Scientists Develop Nanoparticle Coating To Help Soap Products Flow Free

Hair
A hairdresser washes a woman's hair in a hairdressing shop in Bailleul, northern France, July 2, 2013. Scientists have developed a nanoparticle coating for plastic bottles that allows soap products to flow freely. Philippe Huguen/Getty

Scientists have developed a nanoparticle coating for plastic bottles that allows soap products to flow freely.

It means that every drop of liquid soap, shampoo or laundry detergent will be able to be removed, leaving none wasted.

Technology already existed to help food products out of containers, but soap is much stickier, and professor Bharat Bhushan, the study's lead scientist from Ohio State University, said "compared to soaps, getting ketchup out of a bottle is trivial."

His team has developed a way of lining plastic bottles with microscopic, Y-shaped structures that cradle droplets of soap above tiny air pockets. As a result, the soap never actually touches the sides of the bottle. Instead of spreading out, the soap droplets form beads and roll off the surface.

The hook-like structures are built up using much smaller nanoparticles made from silica or quartz, an ingredient in glass.

Bhushan said: "It's what you'd call a first-world problem, right? 'I can't get all of the shampoo to come out of the bottle.' But manufacturers are really interested in this, because they make billions of bottles that end up in the garbage with product still in them…We all struggle with shampoo bottles at home. Trying to get the last drop out, I put it upside down, and my wife adds water to the bottle and fights with it for a while, and then we give up and just throw it away."

The invention could also aid recycling, said the researchers, whose patent-pending technology is described in the journal Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society, as before plastic bottles can be recycled they have to be rinsed completely clean.