million people have been forcibly displaced worldwide. By the end of 2014, Syria became the world's top source-country for refugees. On November 5, the U.N. said that it expects the number of refugees and asylum seekers that have arrived in Europe in the past year to equal 1 million by the end of 2015.

Not all donors will be able to fulfill the UN's expectations. According to the newspaper, donor countries failed to contribute more than 50 percent of the 2014 appeal of $12.9 billion. In June 2005, the U.N. suffered a shortage in appeal funding and still required more than half of the $5 billion sought.

"Eighty percent of humanitarian crises today are long-term crises," United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator, Peter de Clercq, said in a press release on Monday. "You can almost understand the international community at some stage saying, 'Look. We can't continue to pour money at this without seeing a clear perspective or solution.'"

The growth in highly violent conflicts around the world, which have nearly doubled since 2005 from 24 to 46, according to the Heidelberg Institute's conflict barometer, combined with the consequences of climate change and social upheaval in parts of the Middle East, Africa and Latin America, has placed increasing pressure on the U.N. to offer aid to those who need it the most.

Food security experts, the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) said on November 26 that it expects the tens of thousands of people fleeing South Sudan's war to run out of food in the first three months of 2016, when the dry season starts. This will put more than 600,000 refugees, according to the UNHCR, who have fled South Sudan since civil war erupted in December 2013, and its 1.6 million internally displaced people at risk of famine.