Bill to Extend 'Patriot Act' Surveillance Programs Blocked in Senate

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Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell speaks to reporters following the Republican Senate weekly policy lunch in Washington May 19, 2015. Although Republicans control both the Senate and the House of Representatives, the two chambers are at an impasse on how to handle the June 1 expiration of domestic spying programs. Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

Updated | WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A measure to extend spy agencies' bulk collection of Americans' telephone records was blocked in the U.S. Senate early on Saturday, leaving the fate of the program uncertain days before it expires on June 1.

By a vote of 54-45, the Senate failed to reach the 60-vote threshold needed to advance a bill that would have extended for two months provisions of the "USA Patriot Act" that allow the collection of vast amounts of telephone "metadata".

The data collection program, in which the National Security Agency sweeps up vast amounts of Americans' telephone records and business information, was exposed two years ago by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden, who is now a fugitive in Russia.

The vote against the extension came after the Senate narrowly blocked the "USA Freedom Act," a bill that would end the bulk telephone data collection and replace it with a more targeted program.

That vote was 57-42, just short of the 60 needed.

President Barack Obama's administration had pushed hard for the Freedom Act. The House of Representativesbacked it by an overwhelming margin, with strong support from Republicans and Democrats, on May 13.

Backers of the bill in the House, including Representative Bob Goodlatte, the chairman of the Judiciary Committee, said the Senate's failure to act risked the Patriot Act provisions' expiration before the House returns to Washington late on June 1.

"The Senate has failed to make the important reforms necessary, jeopardizing Americans' civil liberties and our national security," they said in a statement.

The Senate's Republican Majority Leader, Mitch McConnell, proposed short extensions, ending with one lasting only until June 2, to keep the Patriot Act provisions from expiring. But they were blocked, by Republican SenatorRand Paul and Democratic Senator Martin Heinrich.

The Patriot Act was passed to increase national security in the wake of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. Backers of the Freedom Act argued that it provided national security protections while eliminating provisions of the Patriot Act that raised privacy concerns.

Paul, a 2016 Republican presidential candidate and vocal advocate for privacy rights, led more than 10 hours of speeches against the Patriot Act on Wednesday.

After failing to get an extension, McConnell said the Senate would return to Washington on Sunday, May 31, one day before the scheduled end of its Memorial Day holiday recess, to consider ways to address the imminent expiration of the Patriot Act provisions.

Bill to Extend 'Patriot Act' Surveillance Programs Blocked in Senate | U.S.
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