Israeli troops used rubber bullets, tear gas and live ammunition as up to 10,000 people demonstrated along the border.
Up to 50,000 Palestinians are expected to protest along the Gaza border fence on Friday.
His party, Fatah, has called the blast an assassination attempt by political rival Hamas.
Rockets were already fired at Israel from Gaza, but Hamas was seeking a popular uprising.
A restaurant in Gaza is offering a discount to North Koreans to thank them for their country's support against the U.S.'s decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
Thousands of camouflage army boots were to make their way to Hamas's military wing, Israel says.
In a video, children appear to be dressed as militants, re-enacting recent clashes in the contested city.
The militant group hanged two men and killed a third by firing squad on Thursday.
Hamas believes that the Israeli intelligence agency killed Mazen Faqha, a commander in the group's military wing, in March.
The Turkish leader earlier urged more Muslims to visit the city to support the Palestinians' claim to contested site.
The Israeli leader says Hamas has not changed its stance after attempt to soften image.
Relations between the two countries soured after the Israeli commando raid on the Mavi Marmara in 2010.
Verdict for Elor Azaria causes uproar among far-right protesters outside Tel Aviv court.
The warning comes after Israeli strikes on the territory in response to militant rocket fire.
The agreement is expected to include terms allowing Turkish aid to Gaza.
These executions are the first death penalties carried out in the coastal territory since 2014.
A Hamas official says Egypt stepped in to restore calm after night of cross-border clashes.