South Africa deployed 25,000 troops, one of the largest deployments of soldiers since the end of white minority rule in 1994, to quell the riots.
Violence erupted in the KwaZulu-Natal and Gauteng provinces after the jailing of former President Jacob Zuma.
"Many of them died from being trampled on during a stampede while people were looting items," the KwaZulu-Natal province's premier said.
Zuma was found guilty of contempt of court and sentenced to 15 months in prison after failing to appear in court before the commission investigating allegations of corruption during his presidency.
"Finally, Zuma will find himself where he belongs—behind bars," said opposition politician Herman Mashaba in reaction to the sentence.
The "Teflon president" resigned on Wednesday amid growing pressure from the African National Congress.
South Africa has a long history of racial segregation.
Africa's most advanced economy has fallen into recession for the first time in eight years, and pundits are blaming the president.
A leak of more than 100,000 emails showed that the Guptas, friends of Zuma, hold significant influence over the awarding of government contracts.
Mmusi Maimane traveled to Zambia on Thursday to attend the trial of the country's embattled opposition leader, but says he was "assaulted" and turned back upon arrival.
Invoking an apartheid era law to escape accountability is a misguided move that will ask far more questions of the president than it avoids.
"She is bold and you can't fool her," Zuma said about Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, his wife for 16 years.
F.W. de Klerk said that he was "deeply disappointed" in the scandal-dogged leader.
The country's former energy minister secretly signed an agreement with Russia's state nuclear firm in 2014.
The artist said that the painting depicts Zuma's "molesting" of South Africa.
Two of the three major ratings agencies have downgraded South Africa to junk status; only Moody's has not, yet.
Zuma turned 75 on Wednesday.
The image shows President Zuma and the Gupta family abusing a woman who represents the country.
Zuma recently fired his popular finance minister, sparking widespread criticism and a credit downgrade for South Africa.
Gigaba has promised to radically transform South Africa's economy, after its credit rating was just downgraded to junk status.
Helen Zille tweeted that colonialism wasn't entirely bad and suggested she saw it as bringing some benefits.
The president fired his popular finance minister to widespread criticism.
Opposition parties have filed motions of no confidence in the president.
The ANC's top brass is divided on whether Zuma should fire the finance minister.
Zuma is not attending "in compliance with the family's wishes."
Helen Zille claimed that colonialism was not entirely negative.
It's the latest sign of a rift in the ANC as it mulls its next leader.