These States Will Gain, Lose Seats in Congress Because of the 2020 Census

The U.S. Census Bureau on Monday released its first batch of data from the 2020 survey, including the winners and losers of congressional seats.

In a virtual press conference, acting Director Ron Jarmin announced six states would gain at least one seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, while seven states would lose one seat in the lower chamber.

Texas was the big winner, as it will gain two votes in the House. Colorado, Florida, Montana, North Carolina and Oregon will each gain one seat.

The seven states that will lose one seat in the House are California, Illinois, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. The Census Bureau said Monday if New York had had just 89 more people counted in the 2020 census, it would not have lost a congressional seat.

The remaining 37 states will not experience a change in congressional representation, according to the bureau.

Despite losing a seat for the first time, California still has the most representation in the House, with 52 lawmakers. Texas will now have 38 seats, followed by Florida (28) and New York (26). These four states are the most populous in the country, each with more than 20 million residents.

Together, the four states make up one-third of the House—which has 435 seats allocated based on population. Every decade, as the census is conducted, the allotment of seats for each state changes based on the population data collected by the bureau.

US Congress 2020 census
Vice President Mike Pence presides in the House chamber during a reconvening of a joint session of Congress on January 6. The U.S. Census Bureau on Monday released its first batch of data from the 2020 survey, including the winners and losers of congressional seats. Win McNamee/Getty Images

The release of the apportionment numbers Monday comes nearly four months later than expected because of delays caused by the coronavirus pandemic. The results were delivered to President Joe Biden on Monday.

"Despite many challenges, our nation completed a census for the 24th time. This act is fundamental to our democracy and a declaration of our growth and resilience," Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo said in a statement.

Overall, the total population of the United States has topped 331 million people, a 7.4 percent increase from the previous decade. Over the past 10 years, the population grew at the slowest rate since the 1930s.

The most populous state was California with more than 39.5 million residents, and the least populous was Wyoming, with 576,851 people. The fastest-growing state since the 2010 census was Utah, and the state that gained the most numerically since the last census was Texas.

More detailed demographic data from the 2020 census will be released by the bureau in August. The data, along with Monday's release, will be used by state legislatures or independent commissions to redraw political maps.