U.S. air presence over the Black Sea angered Moscow.
Buyan-M-class missile corvette Vyshny Volochyok was officially made part of the Black Sea Fleet and is headed off for global military drills.
Despite holding opposing views on NATO and the Syrian war, Russia and Turkey held joint naval exercises in the Black Sea, where military drills have already heightened tensions.
Alexander Nosatov was deputy commander of the Black Sea Fleet during the Crimea annexation.
Russia's ambassador to Denmark made the comments in an opinion piece published in a Danish national newspaper.
The drills come just days before the beginning of the ceasefire agreed to start on Sunday.
The decision means that almost half of the country's new fighter jets and helicopters will be stationed near Crimea.
Russia's top navy admiral plans to strengthen forces in Crimea and the Arctic over the next 15 years