Some Pressing Britain to Reinstate COVID Restrictions as Cases Surpass 49,000 in One Day

Though the U.K. lifted COVID-19 restrictions over the summer, allowing the lives of many residents to begin to return to normal, infection rates have remained high and recently began to increase again, the Associated Press reported. As Britain recorded more than 49,000 new cases Monday, some are pressing the government to reinstate the restrictions and expedite the rollout of booster shots to slow down the spread.

The 49,156 cases documented Monday was the largest single-day toll for the U.K. since mid-July, the AP reported. The last week saw Britain, which already has the highest COVID infection rates in Europe, average 43,000 new infections every day, a 15 percent jump from the previous week.

The U.K. government in July rescinded a host of legal restrictions that were in place for more than a year to curb the spread of COVID-19. These restrictions included mandated face masks when indoors, social distancing guidelines, capacity restrictions for crowded venues like nightclubs and advisories to work from home.

Critics and scientists have decried Britain's transition back to behavior that may have been safe before the pandemic, but now leaves people at risk as the world continues to battle the virus, the AP reported

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

New COVID Cases Surge in Britain
The U.K. recorded 49,156 new COVID-19 cases on October 18, the largest number since mid-July. Above, a woman wears a face mask as she walks in London, on October 19. Alberto Pezzali/AP Photo

Last week, the Office for National Statistics estimated that one in 60 people in England had the virus, one of the highest levels seen in Britain during the pandemic.

Some modelers feared a big spike in cases after the opening-up. That didn't occur, but infections remained high, and recently have begun to increase—especially among children, who largely remain unvaccinated.

Also rising are hospitalizations and deaths, which are averaging more than 100 a day—far lower than when cases were last this high, before much of the population was vaccinated, but still too high, critics of the government say.

Masks and social distancing have all but vanished in most settings in England, including schools, though Scotland and other parts of the U.K. remain a bit more strict. Even in shops, where masks are recommended, and on the London transit network, where they are mandatory, adherence is patchy.

A plan to require proof of vaccination to attend nightclubs, concerts and other mass events in England was dropped by the Conservative government amid opposition from lawmakers, though Scotland introduced a vaccine pass program this month.

Some scientists say a bigger factor is waning immunity. Britain's vaccination program got off to a quick start, with shots given to the elderly and vulnerable beginning in December 2020, and so far almost 80 percent of eligible people have received two doses. The early start means millions of people have been vaccinated for more than six months, and studies have suggested vaccines' protection gradually wanes over time.

Millions of people in Britain are being offered booster shots, but critics say the program is moving too slowly, at about 180,000 doses a day. More than half of the people eligible for a booster dose haven't yet received one.

The U.K. also waited longer than the U.S. and many European nations to vaccinate children ages 12 to 15, and only about 15 percent in that age group in England have had a shot since they became eligible last month.

"It's critical we accelerate the booster program," said epidemiologist Neil Ferguson, a member of the government's Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies.

Ferguson said one factor influencing the U.K.'s high case numbers was that it has relied heavily on the AstraZeneca vaccine, "and, while that protects very well against very severe outcomes of COVID, it protects slightly less well than Pfizer against infection and transmission, particularly in the face of the Delta variant."

He also noted that "most Western European countries have kept in place more control measures, vaccine mandates, mask-wearing mandates, and tend to have lower case numbers and certainly not case numbers which are going up as fast as we've got."

"But at the end of the day this is a policy decision for government to make," he told the BBC.

Scientists in the U.K. are also keeping an eye on a new subvariant of the dominant Delta strain of the virus. The mutation, known as AY4.2, accounts for a small but growing number of cases in Britain.

Francois Balloux, director of the University College London Genetics Institute, said the subvariant might be slightly more transmissible and was being "closely monitored." But he said evidence suggested "it hasn't been driving the recent increase in case numbers in the U.K."

A report by lawmakers released last week concluded that the British government waited too long to impose a lockdown in the early days of the pandemic, missing a chance to contain the disease and leading to thousands of unnecessary deaths. Critics say it is repeating that mistake.

Last month, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said the country might need to move to a "Plan B"—reintroducing measures such as mandatory masks and bringing in vaccine passes—if cases rose so high in the fall and winter that the health system came under "unsustainable" strain.

For now, the government says it won't change course but will try to boost vaccination rates, with a new ad campaign and an increased number of sites outside of schools where kids can receive their shots.

Johnson's spokesman, Max Blain, said, "We always knew the next few months would be challenging." But, he said, the government was trying to protect "both lives and livelihoods."

"Clearly we are keeping a very close eye on rising case rates," Blain said. "The most important message for the public to understand is the vital importance of the booster program."

Social Distancing Sign in U.K.
Many scientists are pressing the British government to re-impose social restrictions and speed up booster vaccinations as coronavirus infection rates, already Europe's highest, rise once more. Above, a man walks past a social distancing sign in the area of Covent Garden, in London, on October 19. Alberto Pezzali/AP Photo