The Black Death from 1346 to 1353 was the most fatal pandemic in human history, claiming up to 200 million lives.
The infectious disease, which is caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis, can be spread to humans and pets by fleas.
Today, the frightening disease that caused the Black Death "is treatable with commonly available antibiotics," the CDC said.
So far this year, Mongolia has had 22 suspected plague cases, six of which have been confirmed with laboratory testing.
Bubonic plague is a potentially deadly disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis.
The man, who was in his 20s, died after being hospitalized, the New Mexico Department of Health reported Friday.
"Risk for getting plague is extremely low as long as precautions are taken," according to a statement from Colorado health officials, which also provided a list of safety measures that stressed the importance of staying away from wild animals.
In Mongolia, at least one person dies from plague every year, despite public health campaigns warning people to avoid eating or coming into contact with marmots.
It is currently not clear how the individual became infected.
A man and his pregnant wife died from the disease after they ate an infected marmot.
A sacred ritual that involves exhuming and rewrapping the remains of relatives could be aiding the spread of the disease.
The plague outbreak is a powerful enemy that cannot be stopped easily.
What is considered a medieval disease by many is still present in several African countries.
This is the first case of plague in Michigan this year.