The hole stretches from Hudson Bay all the way to Russia's Arctic islands.
The bacteria were found at Loki's Castle—a field of active marine hydrothermal vents.
Researchers have detected novel viruses in samples of glacial ice, suggesting global heating could lead to the re-emergence of historic pathogens. But the science is uncertain.
Permafrost is ground that remains frozen for a period of two or more years.
Researchers found these regions of the eastern Arctic Ocean are relatively rare, which is "good news" for the climate.
The next decades, partly as a result of our inaction over the past ones, are crucial to mitigate climate warming. It is time to embrace innovative and proactive new experiments.
Findings come over 30 years after the Montreal Protocol was introduced.
In the new Netflix Original Series "V Wars" a prion disease unleashed from Arctic ice spreads vampirism to humans, but a microbial ecologist keyed us into the real nightmare scenario when microorganisms are unleashed from permafrost.
A draws on the expertise of 15 researchers from different disciplines to predict what a warming world will mean for the Earth's polar regions.
A fracture allowed the surface water to be transported to the land beneath the Arctic ice.
Researchers also found modern Arctic sledge dogs appear to be direct descendants of those brought over from Siberia and Alaska.
The Ivan Papanin unveiled in St. Petersburg contains cruise missiles and equipment to carry out scientific missions.
Vast oil and gas deposits are believed to be buried under the Arctic, where climate change is melting sea ice and uncovering new commercial opportunities.
The Arctic has been a climate sink for tens of thousands of years. However, according to a study recently published in the journal Nature, this precedent may be about to change—if it hasn't already.
Only days earlier, President Vladimir Putin has announced Russia would develop short and intermediate-range missiles.
Although poor reproduction rates have been known to affect individual species in the past, this is the first time such low reproductive rates have been seen at every stage of the ecosystem.
The researchers were able to scoop the bubbling water out of the sea with buckets.
Climate change is causing Arctic sea ice to recede, opening up lucrative economic opportunities but pitting great powers against each other in a race for influence.
The Trump administration justified the expansion of drilling in the Arctic ircle, saying "there is not a climate crisis."
Anders Fogh Rasmussen told Newsweek that despite Trump's public condemnation, increased U.S. activity has helped the alliance become stronger than it was at the start of the president's term.
The non-profit says that the Ambler Mining Road would disrupt Western Arctic caribou migration, cross over hundreds of rivers and streams, and interfere with the subsistence lifestyles of rural Alaskans.
One of the islands is about the size of 10 football fields.
The explosion killed at least five people and is believed to have involved a new nuclear-powered cruise missile.
"It naturally raises the question as to whether and how much plastic we're inhaling," researcher Melanie Bergmann said.
"This is the earliest date that large numbers of walruses have been confirmed on shore at Point Lay," said Andrea Medeiros, a spokeswoman for the the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Climate change is driving rising global temperatures and melting huge amounts of ice in the Arctic, opening the region to the world's great powers.
The Greenland ice sheet is the second largest body of ice in the world, after its counterpart in Antarctica.
Between the Early Middle Ages and the 1970s, levels of lead pollution spiked between 250 to 300-fold.
The arch that connects Greenland and Ellesmere Island normally breaks up in June or July.
One Ocean Expeditions had leased the vessels MV Akademik Ioffe and the MV Akademik from the Russian government.