Police say they stopped the man during a routine patrol when they saw him performing an "irregular maneuver."
The high-profile bust comes a week after a United Nations report drew attention to Colombia's record-breaking and increasing cocaine production.
With the release of a new report, President Ivan Duque pledged that Colombia would implement a new strategy to address the illicit drug trade.
The announcement comes on the heels of an explosive report.
One of Central America's most stable countries and home to breathtaking tourist destinations and the world's happiest people, Costa Rica is now having an increasing role in the global drug trade.