Now, there exists a fresh opportunity to forge a lasting peace and to extinguish a lingering conflict in the South Caucasus region.
The silence and inaction of the international community in the face of Azerbaijan's shameless vilification and incitement of hate has left many fearing the worst.
Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan called the move "unbelievably painful for me and our people" but said, "we will never recognize ourselves as the losers."
The Russian Ministry of Defense confirmed Monday that one of its Mil Mi-24 gunships were downed by over-the-shoulder missile fire while accompanying a 102nd military base convoy near an Armenian village along the border with Azerbaijan.
After four years of Donald Trump, America's rivals and allies have a rooting interesting in the 2020 election. Do China, Russia, Iran and North Korea want Trump or his Democratic rival? And you may be surprised by Mexico's view.
"Air defense units in the northwestern region have been strengthened and more will be added if needed," Iranian Army commander Major General Abdolrahim Mousavi said.
Iran's conventional military and the elite Revolutionary Guard began the Guardians of the Sky Velayat-99 exercise as Armenia-Azerbaijan tensions spilled over the border and a decades-long U.N. arms embargo expired.
Armenia's ambassador to the U.S. told Newsweek "Iran has the capacity and could use its leverages to restrain Azerbaijan and urge Turkey not to add fuel to fire in Nagorno Karabakh," while Azerbaijan's envoy "appreciates every offer to help with reaching the much needed peace in our region."
Whatever one's views are on Turkey's trajectory, pro or con, America must have Azerbaijan's back.
Azerbaijan's ambassador to the United States Elin Suleymanov told Newsweek his country "appreciates every offer to help with reaching the much needed peace in our region."
"I think I wouldn't be overestimating by saying every Armenian in the world is disturbed by this, is moved by this and is in action having to do with this," singer-songwriter Serj Tankian told Newsweek.
The tweet from the Armenian American poker player has garnered more than 8,000 likes on Twitter, at the time of reporting.
"Iran will not allow anyone to bring terrorists, whom we have fought for many years in Syria, to our border points under any pretext," Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said as conflict raged nearby between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
The leading drone powers—Washington and Beijing—should be watching Azerbaijan and Armenia and learning about how drone swarms and loitering munitions work best.
Turkey is involved in conflicts in Syria, Libya and between Armenia and Azerbaijan, but has of far avoided a direct clash with fellow NATO member Greece over energy reserves in the Mediterranean Sea.
Both sides have been shelling residential areas as the violence escalates, with civilian casualties reported on both sides.
"We've been here our whole life, and we are staying here to do what we can. It would be wrong not to worry, but it would be wrong to panic and leave your post," Artsakh representative to the U.S. told Newsweek.
Armenia says it wants to engage with international mediators for an end to clashes with Azerbaijan over the breakaway region.
As their countries battle at home, Newsweek spoke to Armenian and Azerbaijani ambassadors to the U.S., who disagree on much but both see Washington as having an important role in resolving their deadly conflict.
Azerbaijan has vowed to take control of the Armenian-controlled Nagorno-Karabakh pocket amid an eruption of violence there.
On Tuesday, both Turkey and Iran reportedly found themselves directly involved in the battle, while the U.S. and Russia remained closely engaged, calling for an immediate de-escalation.
Almost 100 people have been killed in the latest outbreak of fighting over the Caucasus enclave, the status of which has long been disputed by neighbors Armenia and Azerbaijan.
Armenia and Azerbaijan have accused the other of launching attacks outside the contested region over which 30,000 people were killed in conflict in the 1990s.
Fighting broke out over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region this weekend, killing dozens and raising fears of a wider conflict.
"Armenia has been the victim of unprovoked attacks by Azerbaijan & the predictable disinformation campaign that accompanies them," Kardashian West tweeted.