Khalifa Hifter, a presidential candidate, is facing three civil lawsuits alleging that he was responsible for the torture and deaths of political adversaries.
Moammar Gadhafi was overthrown and slain by a NATO-supported uprising in 2011, plunging the North African country into a decade of violence and disorder.
As Libya is not considered a safe port by the U.N. refugee agency or the European Union, the captain was convicted on abandonment-related charges.
The U.N.'s humanitarian coordinator for Libya condemned the raids, which resulted in unarmed migrants being harassed in their homes, beaten and shot.
According to an International Organization for Migration spokeswoman, the migrants returned to Libya included nine children and 43 children.
The U.S. official, speaking on the condition of anonymity, told the Associated Press that the deal is not yet done, but each country is prepared to discuss an incremental withdrawal of about 300 troops by both sides.
The president was talking about how the United States and Russia can work together to help the people of "Libya."
Around 7,000 Europe-bound migrants were intercepted and returned to Libya so far this year, according to the International Organization for Migration.
The king of Jordan is a popular figure and a symbol of unity in a very demographically complicated country.
The latest deadly shipwreck marks a growing issue from the country—last month, at least 55 migrants were found dead off the coast of Libya.
"We firmly believe that NATO intervention in Libya led to the most devastating consequences," Russia's embassy told Newsweek, calling the 2011 attack "a stark reminder of the real cost of 'regime-change' policies."
"It's gotten close to a billion people out of poverty over the last 40 years, and given the economic challenges in the Middle East, there is a lot to like about the thinking of the Chinese model," Princeton University's Michael Robbins told Newsweek.
A rare winter storm blanketed swathes of the Middle East, from Saudi Arabia to Syria and Libya to Lebanon, in snow.
Newsweek looks at five of the most-affected nations by the Arab Spring—Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Syria and Yemen—on the anniversary of Tunisian street vendor Mohamed Bouazizi's death that helped spark a regional revolt with mixed results.
Heartbreaking footage shows the mother screaming: "I'm not going to see my baby. I lost my baby. Why me? Where's my baby?"
Turkey is involved in conflicts in Syria, Libya and between Armenia and Azerbaijan, but has of far avoided a direct clash with fellow NATO member Greece over energy reserves in the Mediterranean Sea.
Russia is expanding its presence in Syria and Libya, while checking U.S. aerial movement over the Mediterranean Sea, a strategic body of water on the southern flank of NATO.
U.S. Africa Command said Tuesday that Russian jets deployed to Libya "recently" risk more "casualties and human suffering on both sides."
"The quantity of fish we have found and studied are unprecedented in the central Sahara," researcher Savino di Lernia told Newsweek.
After the failure of another U.N.-backed conference, Turkey and Russia are advancing their interests and undermining Western influence in the Mediterranean.
As President Donald Trump called on other nations to play an increased role in the Middle East after Iranian attacks on Iraqi bases housing U.S. personnel, Russia and Turkey discussed Libya and Syria.
Libya's U.N.-backed Government of National Accord has approved a Turkish request to send troops to defend Tripoli against the rival Libyan National Army, led by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar.
Greece is expected to seek NATO's support in its growing tensions with Turkey.
The 11-deck Marella Discovery ship encountered the struggling migrant boat off the coast of Greece on Saturday.
Women, men, and children held in nightmarish detention centers in Libya face an even greater risk to life and limb as rival factions escalate their fight for the Libyan capital of Tripoli.
NATO launched its first-ever attack on a sovereign state two decades ago, paving the way for uncontested 21st century U.S. military action in the Middle East.