Tensions between local and international actors have led to nonstop violence and more than 500,000 deaths, but there are some signs of rehabilitation.
Less than two weeks after Russian President Vladimir Putin showed off advanced weapons, his officials are warning the U.S. against action in Syria.
The Kurdish majority of the Pentagon-created Syrian Democratic Forces are leaving the U.S. battle against ISIS to fight a Turkish invasion.
China has joined Russia in backing Syria, partly because of the economic opportunities President Bashar al-Assad's victory offers.
North Korea and Syria have a history of working together against what they view as U.S. imperialism. In recent years, they've both seen success.
China's long-term global economic and security goals fit in line with a victory for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
"On seeing our Western coalition partners in the air, we always tailed them, as pilots say, which means a victory in real combat," a top Russian general said.
President Donald Trump's foreign policy is creating a path for other countries to exert control over the Middle East, according to analysts.
The deadly shelling was a reminder that the city once called "hell" by the U.N. chief was still threatened by violence a year later.
One year after a vicious battle turned the tides of war for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, he and his Russian ally want the U.S. gone.
The Pentagon said it would stay "as long as we need to," defying Syria, Russia and Iran, which see U.S. military presence as illegal.
As Syrian Kurds build ties with the government to cement their stake, Turkey's role could threaten their leverage.
The two leaders share hugs and handshakes, heaping praise on the Russian military campaign supporting the regime, despite allegations of civilian deaths.
The conversation follows Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's visit to Sochi.
While the true cost of Russia's campaign in Syria remains up for debate, its given Moscow newfound influence in the Middle East and crucial warfighting experience.
The World Bank called Nicaragua "a renewable energy paradise in Central America."
Russian President Vladimir Putin said the West has exploited his country's goodwill and disregarded the sovereignty of countries around the world.
Major General Issam Zahreddine, who led his Syrian Republican Guard brigade for three years against an ISIS siege in Deir Ezzor, was reportedly killed by a landmine.
Syria's war is almost over and experts say the U.S. has few options to counter what's been a major victory for Russia, Iran and President Bashar al-Assad.
As Russia consolidates its position in Syria and the Middle East as a whole, it's reaching out to rivals and selling them a coveted weapon, the S-400.
The Syrian military's Fifth Assault Corps, known as "ISIS Hunters," has made ISIS an offer it can't refuse.
Two rivals are battling ISIS in the jihadists' final stronghold of Deir ez-Zor. One seeks to return Syria to its former self; the other wants more power for Kurds.
The U.S. has designated the Al-Qaeda affiliated a "terrorist" group, despite its attempts to rebrand. However Russia has repeatedly accused Washington of sparing its militants.