Russian Opposition Blast Apple, Google for Pulling App After 'Kremlin's Blackmail'

Russian opposition are criticizing Apple and Google after the companies on Friday removed a smartphone app that instructs voters which candidates are likely to prevail in elections against those supported by Russian authorities, the Associated Press reported.

Leonid Volkov, the top strategist for jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny, wrote on Facebook that the two companies "bent to the Kremlin's blackmail" in their decision to remove the Smart Voting service. Volkov also said that those who already downloaded the app shouldn't be affected by its removal, and it should still be working properly, the AP reported.

The move comes as polls opened Friday for Russia's parliamentary election, which is widely seen as a vote that will determine whether President Vladimir Putin's United Russia political party will maintain control of the State Duma in anticipation of the 2024 presidential election. Russian authorities have been looking to have the Smart Voting resource, designed by Navalny, removed from app stores over recent weeks.

Russian officials told Apple and Google that failure to remove the app would be seen as election interference and could result in fines imposed on the companies, the AP reported.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below:

Smart Voting App
Russian opposition are criticizing Apple and Google after the companies removed an opposition-designed app. An illustration picture shows a smartphone screen displaying the "Smart Voting" app in Moscow on September 16. Natalia Kolesnikova/AFP via Getty Images

Last week, Russia's Foreign Ministry summoned U.S. Ambassador John Sullivan over the issue.

On Thursday, representatives of Apple and Google were invited to a meeting in the upper house of Russia's parliament, the Federation Council. The Council's commission on protecting state sovereignty said in a statement afterward that Apple agreed to cooperate with Russian authorities.

Apple and Google have not responded Friday to a request from the Associated Press for comment.

Google was forced to remove the app because it faced legal demands by regulators and threats of criminal prosecution in Russia, according to a person with direct knowledge of the matter who also said Russian police officers visited Google's offices in Moscow on Monday to enforce a court order to block the app. The person spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters Friday the presidential administration "definitely, of course" welcomes the companies' decision to remove the app, because it complies with Russian laws. Peskov said that the app was "outside the law" in Russia.

In recent months, authorities have unleashed a sweeping crackdown against Navalny's allies and engaged in a massive effort to suppress Smart Voting.

Navalny is serving a 2 1/2-year prison sentence for violating parole over a previous conviction he said is politically motivated and his top allies were slapped with criminal charges. Many have left the country. Navalny's Foundation for Fighting Corruption, as well as a network of regional offices, have been outlawed as extremist organizations in a ruling that exposes hundreds of people associated with the groups to prosecution.

About 50 websites run by his team have been blocked, and dozens of regional offices have been closed. The authorities have moved to block the Smart Voting website as well, but some internet users can still access it. Navalny's team also created a Smart Voting chatbot on the messaging app Telegram and published a list of candidates Smart Voting endorses in Google Docs and on YouTube.

Western tech giants such as Twitter, Facebook and Google have come under pressure this year from the Russian government over their role in amplifying dissent. The authorities accused the platforms of allegedly failing to remove calls for protests, and levied hefty fines against them.

The companies face similar challenges around the world. In India, the government is in a standoff with Twitter, which it accuses of failing to comply with new internet regulations that digital activists say could curtail online speech and privacy.

Turkey passed a law last year that raised fears of censorship, giving authorities greater power to regulate social media companies that also were required to establish local legal entities—a demand that Facebook and Twitter have met.

Twitter has been banned in Nigeria since June, when the company took down a controversial tweet by the country's president, although the government has promised to lift it soon.

Navalny's close ally Ivan Zhdanov on Friday tweeted a screenshot of what appears to be an email from Apple, explaining why the app should be removed from the store. The screenshot cites the extremism designation for the Foundation for Fighting Corruption and allegations of election interference. "Google, Apple are making a big mistake," Zhdanov wrote.

Volkov told the AP last month that at some point in August, the app ranked third on Google Play in Russia among social networking apps and fourth on the App Store in the same category.

Peskov on Friday called Smart Voting "another attempt at provocations that are harmful for the voters."

As voting began Friday, long lines and large crowds formed at some polling stations in Moscow and other cities. Russian media attributed them to state institutions and companies forcing their employees to vote.

David Kankiya from the Golos independent election monitoring group told AP that it was easier for state institutions and companies to force people to vote on Friday because there was less attention from observers.

"Some observers are busy with work, some with university studies, as it's a workday and not a weekend," he said. "Monitoring is harder to organize, ergo, there are fewer risks for the administrative machine."

Peskov dismissed the allegations and suggested that those at polling stations were there voluntarily because they had to work on the weekend or wanted to "free up" Saturday and Sunday.

Putin, who has been self-isolating since Tuesday after dozens of people in his inner circle got infected with COVID-19, voted online Friday—an option that is available in seven Russian regions this year. Kremlin critics have said that leaves room for manipulation.

Dr. Anna Trushina, a radiologist at a Moscow hospital, told AP she went to a polling station "to be honest, because we were forced [to vote] by my work. Frankly speaking."

She added: "And I also want to know who leads us."

Russian Duma Vote Begins
Russian opposition criticized Apple and Google for removing an app that instructs voters which candidates are likely to defeat those backed by Russian authorities. People cast their ballots during the State Duma, the Lower House of the Russian Parliament and local parliaments elections at a polling station in St. Petersburg, Russia, September 17. Dmitri Lovetsky/AP Photo