The commission has just under two years to analyze which Department of Defense bases, buildings and equipment need renaming and to suggest new names based on input from local communities.
The courthouse is named after a former chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court who owned slaves in the 1800s.
"it's not the people of yesteryear who have to live with these statues. Monuments are given pride of place in our public spaces, so we really need to weigh up what's more important to us: the memory of who we once were or the celebration of who we are now."
It comes amid a nationwide backlash against Confederate symbols, which have been criticized amid protests on racial injustice across the United States.
"They're ripping down our history," President Donald Trump said of U.S. protesters. "That's where these guys begin. They take away your history."
"Much of the racial tension, strife and protest we're seeing across the country emanates from right here in Charlottesville," community organizer Don Gathers said. "But now we're moving the needle in a positive way."
City officials called for the Portsmouth police chief's resignation after she announced 14 federal arrest warrants for individuals allegedly involved in a Confederate monument protest in June.
The South's Defenders statue, in Louisiana's Calcasieu Parish, was dismantled overnight as the storm made landfall along the U.S. Gulf Coast.
"This is public property. This is my city," the woman shouts, appearing to push one person away. Someone behind the camera then called her "a racist," asking her to leave.
The George Floyd Hologram Memorial Project will travel to five locations this week, replacing former Confederate statue sites with an image of Floyd.
A new advisory group will review possible further actions to be taken regarding Confederate artifacts in the Capitol.
While the Democratic Party did support slavery in its past, the politics of both parties have changed a lot since the Civil War and Civil Rights Era.
Reverend Robert Wright Lee said he supports a bill that proposes removing a statue of his ancestor, Confederate General Robert E. Lee, from Antietam National Battlefield in Maryland.
The shift in public opinion follows the anti-racism and Black Lives Matter demonstrations that have recently swept across the country.
Just over three-quarters (76 percent) of respondents to the new poll said they believe the country is currently "out of control."
A look back at the Civil War ought to be most instructive.
On July 1, Richmond Mayor Lever Stoney ordered the removal of 11 Confederate monuments in Richmond, including the 22-foot bronze image of James Ewell Brown Stuart that was erected more than 40 years after the end of the Civil War.
The Confederate flags were taken from the graves and placed on the ground to read out "Stop Racism."
"At a time when we are debating Confederate statues, I don't know what the difference is between the Confederacy and CHOP, other than slavery," Ari Fleischer said.
Trump has repeatedly said that he will not consider any provision to rename U.S. military bases bearing the names of Confederate soldiers.
Richmond, Virginia, Mayor Levar Stoney became the latest official to announce plans for the removal of Confederate statues, issuing a surprise executive order during a city council meeting Wednesday morning.
"We won't stand idly by while violent anarchists and rioters seek not only to vandalize and destroy the symbols of our nation," said DHS chief Chad Wolf.
In a 1971 interview with "Playboy," the late actor said he believed "in white supremacy until the Blacks are educated to a point of responsibility."
"My job as mayor is do to my best to keep our community safe, not make easy or politically popular decisions," Tupelo Mayor Jason Shelton wrote about the announcement.
President Donald Trump issued an executive order prescribing prison sentences of up to 10 years for vandals who target statues, including those paying tribute to the Confederacy.
Willie Hudspeth has fought for the removal of the Confederate solider memorial in Denton, Texas, for almost 21 years.
John B. Gordon was a Confederate general, a former governor of Georgia and a rumored leader of the Ku Klux Klan.
Nine generations separate me from my ancestors: Sally Hemings, a slave, and Thomas Jefferson, her owner. Plenty of time to process the fact men like him belong in museums, not on public squares.
"While the idea of replacing all of those monuments with Dolly Parton may seem funny, the history of those monuments is anything but," the petition on Change.org states.
The confrontation between the Brandenburg residents and protesters at the site of the Confederate monument was peaceful.