Researchers found that oil altered microbial communities living in these artificial reefs deep beneath the sea.
The appearance of a dead whale in the Bay Area city is the latest development in an ongoing trend.
Scientists say the biggest extinction event ever was caused by comparable rate of cO2 emissions to those seen today.
Unlike most sharks, threshers give birth to their young.
On the seafloor, there are 4 billion plastic fibers in every area one-third the size of New York's Central Park.
The discovery of damaged coral far from the spill's epicenter signals widespread damage.