"Federal minimum wage, which has not been raised since 2007 by Congress is a starvation wage. $7.25 an hour. If anybody thinks that we're giving up on this issue, they are sorely mistaken," Sanders said after the vote.
In a fiery speech on the floor, Sanders called it "disgraceful" that Congress hasn't raised the minimum wage since 2007.
The Vermont senator has said he would continue to push for a $15 minimum wage after it was deemed not part of budget reconciliation.
"It now seems clear that there is no path forward to gain confirmation, and I do not want continued consideration of my nomination to be a distraction from your other priorities," Tanden wrote.
"Not only do these payments help keep families out of poverty, but they act as economic stimulus," Democratic senators wrote in an open letter to President Joe Biden on Tuesday.
Sanders has also vowed to force a vote on the measure in the Senate this week.
The Senate majority leader said congressional Republicans at CPAC were "unconscionable" while the budget committee chairman said the GOP was becoming "authoritarian."
Congressional Democrats are quickly looking for an alternative to support fair wages for workers now that a $15 increase won't be included in President Joe Biden's coronavirus stimulus package.
"Mega-corporations can afford to pay their workers $15 an hour, and it's long past time they do so, but this should not come at the expense of small businesses already struggling to make it," Hawley said in a statement on Friday.
The Vermont senator told a livestream hosted by People's Action "we have got a number of ideas about how we are going to come back."
The Senate Budget Committee Chairman ridiculed Walmart for forcing taxpayers to "subsidize" low-income workers struggling to make a living wage.
The Vermont independent, who caucuses with the Democrats, has suggested a push could be made on infrastructure which could bypass the need for Republican support.
President Joe Biden, Vice President Kamala Harris, Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez(D-N.Y.) were the only national politicians to receive net positive favorability ratings in a new poll.
On Tuesday, the Vermont senator, along with six Republicans, opposed Tom Vilsack's confirmation as secretary of agriculture.
"Incrementally increasing a pitiful 7.25 wage to $10 over 5 yrs is a cruel joke. Poverty cannot be overcome just by $2.75/hour more," Democratic Michigan Representative Rashida Tlaib wrote.
"We have tens of millions of workers working for starvation wages," Sanders told reporters on Tuesday afternoon. "It is an absolute national disgrace."
In his renewed battle with Senator Warren, Biden inaccurately implies that student debt relief would help rich people. The president has spent 40 years blocking debt relief.
"Most successful small businesses can pay a fair wage," said the California congressman.
Democratic lawmakers are pushing to increase the minimum wage to $15 an hour through President Joe Biden's $1.9 trillion coronavirus relief package.
President Joe Biden has already expressed doubt that the proposal will be included in his $1.9 trillion COVID-19 relief bill, but Democrats have drafted another proposal to obtain the first hike in minimum wage in over a decade.
Before taking office, Biden said that he wanted to act "boldly and urgently" to get the checks passed through Congress. But weeks have gone by since his inauguration and another stimulus bill has still not been passed.
The last time the U.S. raised its federal minimum wage was 2009 to its current level of $7.25, although many states have a higher rate.
"Are the prosecutors right when they claim that Trump was telling a big lie or in your judgment did Trump actually win the election?" Sanders asked.
"We also want to be mindful of the small businesses across our country that have been hit particularly hard this past year during an unprecedented pandemic," Democratic Senator Tom Carper said.
"There were vicious attacks against progressives, people who I have worked with, me personally," Sanders told Tanden during her confirmation hearing.
Representative Ilhan Omar said that the wage increase is supported by the "overwhelming majority of Americans, including in swing states."
It looks unlikely that the legislation to increase the minimum wage from $7.25 to $15 will pass into law, after centrist Democrats expressed skepticism at the measure.
President Joe Biden's proposed plan for the third round of stimulus checks is facing some opposition, including from Senator Bernie Sanders, who has voiced his displeasure on social media.
The Senate Budget Committee chairman said Democrats would not win 10 GOP votes for the measure.