The collaborative mission will test a technique that could be used to prevent a dangerous space rock from colliding with the Earth in future.
The larger of the two asteroids will come within around 630,000 miles of our planet, according to NASA.
Meteor showers are celestial events in which several shooting stars can be seen in the night sky, appearing to originate from a single point.
The asteroid will come within around 1.82 million miles of our planet, or around 7.5 times the distance between the Earth and the Moon.
"The formation of the moon and the origin of Earth's water are two of the fundamental open questions in cosmo-chemistry," said the lead author of a new study.
There are several ways we could alter Earth's orbit so it is in a spot further away from the Sun.
Large space rocks don't hit Earth often, but just one could cause mass destruction.
In 2006, the International Astronomical Union voted to downgrade Pluto to the status of dwarf planet, sparking a highly controversial debate that has yet to truly subside.
The comet is currently flying towards the inner Solar System at speeds of more than 51,000 miles per hour.
Studying Bennu, which is 4.5 billion years old, could help us to better understand the history of the solar system.
Scientists say a new telescope could help them discover more of these tiny moons.
Asteroids are small rocky bodies that orbit the Sun.
Tiny fish remains were time capsules of climate change.
The 2015 BZ509 asteroid orbits the sun in the opposite direction to everything else in the solar system.
In order to identify what 2004 EW95 was made of, the team studied the light reflected off of it.
The new experiment relied on a cannon that can shoot marbles at speeds of more than 11,000 miles per hour.
The asteroid is up to five times the size of the space rock that exploded over Chelyabinsk in 2013.
The spacecraft designed for the mission is called HAMMER.
You might be able to catch a glimpse from your own backyard.
There are two asteroids flying past Earth within the next few days, but what does that even mean?
It will approach our planet at about four miles per second.