The fact that the solar system could be traveling through a highly magnetized filament in space may also explain mysterious rope-like structures in the sky.
Scientists found the elusive black hole with a mass 10,000 times that of the Sun after it gave off the powerful X-ray flare.
The galaxy, which is 9.4 billion light-years from Earth, appeared to the Hubble Space Telescope as a cosmic illusion known as an Einstein Ring.
Scientists can now hold the birthplace of stars in their hands, and study them in unprecedented detail.
The discovery could change the way astronomers measure the ages of stars in the Milky Way, and means previous estimates could be off by as much as a billion years.
"There are likely more weird ones out there, and we need to think about how to look for them," said Davy Kirkpatrick, an author of the study.
The image shows Centaurus A's curling tendrils of dust and gas in never-before-seen detail.
The star cluster is located in the Large Magellanic Cloud, which is a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way.
"We had never seen anything like it before, and we had no idea what they were," said astrophysicist Ray Norris.
Astronomers peered at a galaxy hundreds of millions of light-years away and found evidence it is recycling lost gases.
The galaxies are located approximately 763 million light-years away in the constellation of Lynx.
The galaxies are located hundreds of millions of light years away from Earth and are leaving a trail of stars and dust as they merge.
Astronomers detected rare and never-before-seen structures in the galaxy's magnetic field including a helix-shaped featured and two vast "superbubbles."
"This all-sky image completely changes the way we look at the energetic universe," said researcher Peter Predehl.
"The flash was so powerful that it lit up the stream like a Christmas tree," said researcher Andrew Fox.
Superflares are explosions up to 10,000 times more energetic than the typical solar flares that our sun produces.
"While we have long been able to directly probe the winds of the bodies in our own solar system, we've had to conjecture what they're like in other kinds of bodies," researcher Peter Williams said.
NGC 4651 is sometimes referred to as the "Umbrella Galaxy" due to a faint umbrella-shaped structure that surrounds it.
Observations from NASA's Hubble telescope show these outflows contain, on average, 10 times more energy than previously thought.
Mergers with other galaxies may have knocked the black hole in dwarf galaxies off-center, creating "wandering" black holes.
Intriguingly, the Neptune-like planet is is about four times bigger than the star itself.
"Up until now, such a concentration of three supermassive black holes had never been discovered in the universe," Peter Weilbacher, from the Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam, said.
The center of our galaxy is located around 26,500 light-years away from Earth.
The latest findings could have important implications for our understanding of how massive stars form.
Researchers estimate that the explosion lasted for approximately 300,000 years.
Astronomers have cast new light on a huge, empty expanse of space that surrounds our galaxy known as the Local Void.
The black hole is located at the center of the spiral galaxy NGC 3147 around 130 million light-years away from Earth.
The findings expand our knowledge of black holes and the galaxies within which they are often found.
Messier 90 belongs to a vast collection of more than 1,200 galaxies known as the Virgo Cluster, which has a diameter of 15 million light-years.