Iran's foreign minister said his country's authority came from its people, not "beautiful" U.S. weapons used by Tehran's foes.
The announcement of the new plans for Iran's navy come amid ratcheting tensions between Iran and the United States.
The video released by the Iranian government was more than seven months old.
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said Wednesday that he was surprised by the president's sudden announcement.
The International Atomic Energy Agency said Iran was in compliance with the 2015 nuclear deal.
"The Americans will take this dream to their graves," a senior adviser to Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said,
The bill, a reaction to U.S. sanctions, will increase the country's military and intelligence budget by $800 million.
Former U.S. and Israeli generals disavow a possible U.S. military strike on Iran, and a European scholar says Trump may find himself isolated.
Trump administration officials are preparing new economic sanctions against Tehran.
It is actually the United States, not Iran, that appears to be in breach of the Iran nuke deal.
The decision comes after the U.S. declared that while the Islamic Republic is not in breach of the nuclear deal, it is not living up to the spirit of the accord.
More than 64 years after the CIA helped overthrow Iran's democratically elected government, the country reacted to recent U.S. comments on regime change.
In a speech at Harvard Kenny School of Government, Kerry joked that Russian language skills are now more useful for gaining political power than running for office or getting a good degree.
Rouhani's victory is a vote of confidence in his reformist vision, but he faces challenges from abroad and home.
U.S. officials say Iran recently tested its supercaptivating Hoot torpedo, capable of traveling 250 miles per hour by evaporating the water around it.
Iran's defense minister said the test did not breach the Islamic Republic's nuclear agreement with world powers or a U.N. Security Council resolution endorsing the pact.
Under Iran's settlement with the United States, France, Germany, Britain, Russia and China, Tehran agreed to shrink its nuclear program to satisfy the powers that it could not be put to developing atomic bombs.
Iran has 'nothing else to discuss' and won't revisit the accord even under the threat of sanctions.
The announcement marked Tehran's first concrete reaction to a decision by Congress in November to extend some sanctions on Iran.
President Hassan Rouhani was speaking live on state television Tuesday.