The latest on Afghanistan. A mostly mountainous country, Afghanistan has a population of more than 30 million people as of 2020. A country with a history dating back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, in recent history the country has been home to war. In the 1980s there was the Soviet-Afghan War, then in 1996 the Islamic fundamentalist group known as Taliban took control of the country until the U.S. invasion in 2001. A new democratic government was in place until 2021 when the Taliban regained control of the country.